Difference between in Biology

Difference between in Biology

6th class

 Chapter 1

  1. Idli and Chicken curry (on the basis of ingredients and sources)
  2. Kheer and chicken curry (on the basis of ingredients and sources)
  3. Plant and Animal source of food
  4. Herbivorous and carnivorous
  5. Carnivorous and omnivorous
  6. Omnivorous and herbivorous
  7. Nectar and ingredients

Chapter 2

  1. Proteins and fats
  2. Fats and Carbohydrates
  3. Carbohydrates and Proteins
  4. Test for starch and test for protein
  5. Test for protein and test for fats
  6. Vitamins and minerals
  7. Vitamin A and Vitamin B12
  8. Vitamin C and Vitamin K

Chapter 7

  1. Stem and flower
  2. Leaf and root
  3. Stem and leaf
  4. Herbs and Trees
  5. Trees and Shrubs
  6. Flower and Fruits
  7. Petiole and Lamina of leaf
  8. Veins and Midrib of leaf
  9. Reticulate venation and Parallel venation
  10. Transpiration and Translocation
  11. Tap root and fibrous root
  12. Petals and Sepals of the flower
  13. Carpel and Pistil

Chapter 8

  1. Ball and Hinge Joint
  2. Socket joints and Pivotal Joints
  3. Pivot joints and Hinge joints
  4. Shoulder bone and Pelvic bone
  5. Bone and Cartilage
  6. Fish and Snail
  7. Earthworm and Compost worm
  8. Movement in snake and Movement in Fish
  9. Pectoral girdle and Pelvic girdle
  10. Snake and Earthworm

Chapter 9

  1. Animals, plants in the desert and in the Sea
  2. Adaptation and Habitat
  3. Acclimatisation and Adaptation
  4. Terrestrial and Aquatic habitat
  5. Biotic and Abiotic Factors
  6. Predator and Prey
  7. Lungs and Gills
  8. Growth and respiration
  9. Reproduction and Excretion
  10. Ecosystem and Habitat
  11. Terrestrial and Aquatic plants
  12. Excretion and Secretion
  13. Excretion and Egestion

Chapter 14

  1. Water cycle and rainwater harvesting
  2. Snowfall and Flood
  3. Water vapour and Water cycle
  4. Vapour and Steam

Chapter 16

  1. Useful and non-useful components of Garbage
  2. Recycling and Vermicomposting
  3. Landfill and compost
  4. Compost and Worm farm

7th class

Chapter 1

  1. Autotrophic and Heterotrophic
  2. Plants and Animals
  3. Holozoic nutrition and Saprophytic nutrition
  4. Cell membrane and Cell Wall
  5. Nucleus and Cytoplasm
  6. Chlorophyll and Stomata
  7. Stomata and Guard cells
  8. Algae and Fungi
  9. Parasites and Saprotrophic
  10. Saprotrophs and Heterotrophs
  11. Moss and Lichens
  12. Parasite and Host

Chapter 2

  1. Ingestion and Digestion
  2. Hydra and Sponge
  3. Sponging and Siphoning
  4. Digestion in stomach and Digestion in intestine
  5. Small intestine and Large intestine
  6. Rectum and Anus
  7. Gall bladder and urine bladder
  8. Permanent teeth and Milk teeth
  9. Type of teeth: Canines and Molar
  10. Incisors and Canine
  11. Oesophagus and Trachea
  12. Saliva and Bile juice
  13. Ingestion and egestion
  14. Ruminants and Non ruminants
  15. Bolus and Chyme
  16. Amino acid and Fatty acid

Chapter 7

  1. Mucous and Serous
  2. Essential amino acids and Non-essential amino acids
  3. Humidity and Clouds
  4. Mercury and Alcohol Thermometer

Chapter 9

  1. Temperature and Climate
  2. Weather and Season
  3. Sand and Slit
  4. Sandy Soil and Clayey Soil

Chapter 10

  1. Respiration and breathing
  2. Aerobic Respiration and Anaerobic Respiration
  3. Inhalation and Exhalation
  4. Nasal cavity and Chest cavity
  5. Trachea and Spiracles
  6. Tracheoles and Trachea

