Maharashtra Board Class 6 History Solution Chapter 5 – Religious Trends in Ancient India
Balbharati Maharashtra Board Class 6 History Solution Chapter 5: Religious Trends in Ancient India. Marathi or English Medium Students of Class 6 get here Religious Trends in Ancient India full Exercise Solution.
|Std||Maharashtra Class 6|
|Subject||History and Civics Solution|
|Chapter||Religious Trends in Ancient India|
2) (1) What were the teachings of Vardhaman Mahavir?
Ans. The essence of Mahavir’s teachings for good conduct is laid in Five great vows (Pancha Mahavratas) and the three jewels (Tri-ratna).
(3) What virtues are emphasized in Judaism?
Ans. Judaism emphasizes justice, truth, peace, love, compassion, humility, charity, ethical speech and self respect.
(4) What are the teachings of Christianity?
Ans. According to the teaching of Christianity , there is only one God. He is the loving father of all and is Omnipotent.
(5) What are the teachings of Islam?
Ans. The teaching of Islam is that Allah is eternal, absolute, all powerful and merciful.
(6) What is at the core of Parsee thinking?
and At the core of Parsee thinking are the main principles of the conduct, namely, good thoughts, good words and good deeds.
3) (1) Aryasatyas (Noble Truths): There are four truths at the root of all human affairs. They are called Noble Truths or aryasatyas.
(2) Panchasheel: Gautam Buddha asked people to follow five rules. Those rules are called Panchasheel.
-> Stay away from killing animals.
-> Stay away from stealing.
-> Stay away from unethical conduct.
-> Stay away from telling lies.
-> Stay away from intoxicants.
|Five Great Vows||Three Jewels|
|(1) Ahimsa||(1) Samyak Darshan|
|(2) Satya||(2) Samyak Juan|
|(3) Asteya||(3) Samyak Charitra|
(5) (1) Why was the name ‘Jina’ given to Vardhaman Mahavir?
(2) Why did Gautama Buddha came to be called the Buddha?
More Extra Questions –
Multiple choice questions: (marks:1)
1.) In Jainism there have been :
a.) 23 tirthankars
b.) 24 tirthankars
c.) 26 tirthankars
Ans: 24 tirthankars.
2.) Who was the founder of Buddhism:
a.) Gautama Buddha
b.) Vardhaman mahavir
c.) Jesus Christ
Ans: Gautama Buddha.
3.) Christianity was founded by:
b.) Gautama Buddha
c.) Jesus Christ
Ans: Jesus Christ.
4.) Gautama Buddha was born in:
5.) The prayer house of Islam is known as:
a.) Mosque/ masjid
Ans: mosque or masjid.
Answer the following questions: (marks:1)
1.) What was the name of Mahavir’s father and mother?
Ans: The name of his father was Siddharth and the name of his mother was trishala.
2.) Where does vardhaman mahavir was born?
Ans: vardhaman mahavir was born in kundagram, a part of Vaishali.
3.) Where does Gautama Buddha was born?
Ans: Gautama Buddha was born at Lumbini in Nepal.
4.) What was the name of Buddha’s father and mother?
Ans: The bane of this father and mother were suddhodana and mayadevi.
5.) Why did Gautama come to be known as Buddha?
Ans: Gautama acquired the knowledge of human life entirely. That is why he came to be known as Buddha.
6.) What is Church?
Ans: The prayer house of Christians is known as a church.
7.) What is the name of the holy book of Christians?
Ans: The holy book of Christians is known as the Bible.
8.) What is the holy book of Islam’s?
Ans: The Quran Sharif is the holy book of Islam’s.
9.) Who was the founder of zoroastrianism?
Ans: Zarathushtra or zoroaster was the founder of zoroastrianism.
10.) What was the name of the god of zoroastrianism?
Ans: Ahur Mazda was the name of the god of zoroastrianism.
Answer the following questions: (marks:2/3)
1.) Who was known as tirthankar?
Ans: Jainism is one of the ancient religions in India. According to the Jainism, a person who reveals religious knowledge is known as a Tirthankar. There have been 24 Tirthankars in jainism. Vardhaman Mahavir is the twenty fourth Tirthankar in the Jain religious tradition.
2.) Why mahavir is known as kevali?
Ans: vardhaman mahavir left his home and all comforts for the acquisition of knowledge. He attained enlightenment after twelve and a half years of rigorous tapa. This knowledge was pure or keval. Therefore, he is also known as Kevali.
3.) What is samavasaran ?
ans: The gathering held by the Tirthankar to preach to people was known as ‘Samavasaran’ in Ardhamagadhi ( a people’s language). Samavasaran was based on equality. People of all varnas had entered it.
