Maharashtra Board Class 5 Math Solution Chapter 3 – Addition and Subtraction
Balbharati Maharashtra Board Class 5 Math Solution Chapter 3: Addition and Subtraction. Marathi or English Medium Students of Class 5 get here Addition and Subtraction full Exercise Solution.
Std  Maharashtra Class 5 
Subject  Mathematics Solution 
Chapter  Addition and Subtraction 
PROBLEM SET 7
Add :
(1)
TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  
4
1 
0
3 
7
8 
2
1 
2
9 
5  4  5  4  1 
ANSWER = 54,541
(2)
TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  
5
1 
6
0 
4
6 
2
4 
7
8 
6  7  0  7  5 
Answer = 67,075
(3)
TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  
6
2 
4
8 
0
4 
2
0 
7
9 
9  2  4  3  6 
Answer = 92,436
(4)
TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  
3
2 
3
8 
2
5 
1
4 
6
0 
6  1  7  5  6 
ANSWER = 61,756
PROBLEM SET 8
Add :
(1) 42,311 + 65,36,624
TL  L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
6 
5 
4
3 
2
6 
3
6 
1
2 
1
4 
6  5  7  8  9  3  5 
ANSWER = 6,578,935
(2) 3,17,529 + 8,04,613
TL  L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  1  1  
3
8 
1
0 
7
4 
5
6 
2
1 
9
3 

1  1  2  2  1  4  2 
ANSWER = 11,22,142
(3) 12,42,746 + 4,83,748
TL  L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  
1

2
4 
4
8 
2
3 
7
7 
4
4 
6
8 
1  7  2  6  4  9  4 
ANSWER = 17,26,494
(4) 24,12,636 + 23,19,058
TL  L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  
2
2 
4
3 
1
1 
2
9 
6
0 
3
5 
6
8 
4  7  3  1  6  9  4 
ANSWER = 47,31,694
(5) 2,654 + 71,209 + 5,03,789
TL  L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  2  
5 
7 0 
2
1 3 
6
2 7 
5
0 8 
4
9 9 

5  7  7  6  5  2 
ANSWER = 5,77,652
(6) 29 + 726 + 51,36,274
TL  L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  1  
5 
1 
3 
6 
7 2 
2
2 7 
9
6 4 
5  1  3  7  0  2  9 
ANSWER = 51,37,029
(7) 14,02,649 + 524 + 28,13,749
TL  L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  1  2  
1
2 
4
8 
0
1 
2
3 
6
5 7 
4
2 4 
9
4 9 
4  2  1  6  9  2  2 
ANSWER = 42,16,922
(8) 23,45,678 + 9,87,654
TL  L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  1  1  1  1  
2

3
9 
4
8 
5
7 
6
6 
7
5 
8
4 
3  3  3  3  3  3  2 
ANSWER = 33,33,332
(9) 22 + 6,047 + 3,84,527
TL  L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  
3 
8 
6 4 
0 5 
2
4 2 
2
7 7 

3  9  0  5  9  6 
ANSWER = 3,90596
(10) 2,345 + 65,432 + 76,54,369
TL  L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  1  1  1  
7 
6 
6 5 
2
5 4 
3
4 3 
4
3 6 
5
2 9 
7  7  2  2  1  4  6 
ANSWER = 77,22,146
PROBLEM SET 9
Solve the following problems
(1) In a certain election, 13,47,048 women and 14,29,638 men cast their votes. How many votes were polled altogether ?
Total number of women voter – 13,47,048
Total number of men voter – 14,29,638
Adding up total number of men and women,
TL  L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  
1
1 
3
4 
4
2 
7
9 
0
6 
4
3 
8
8 
2  7  7  6  6  8  6 
ANSWER = Total number of 27,76,686 votes were polled together.
(2) What will be the sum of the smallest and the largest sixdigit numbers ?
Smallest six digit number is 111,111
Largest six digit number is 999,999
TL  L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  1  1  1  
1
9 
1
9 
1
9 
1
9 
1
9 
1
9 