Chapter 11

  1. Red blood cells and White blood cells
  2. Animal Blood and Human Blood
  3. Arteries and Veins
  4. Capillaries and Arteries
  5. Veins and Capillaries
  6. Pulse rate and Heart rate
  7. Blood pressure and Heart rate
  8. Atria and Ventricles
  9. Ureters and Urethra
  10. Xylem and Phloem
  11. Primary and Secondary xylem
  12. Urea and Uric acid
  13. Urine and Urea
  14. Urine and Filtrate

Chapter 12

  1. Asexual and Sexual reproduction
  2. Fragmentation and Fission
  3. Budding and Fragmentation
  4. Regeneration and Fragmentation
  5. Spore formation and Budding
  6. Unisexual flower and Bisexual flower
  7. Male gametophyte and Female gametophyte

Chapter 16

  1. Solid and liquid
  2. Liquid and Gas
  3. Gaseous and Solid
  4. Depletion and Infiltration

Chapter 17

  1. Regeneration and decomposers
  2. Deforestation and Soil erosion
  3. Decomposers and Scavengers
  4. Erosion and Weathering

Chapter 18

  1. Aerobic bacteria and Anaerobic bacteria
  2. Sewage and Sewerage
  3. Aeration and Agitation
  4. Biogas and Biomass

8th class

Chapter 1

  1. Kharif crops and Rabi crops
  2. Plough and Hoe
  3. Threshing and Harvesting
  4. Sprinkler system and Drip system
  5. Tilling and harvesting
  6. Grain and Seeds
  7. Plant and Seeds

Chapter 2

  1. Bacteria and Fungi
  2. Protists and Fungi
  3. Fungi and Parasite
  4. Protozoa and Algae
  5. Protozoa and Bacteria
  6. Fungi and Protozoa
  7. Germs and Bacteria
  8. Parasite and Saprophyte
  9. Bacteria and Parasite
  10. Antibodies and Antibiotics
  11. Antibodies and Antigen
  12. Microorganisms and Microbes
  13. Pathogen and Parasite
  14. Pathogenic and Non-pathogenic bacteria
  15. Carriers and Vectors
  16. Food preservation and Food processing
  17. Pasteurisation and Sterilisation
  18. Rhibozobium and Azotobacter

Chapter 7

  1. Deforestation and desertification
  2. Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park
  3. Adaptation and Migration
  4. Flora and Fauna
  5. Forest and Jungle
  6. Deforestation and Reforestation
  7. Endemic species and Exotic species
  8. Biodiversity and Species richness

Chapter 8

  1. Multicellular and Unicellular
  2. Cell membrane and Plasma membrane
  3. Cell wall and Plasma membrane
  4. Cytoplasm and Protoplasm
  5. Prokaryotic cell and Eukaryotic cell
  6. Chromosomes and genes
  7. Chromosome and Chromatin
  8. Organ and Organelle
  9. Chloroplast and Chromoplast
  10. Mitochondria and Chloroplast
  11. Organ and Tissue
  12. Cell and Tissue
  13. Circulation and Digestion
  14. Testes and Ovaries

Chapter 9

  1. Spermatogenesis and Oogenesis
  2. Circulation and Digestion
  3. Testis and Ovaries
  4. Ova and Sperm
  5. Internal fertilisation and External fertilisation
  6. In-vitro and In vivo
  7. Foetus and Zygote
  8. Foetus and Embryo
  9. Viviparous and Oviparous Animals
  10. Tadpole and Caterpillar

Chapter 10

  1. Adolescence and Puberty
  2. Pharynx and Larynx
  3. Male Hormone and Female hormone
  4. Plantae and Animalia
  5. Endocrine gland and Pituitary gland
  6. Thallophyta and Pteridophyta
  7. Gymnosperms and Angiosperms
  8. Endocrine system and Exocrine system
  9. Nervous system and Endocrine system
  10. Adrenal gland and Pituitary gland
  11. Menarche and Menopause
  12. Sex hormones and Insect hormone
  13. Insulin and Adrenalin
  14. Androgen and Estrogen
  15. Target site and Voice box

