Karnataka State Board (KSEEB) Social Science History Class 7 Chapter 18 Karnataka – Economic and Social Transformation Exercise Question and Answer.
Q.1 Fill in the blanks with suitable words.
1.) B.D. Jatti was the Ex-President of India.
2.) In 1974 D.Devraj was the Chief Minister of Karnataka.
3.) In1975 L.G.Havanur was the First Chairman of Backward Classess Commission.
Q.2 Answer the following in two or three sentences each.
1) What are ‘land reforms’?
Answer – The measures implemented in order to solve the problems with regard to land holdings are called Land Reforms.
2) Which are the main land reforms implemented in Karnataka?
Answer – The Main Land Reforms Implemented in Karnataka are,
a) Abolotion of Zamindari Systems.
b) Reforms in the Tenancy Systems.
c) Maximum Limit on Landholdings.
d) Creations Of Economic holdings.
e) Development of Co-operative farming.
3) What is meant by ‘economic holdings’?
Answer – The land holdings which enable the cultivator to earn sufficient income for a comfortable life of his family after accounting for all his expenses, are called Economic holdings.
4) Why has the Karnataka government fixed the limit for the maximum area of land that can be owned by a family?
Answer – A family could have 54 acres of fertile land that had no facility of water. If the land had irrigation facility and more than one crop was being grown there, the family could have 10 to 18 acres. If it was irrigated land with only one crop being grown, each family could have maximum 27 acres
5) What is ‘co-operative farming’?
Answer – When the crop is harvested and sold, theyset aside money for long-term development of the land and divide the rest of the money among themselves. This is called ‘Co-operative Farming’.
6) How did the L.G.Havanur commission identify the backwardness of a community?
Answer – The percentage of students of different castes who passed in the S.S.L.C. examination in 1975 was taken as the criterion for determining the backwardness of those castes.
7) Why is the Panchayat Raj system significant?
Answer – Panchayat Raj system significant because it is defined as the decentralization of administration. It aims at giving authority to the local people to participate in administration and take decisions.
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