Maharashtra Board Class 6 History Solution Chapter 9 – Ancient Kingdoms of the South
Balbharati Maharashtra Board Class 6 History Solution Chapter 9: Ancient Kingdoms of the South. Marathi or English Medium Students of Class 6 get here Ancient Kingdoms of the South full Exercise Solution.
|Std||Maharashtra Class 6|
|Subject||History and Civics Solution|
|Chapter||Ancient Kingdoms of the South|
(1) Can you tell ?
(1) Their mothers name.
(5) (1) Cher, Pandya and Chola dynasties are mentioned in the literature out of many dynasties in South India.
(2) The local kings in Maharashtra, Andhra pradesh and Karnataka became independent after the decline of Maurya empire.
(6) (1) Mahendravarman was an able Pallava rule. He expanded the Pallava kingdom. The famous ‘ratha’ temples of Mahabalipuram were sculpted during his period. The pallavas had a powerful navy. During this period, internal and foreign trade flourished.
(2) Gautamiputra Satakarni is described as ‘Tri-Samudra-toya-peet-vahana’. The title means, ‘one whose horses have drunk the water of three seas’. The three seas are the Arabian sea, Bay of Bengal and Indian ocean.
(3) Muziris was the major centre for the export of spices, precious stoned, pearls, etc.
More Extra Questions –
Multiple choice questions: (marks:1)
1.) The cher,pandya and chola dynasties were in power around:
a.) Third century BCE
b.) Fourth century BCE
c.) First century BCE
Ans: Fourth century BCE.
2.) The vakataka dynasty was founded by:
a.) King vindhyashakti
b.) King simuk
c.) King gautamiputra satakarni
Ans: king vindhyashakti.
3.) Chalukya Dynasty rise in:
a.) Fourth century BCE
b.) Fifth century BCE
c.) Sixth century BCE
Ans: sixth century BCE.
4.) The founder of Chalukya Dynasty was:
a.) Pulakeshi one
b.) Mahendra varman
c.) Krishna raja one
Ans: pulakeshi one.
5.) ‘Ratha’ temples situated in:
Answer the following questions: (marks:1)
1.) Who was the founder of satavahana dynasty?
Ans: King simuka was the founder of satavahana dynasty.
2.) Write down the names of important trading centres of India during the satavahana dynasty?
Ans: Paithan,Ter,Bhokardan, Kolhapur were the important trading centres of India during the satavahana dynasty.
3.) ‘ Meghdoot’ was written by whom?
Ans: Meghdoot was written by kalidasa.
4.) Who composed ‘ setubandh’ in a prakrit language?
Ans: The vakataka king, pravarsen two composed setubandh in a prakrit language.
5.) What was the capital of the Chalukya dynasty?
Ans: Badami, earlier called as ‘ Vatapi’ was the capital of the chalukya dynasty.
6.) What was the capital of the pallava dynasty?
Ans: Kanchipuram in Tamil Nadu was the capital of the pallava dynasty
Answer the following questions: (marks:2/ 3)
1.) Who is described as ‘ Tri Samudra Toya Peet Vahan’?
Ans: Gautamiputra satakarni,one of the satavahana kings was described as ‘ Tri SamudraToya Peet Vahan’ . Where Toya means water . The title means ‘ one whose horses have drunk the water of three seas ‘. The three seas are the Arabian sea, the Bay of Bengal andthe Indian Ocean.
2.) What is ‘Gatha Saptashati’?
Ans: ‘ Gatha Saptashati’ was a famous poetic work composed by the satavahana kingHala.
It is in maharashtri,a prakrit language. This work provides information about the life of thepeople during the satavahana period.
3.) What do you know about ‘ Periplus of the Erythrean Sea’?
Ans: Periplus of the Erythrean Sea is a handbook of the Red Sea. It was written in the first century CE. The sailor who wrote it lived in Egypt. The periplus gives information about the trade that went on along the Indian coastline, the Persian Gulf and Egypt. Ports like Barygaza i.e. Badoch, Nala Sopara, Kalyan, Muziris are mentioned in the Periplus. Muziris was a port near Kochi in Kerala. This ancient port does not exist any more.
4.) What do you know about the Nane pass?
Ans: Naneghat or the Nane pass was the mountain pass, part of Junnar Murbad, joining Pune and Thane districts. This 5 km long road was built about two thousand years ago during the rule of the Satavahanas. It used to be one of the main trade routes between the Konkan coast and the Deccan Plateau. It was used for trade and transport.
Answer the following questions: (marks:5)
1.) Write down about the different dynasties that ruled ancient southern India?
- The Cher, Pandya and Chola dynasties: These dynasties were in power around the fourth century BCE or even before that. They find mention in the Ramayana and Mahabharata epics. They have also been mentioned in the ‘SangamLiterature’ in Tamil and in the inscriptions of the Maurya Emperor Ashoka.
- The Satavahana Dynasty: After the decline of the Maurya Empire, the local kings in Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka also became independent. They established small kingdoms of their own. One of these was the Satavahana dynasty. Pratishthanor the present day Paithan in Maharashtra was their capital. King Simuk was the founder of the Satavahana dynasty. kings were known to write their mother’s name before their own. For example, Gautamiputra Satakarni. Indian trade increased greatly during the Satavahana period.
- The Vakataka Dynasty The power of the Satavahanas began to weaken by the third century CE. Among the dynasties that raised after that, the Vakataka was a powerful dynasty. It was founded by the king ‘Vindhyashakti’.
- The Chalukya Dynasty: The Chalukya dynasty in Karnataka was a powerful one. The kingdoms of Kadamba, Kalachuri had become powerful after the decline of the Vakatakas. But the Chalukya kings established their dominance over all of them. Pulakeshi I established the rule of the Chalukya dynasty in the sixth century CE. His capital was Badami which was earlier called Vatapi.
- The Pallava dynasty: The Pallava dynasty was also a powerful dynasty in South India. Kanchipuram in Tamil Nadu was their capital. Mahendra Varman was a notable Pallavaruler. He expanded the Pallava kingdom.
- The Rashtrakuta Dynasty: Rashtrakuta dynasty extended from the Vindhya mountains up to Kanyakumari in the south. It was established in Maharashtra by king Dantidurga. These are the dynasties that ruled the ancient southern India.
See below for more chapters solutions ⇓
- The Indian Subcontinent and History
- Sources of History
- The Harappan Civilization
- The Vedic Civilization
- Religious Trends in Ancient India
- Janapadas and Mahajanapadas
- India during the Maurya Period
- States after the Maurya Empire
- Ancient India : Cultural
- Ancient India and the World