Chapter 18

  1. Air pollution and Water pollution
  2. Pollution and Pollutants

9th class

Chapter 5

  1. Nucleolus and Nucleus
  2. Cell membrane and Nuclear membrane
  3. Cell wall and Nucleus
  4. Prokaryotic cell and Eukaryotic cell
  5. Endoplasmic reticulum and Cell organelle
  6. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum and Rough endoplasmic reticulum
  7. Mitochondrion and Ribosomes

Chapter 6

  1. Plant tissue and Animal tissue
  2. Plant cell and Animal cell
  3. Animal cell and Bacterial cell
  4. Meristematic tissue and Permanent tissue
  5. Epithelial tissue and Connective tissue
  6. Nervous tissue and Muscular tissue
  7. Muscle cell and Nerve cell
  8. Nervous system and Nervous Tissue

Chapter 7

  1. Classification and Evolution
  2. Monera and Protista
  3. Protista and Fungi
  4. Fungi and Plantae
  5. Plantae and Monera
  6. Animalia and Protista
  7. Bryophyta and Thallophyta
  8. Plantae and Animalia
  9. Thallophyta and Pteridophyta
  10. Gymnosperms and Angiosperms
  11. Dicots and Monocots
  12. Coelenterate and Porifera
  13. Coelenterata and Platyhelminthes
  14. Porifera and Annelida
  15. Annelida and Arthropoda
  16. Annelida and Nematoda
  17. Porifera and Arthropoda
  18. Platyhelminthes and Echinodermata
  19. Mollusca and Arthropoda
  20. Amphibia and Pisces
  21. Cyclostomata and Pisces
  22. Amphibia and Reptilia
  23. Reptilia and Aves
  24. Amphibia and Mammalia
  25. Aves and Mammalia
  26. Reptilia and Mammalia
  27. Animals and Mammals

Chapter 13

  1. Health and Disease free
  2. Acute disease and Chronic disease
  3. Infectious and Non-infectious causes

Chapter 14

  1. Rain and Air
  2. Air and Water
  3. Water pollution and Air pollution
  4. Water cycle and Nitrogen cycle
  5. Water cycle and Carbon cycle
  6. Phosphorous cycle and Carbon cycle
  7. Nitrogen cycle and Carbon cycle

Chapter 15

  1. Fertilizers and Manure
  2. Crops and Manure
  3. Crop management and Nutrients management
  4. Cattle farming and Poultry farming
  5. Egg production and Fish Production
  6. Marine fisheries and Inland fisheries
  7. Mariculture and Aquaculture

10th class

Chapter 6

  1. Autotrophic nutrition and Heterotrophic nutrition
  2. Vesicle and Vacoule
  3. Transportation in humans and Transportation in plants
  4. Blood and Lymph
  5. Left ventricle and Right ventricle
  6. Transport of water in plants and Transport of food
  7. Excretion in humans and Respiration in humans
  8. Systolic pressure and Diastolic pressure
  9. Tooth decay and Energy or ATP
  10. Transportation and Respiration in human beings
  11. Transportation in humans and Transportation in Plants
  12. Heart and Lymph
  13. Transport of water and Transport of food in Plants
  14. Excretion and Respiration
  15. Hemodialysis and Blood pressure
  16. Excretion in human and Plants
  17. Synapse and Neuron
  18. Mid brain and Hind brain
  19. Brain and Spinal cord
  20. Cerebrum and Cerebellum
  21. Reflex action and Walking
  22. Movement in sensitive plants and Movement in our legs
  23. Parathyroid and Thyroid
  24. Adrenal gland and Thyroid gland

Chapter 8

  1. Fission and Fermentation
  2. Regeneration and Reproduction
  3. Stem and Root
  4. Fission and Variation
  5. Regeneration and Variation
  6. Regeneration in Fission
  7. Budding and fermentation
  8. Petals and Pistil
  9. Self-pollination and Cross-Pollination
  10. Male reproductive system and Female reproductive system
  11. Pistil and Stamen