4.) What is anekantavada theory?
Ans: Among all the teachings of Vardhaman Mahavir, Anekantavada is considered to be very important in the quest for truth. It means pluralism or multiple viewpoints. In the quest for truth, if one focus on only one or two aspects or viewpoints and draw conclusions, the whole truth is not known. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to all aspects of an issue. If people follow this, they develop tolerance towards the opinions of other people in society, and give up the attitude of stubborn adherence to their own opinions.
5.) What is ‘Bodhi’?
Ans: ‘Bodhi’ means enlightenment or the highest knowledge. Buddha left his home with all comforts to find the answers of his question that arose in his mind. He wanted to know why there is so much sorrow and suffering in human life. On Vaishakha Purnima, he was sitting in deep meditation under a pipal tree at Uruvela near the city of Gaya in Bihar. That is when he acquired ‘Bodhi’ -enlightenment or the highest knowledge. The tree is now known as the ‘Bodhi’ tree and the place Uruvela is known as Bodhgaya.
6.) What is Arya Satya?
Ans: Arya Satya was an important part of Buddhism. Gautama Buddha upholds that there are four truths at the root of all human affairs.
They are called Noble Truths or Aryasatyas. A.
- Dukkha: There is suffering in human life.
- The Cause of Dukkha : There is a cause of suffering.
- Dukkha-nivaran : It is possible to end suffering.
- Pratipad : Pratipad means the ‘way’. This way leads to the end of suffering.
7.) What is panchsheel?
Ans: Gautama Buddha asked
People follow five rules. The rules are called Panchsheel.
- Stay away from killing animals.
- Stay away from stealing.
- Stay away from unethical conduct.
- Stay away from telling lies.
- Stay away from intoxicants.
8) What are Bhikkhus and bhikkhunis?
Ans: Buddha created a sangha of bhikkhus to preach his religion. People who gave up their domestic life and entered the sangha were called bhikkhus. They also travelled on foot like the Buddha to preach dhamma to the people. There was a separate sangha of women called bhikkhunis.
9) What is Tri Ratna?
Ans: The three jewels or tri ratna are the three principles of Jainism.
a) Samyak Darshan : To understandthe truth in the preaching of the Tirthankar and to have faith in it.
b) Samyak Jnan : Studying the preaching and philosophy of the Tirthankar regularly and learning its deep meaning.
c) Samyak Charitra : Strictly following the Five Great Vows.
Answer the following questions: (marks:5)
1.) Who founded the theory of pancha Mahavratas ? Discuss about the pancha Mahavratas? (1+4=5)
Ans: vardhaman mahavir was the 24th tirthankar of jainism. He founded the theory of pancha Mahavratas of the five great vows.
The pancha Mahavratas:
The pancha Mahavratas or the five great vows are the five rules to be followed strictly:
- Ahimsa (Non-violence) : No living being should be hurt, injured or harmed through one’s behaviour.
- Satya (Truth) : Every speech and action should be true.
- Asteya (Non-stealing) : Asteya means theft. Taking what belongs to others without their consent is theft or stealing. Asteya means ‘not stealing’ anything.
- Aparigraha ( Non-attachment) : Man tends to accumulate property due to greed. Aparigraha means not hoarding or accumulating anything in this way.
- Brahmacharya (Chastity) : It means leaving bodily pleasures and following the vows.
2.) Ashtangika or eight fold path founded by whom? What were the eight fold paths? (1+4=5)
Ans: Ashtangik was founded by Gautama Buddha which leads to the good conduct and end of sufferings of human beings.
- Right View : The knowledge of the four noble truths.
- Right resolve : Giving up cruelty, etc.
- Right speech : Refrain from telling lies, telling tales, rude, harsh and meaningless speech.
- Right conduct : Stay away from killing animals, stealing and uncontrolled behaviour.
- Right livelihood : Using only the proper means of livelihood.
- Right effort : Making effort to avoid wrong acts, giving up wrong acts, undertaking and maintaining good acts.
- Right mindfulness : Being mindful to remove passions and concentrating on trying to understand one’s own feelings and mind.
- Right concentration : Experiencing deep meditation with concentration.
See below for more chapters solutions ⇓
- The Indian Subcontinent and History
- Sources of History
- The Harappan Civilization
- The Vedic Civilization
- Janapadas and Mahajanapadas
- India during the Maurya Period
- States after the Maurya Empire
- Ancient Kingdoms of the South
- Ancient India : Cultural
- Ancient India and the World