1  1  1  1  1  1  0 
ANSWER = The sum of the smallest and the largest sixdigit numbers is 1,111,110
(3) If Surekhatai bought a tractor for 8,07,957 and a thresher for 32,609, how much money did she spend altogether ?
The price of tractor = 8,07,957
The price if thrasher = 32,609
Adding total price of the tractor and thrasher together,
L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  
8  0
3 
7
2 
9
6 
5
0 
7
9 
8  4  0  5  6  6 
ANSWER = She spent 840,566 rupees altogether.
(4) A textile mill produced 17,24,938 metres of cloth last year and 23,47,056 metres this year. What was the total production for the two years ?
The total production of previous year = 17,24,938 metres
The total production of this year = 23,47,056 metres
Adding the total production of two years,
TL  L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  
1
2 
7
3 
2
4 
4
7 
9
0 
3
5 
8
6 
4  0  7  1  9  9  4 
ANSWER = the total total production for the two years was 40,71,994 meters.
(5) If the Government gave 34,62,950 worth of computers and 3,26,578 worth of TV sets to the schools, what is the total amount it spent on this equipment ?
The total amount spent on computers = 34,62,950 rupees
The total amount spent on tv sets = 3,26,578 rupees
The total amount of computers and tv sets altogether,
TL  L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  
3  4
3 
6
2 
2
6 
9
5 
5
7 
0
8 
3  7  8  9  5  2  8 
ANSWER = the total amount it spent on this equipment is 37,89,528 rupees.
PROBLEM SET 10
Subtract :
(1)
TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  1  
6
2 
4
8 
2
5 
9
4 
3
7 
3  5  7  4  6 
ANSWER = 35,746
(2)
TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  1  
3
2 
7
3 
0
4 
5
6 
8
9 
1  3  5  8  9 
ANSWER = 13,589
(3)
TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  1  
7
5 
1
8 
5
6 
4
2 
0
8 
1  2  9  1  2 
ANSWER = 12,912
(4)
TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  1  1  
5
4 
0
8 
4
6 
3
4 
2
7 
1  7  8  5 
ANSWER = 1785
PROBLEM SET 11
Subtract:
(1) 8,57,513 – 4,82,256
L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  1  
8
4 
5
8 
7
2 
5
2 
1
5 
3
6 
3  7  5  2  5  7 
ANSWER = 3,75,257
(2) 13,17,519 – 10,07,423
TL  L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  
1
1 
3
0 
1
0 
7
7 
5
4 
1
2 
9
3 
3  1  0  0  9  6 
ANSWER = 3,10,096
(3) 68,34,501 – 23,57,823
TL  L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  1  1  1  
6
2 
8
3 
3
5 
4
7 
5
8 
0
2 
1
3 
4  4  7  6  6  7  8 
ANSWER = 4,476,678
(4) 45,43,827 – 12,05,938
TL  L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  1  1  
4
1 
5
2 
4
0 
3
5 
8
9 
2
3 
7
8 
3  3  3  7  8  8  9 
ANSWER = 3,337,889
(5) 70,12,345 – 28,64,547
TL  L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  1  1  1  1  
7
2 
0
8 
1
6 
2
4 
3
5 
4
4 
5
7 
4  1  4  7  7  9  8 
ANSWER = 41,47,798
(6) 38,01,213 – 37,54,648
TL  L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  1  1  1  
3
3 
8
7 
0
5 
1
4 
2
6 
1
4 
3
8 
0  0  4  6  5  6  5 
ANSWER = 46,656
PROBLEM SET 12
(1) Prathamesh wants to buy a laptop worth 27,450 rupees. He has 22,975 rupees. What is the amount he still needs to be able to buy the laptop ?
The price of the laptop = 27,450 rupees
He has =22,975 rupees
So subtracting the value,
TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  1  
2
2 
7
2 
4
9 
5
7 
0
5 
4  4  7  5 
ANSWER = Prathamesh needs 4,475 rupees more.
(2) A company produced 44,730 scooters in a certain year and 43,150 in the next. How many more scooters did they produce in the previous year ?
The number of scooters produced in previous year = 44,730
The number of scooters produced in next year = 43,150
So subtracting the next year’s production from previous year,
TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  
4
4 
4
3 
7
1 
3
5 
0
0 
0  1  5  8  0 
ANSWER = 1,580 more scooters were produced in previous year.
(3) In a certain city, the number of men is 16,37,856 and the number of women is 16,52,978. By how many does the number of women exceed the number of men ?
The total number of men = 16,37,856
The total number of women = 16,52,978
Subtracting the number of men from the numer of women,
TL  L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  
1
1 
6
6 
5
3 
2
7 
9
8 
7
5 
8
6 
0  0  2  5  1  2  2 
ANSWER = total number of 15,122 women exceeds the the number of men.
(4) An organization decided to collect 25,00,000 rupees for a certain project. They collected 26,57,340 through donations and other kinds of aid. By how much did they exceed their target ?
the target for project = 25,00,000 rupees
the collected amount = 26,57,340 rupees
subtracting the previous target from the total collection,
TL  L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
2
2 
6
5 
5
0 
7
0 
3
0 
4
0 
0
0 
1  5  7  3  4  0 
ANSWER = they exceed their target by 1,57,340 rupees.
(5) Use the numbers 23,849 and 27,056 to make a subtraction problem. Solve the problem.
Subtracting the number,
TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  
2
2 
7
3 
0
8 
5
4 
6
9 
0  3  2  0  7 
ANSWER = 3,207
PROBLEM SET 13
(1) The Forest Department planted 23,078 trees of khair, 19,476 of behada besides trees of several other kinds. If the Department planted 50,000 trees altogether, how many trees were neither of khair nor of behada ?
Total trees planted = 50,000
Number of khair trees = 23,078
Number of behada trees = 19,476
So total number of khair and behada trees (23,078+19,476)
TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  1  
2
1 
3
9 
0
4 
7
7 
8
6 
4  2  5  5  4 
There are total number of 42,554 khair and behada trees.
Substracting the total number of khair and behada trees from the total number of trees planted (50,00042,554)
TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  1  1  
5
4 
0
2 
0
5 
0
5 
0
4 
0  7  4  4  6 
ANSWER = 7,446 trees were neither khair and behada
(2) A city has a population of 37,04,926. If this includes 11,24,069 men and 10,96,478 women, what is the number of children in the city ?
Total number of men = 11,24,069
Total number of women = 10,96,478
The population of the city = 37,04,926
Adding the total number of men and women (11,24,069+10,96,478)
TL  L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  1  1  
1
1 
1
0 
2
9 
4
6 
0
4 
6
7 
9
8 
2  2  2  0  5  4  7 
The total number of men and women = 22,20,547
Subtracting the total number of men and women from the total population (37,04,92622,20,547)
TL  L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  1  
3
2 
7
2 
0
2 
4
0 
9
5 
2
4 
6
7 
1  4  8  4  3  7  9 
ANSWER = The total number of children is 14,84,379.
(3) The management of a certain factory had 25,40,600 rupees in the labour welfare fund. From this fund, 12,37,865 rupees were used for medical expenses, 8,42,317 rupees were spent on the education of the workers’ children and the remaining was put aside for a canteen. How much money was put aside for the canteen ?
Total money of labour welfare fund = 25,40,600 rupees
Money used for medical expenses = 12,37,865 rupees
Money spent on education of the workers’ children = 8,42,317 rupees
Adding the money used for medical expenses and education of the workers’ children (12,37,865 + 8,42,317)
TL  L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  1  1  
1