Chapter 9

  1. Sex determination and Inheritance
  2. Inheritance and Evolution
  3. Evolution and Speciation
  4. Fossil and Human Evolution

Chapter 11

  1. Lens and Retina
  2. Cornea and Optic nerve
  3. Near Sightedness and Far Sightedness
  4. Myopia and Presbyopia
  5. Refraction of Light and Dispersion of white light

Chapter 12

  1. Thermal power plant and Hydro power plants
  2. Biomass and Wind energy
  3. Conventional and Non-conventional source of energy
  4. Solar energy and Tidal energy
  5. Wind energy and Wave energy
  6. Wind energy and Solar energy
  7. Tidal energy and Wave energy
  8. Geothermal energy and Solar energy
  9. Nuclear energy and Geothermal energy

Chapter 15

  1. Food chains and Food Webs

Chapter 16

  1. Refuse and Reuse
  2. Reduce and Repurpose
  3. Reuse and Recycle
  4. Forests and Wildlife
  5. Coal and Petroleum
  6. Water resources and Water harvesting

Class 11Th

Chapter 1

  1. Binomial nomenclature and classification
  2. Taxonomy and systematics
  3. Species and Genus
  4. Kingdom and division
  5. Herbarium and Museum
  6. Zoological park and Botanical garden

Chapter 2

  1. Kingdom Animalia and Kingdom Monera
  2. Kingdom Animalia and Kingdom Fungi
  3. Kingdom Monera and Kingdom Plantae
  4. Cyanobacteria and Eubacteria
  5. Heterotrophic bacteria and Autotrophic bacteria
  6. Photosynthetic bacteria and chemosynthetic bacteria
  7. Yeasts and Molds
  8. Mycorrhizae and Root nodules
  9. Paramecium and Euglena
  10. Lichens and Mycorrhizae
  11. Virus and Viroids
  12. Virus and Bacteria
  13. Mycobiont and Phycobiont

Chapter 3

  1. Chlorophyceae and Phaeophyceae
  2. Chlorophyceae and Rhodophyceae
  3. Brown algae and Red algae
  4. Green algae and Red algae
  5. Green algae and Cyanobacteria
  6. Bryophytes and Pteridophytes
  7. Hornworts and Liverworts
  8. Homosporous and Heterosporous
  9. Pollen grains and microspore
  10. Ovule and pollen grains
  11. Double fertilization and Triple fusion
  12. Haplontic and Diplontic cycle

Chapter 4

  1. Organ and Cell
  2. Tissue and Organ system
  3. Diploblastic and Triploblastic
  4. Coelomate and Acoelomate
  5. Pseudocoelomates and Coelomates
  6. Vertebral column and notochord
  7. Medusa and Polyp
  8. Ctenophora and Cnidaria
  9. Roundworms and Flatworms
  10. Dioecious and Monoecious
  11. Oligochaetes and polycheats
  12. Malpighian tubule and Nephridia
  13. Mosquitoes and Midges
  14. Moths and Butterfly
  15. Waterbug and roach
  16. Agnatha and Gnathostomata

Chapter 5

  1. Primary and secondary growth
  2. Taproot and Adventitious root
  3. Shoot and root apical meristem
  4. Simple leaf and compound leaf
  5. Racemose and Cymose
  6. Actinomorphic and Zygomorphic flower
  7. Epigynous and Hypogynous flower
  8. Fabaceae and Liliaceae

Chapter 6

  1. Simple and Complex permanent tissue
  2. Protoxylem and Metaxylem
  3. Ground tissue and Meristematic tissue
  4. Sapwood and Heartwood
  5. Phelloderm and Phellom

Chapter 7

  1. Simple epithelium and Compound epithelium
  2. Squamous and Ciliated epithelial cell
  3. Adhering junctions and Tight junctions
  4. Adipose tissue and Areolar tissue
  5. Dense regular connective tissue and Dense irregular tissues
  6. Cartilage and Bones
  7. Plasma and Blood
  8. Ammonotelic and Uricotelic

Chapter 8

  1. Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria
  2. Active and passive transport
  3. Ribosome and Lysosome
  4. Chloroplast and Leucoplast
  5. Metacentric and Telocentric
  6. Histone and non-histone proteins

Chapter 9

  1. Primary and secondary metabolites
  2. Protein and Peptide
  3. Polysaccharides and monosaccharides
  4. Nucleic acid and nucleotide
  5. Glycosidic bond and peptide bond
  6. Transferase and Hydrolase

Chapter 10

  1. G1 phase and G2 phase
  2. Prophase and Interphase
  3. Cytokinesis and Karyokinesis
  4. Telophase1 and Telophase 2
  5. Meiosis 1 and Meiosis 2
  6. Diplotene and Pachytene

Chapter 11

  1. Simple diffusion and Facilitated diffusion
  2. Uniport and Antiport
  3. Diffusion and Osmosis
  4. Plasmolysis and Deplasmolysis
  5. Guttation and Transpiration

Chapter 12

  1. Macronutrients and Micronutrients
  2. Chemosynthesis and Photosynthesis

Chapter 13

  1. Dark reaction and light reaction
  2. Chlorophyll A and Chlorophyll B
  3. C3 pathway and C4 Pathway

Chapter 14

  1. Krebs cycle and Glycolysis

Chapter 15

  1. Cytokinin and Auxin
  2. Gibberellin and Auxin
  3. Vernalization and Photoperiodism

Chapter 16

  1. Microvilli and Cilia

Chapter 17

  1. Right lung and left lung
  2. Expiration and Inspiration

Chapter 18

  1. ABO and RH blood group
  2. Positive blood and Negative blood
  3. SA node and AV node

Chapter 19

  1. Reabsorption and Filtration

Chapter 20

  1. Striated muscle and Cardiac muscle
  2. Striated muscle and non-striated muscle
  3. Myosin and Actin

Chapter 21

  1. Central and peripheral nervous system
  2. Autonomic nervous system and Somatic nervous system
  3. Unipolar and multipolar neurons
  4. Myelinated and Unmyelinated nerve fibers

Chapter 22

  1. Adrenal cortex and Adrenal medulla
  2. Alpha and Beta Receptors

Class 12

Chapter 1

  1. Cell division in plants and animals
  2. Seeds and Spores

Chapter 2

  1. Androcium and Gynocium
  2. Generative cell and vegetative cell
  3. Syncarpous and Apocarpous
  4. Fertilization and Pollination
  5. Autogamy and Xenogamy
  6. Uterus and Placenta
  7. Endosperm and Perisperm
  8. Syngamy and Triple fusion
  9. Epicotyl and Hypocotyl
  10. Coleorrhiza and Coleoptile
  11. True and False fruits

Chapter 3

  1. Vas deferens and Vasa efferentia
  2. Endometrium and Myometrium

Chapter 4

  1. Follicle and Oocyte
  2. Breastmilk and Colostrum
  3. Embryo and Blastocyst

Chapter 5

  1. Genes and Genomes
  2. Dominant genes and Recessive genes
  3. Codominance and Incomplete Dominance

Chapter 6

  1. B-DNA and Z-DNA
  2. Thymine and Cytosine
  3. Transcription and DNA Replication
  4. DNA polymerase and RNA polymerase
  5. Satellite and repetitive DNA

Chapter 7

  1. Convergent and Divergent evolution

Chapter 8

  1. Active immunity and Passive immunity
  2. Retrovirus and Bacteriophage
  3. Benign tumor and Malignant tumor

Chapter 9

  1. Gene revolution and Green revolution

Chapter 10

  1. Fermentor and Bioreactor
  2. Biological control and Chemical control

Chapter 11

  1. Chromosomal DNA and Plasmid DNA
  2. Exonuclease and Endonuclease

Chapter 13

  1. Parasitism and Predation

Chapter 16

  1. Global warming and Greenhouse effect

Updated: March 5, 2022 — 10:26 pm

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