2
8 
3
4 
7
2 
8
3 
6
1 
5
7 
2  0  8  0  1  8  2 
Total money spent for medical expenses and education of the workers’ children = 20,80,182
Subtracting the money spent from the total amount
(25,40,600 – 20,80,182)
TL  L  TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  1  
2
2 
5
0 
4
8 
0
0 
6
1 
0
8 
0
2 
0  4  6  0  4  1  8 
ANSWER = 4,60,418 rupees was put aside for the canteen.
(4) For a threeday cricket match, 13,608 tickets were sold on the first day and 8,955 on the second day. If, altogether, 36,563 tickets were sold in three days, how many were sold on the third day ?
Tickets sold first day = 13,608
Tickets sold on second day = 8,995
Adding the total number of tickets sold on first and second day (13,608+8,995)
TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  1  1  1  
1  3
8 
6
9 
0
9 
8
5 
2  2  6  0  3 
The total number of tickets sold on first and second day =22,603
Total number of tickets sold in three days = 36,563
Subtracting the the total number of tickets sold in first two days from the total number of tickets sold (36,56322,603)
TTh  Th  H  T  U 
1  
3
2 
6
2 
5
6 
6
0 
3
3 
1  3  9  6  0 
ANSWER = Total number of tickets sold in third day is 13,960.
For More Solutions, Click Below:
Part One:
 Chapter 1 Roman Numerals
 Chapter 2 Number Work
 Chapter 4 Multiplication and Division
 Chapter 5 Fractions
 Chapter 6 Angles
 Chapter 7 Circles
Part Two: