Parts Of Speech for Class 6 Rules, Examples

Parts Of Speech for Class 6

Get A to Z Rules and Examples on Parts Of Speech for Class 6 Students. Here in this page we provided all rules regarding Parts Of Speech Exercise for Standard 6 school students. Hope this article will help you to understand Parts Of Speech for Class 6.

Parts Of Speech for Class 6 English Grammar:

Words are divided into different kinds i.e. how they work in every sentences. These are Called parts of speech. There are 8 parts of speech

They are –

(i) Noun

(ii) Pronoun

(iii) Adjective

(iv) Verb

(v) Adverb

(vi) Preposition

(vii) Conjunction

(viii) Interjection

(I) Noun

A noun is a word that indicates the name of a person, thing or a place. For eg:

(i) Hari lives in Kolkata

(2) Mangoes taste sweet

(3) The river Brahmaputra is in Assam

* Noun includes a large number of categories.

They are (i) Common noun (ii) proper noun

(iii) Collective noun (iv) Abstract noun

(v) Countable & uncountable noun.

* Common noun –

Common noun is a noun which defines a class or a kind.

For eg: – Ashoka was a king.

* The name Ashoka refers to a particular king, but the word king defines any other or all kings as a whole, so it is a common noun.

(ii) Ravi is an extraordinary singer

* The word singer defines in the class or kind which includes in the common noun.

(iii) He has a cat named Juni.

** The word cat defines a whole class or a kind of animals i.e. common noun.

Proper noun –

A proper noun defines a particular person, a thing or a place.

For eg: (i) Kolkata is famous for the Hooghly river.

** The word Kolkata defines a particular place i.e. a proper noun.

(ii) I live in India.

** The word India defines a particular place.

(iii) Sita loves mangoes.

** The word Sita defines the name of a particular person.

Collective Noun –

Collective Noun defines a group of person or thing as a whole.

For eg. (i) The mall was full of crowd.

** The word crowd indicates a group of person as a whole.

(ii) Our class consists of many students

** The word class indicates a group of person as a whole.

Abstract Noun –

An abstract Noun defines certain qualities, action or state apart from the object to which it belongs.

For eg: (i) Honesty is the best policy.

** The word Honesty defines a certain quality which indicates abstract noun.

(ii) Laughter is the best medicine

** The word laughter defines a certain action

(iii) Childhood is the best part of our life.

** The word childhood indicates the state which defines abstract Noun.

Countable or Uncountable Noun –

Countable & uncountable nouns defines the name of objects that can be counted. Uncountable nouns define things that cannot be counted. They mainly define abstract things & substances.

Example of countable noun:

(i) Books, pens mangoes, poxes

Example of uncountable noun:

(i) Milk, gold, oil, etc.

(ii) Pronoun:

The pronoun is a world that is used instead of a noun.

Hari is a boy. Hari loves mangoes.

* Hari is a proper noun. Instead of using the word Hari twice we can use the word ‘he’. i.e. Hari is a boy, he loves mangoes.

** Pronouns are of two types:

(i) Personal pronouns

(ii) Impersonal pronouns

Personal pronouns – personal pronouns are ‘I’ ‘we’, ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’.

For eg – We love to play

She lives near our house.

Impersonal pronouns – impersonal pronouns is a pronoun that defines the same number, gender person as the stands for.

For eg – Sheela is a good girl. She helps everyone

* Hari loves painting. He paints beautifully.

* The word ‘it’ is also impersonal pronoun.

* It is raining

* It is certainly not yours

(III) Adjective

Adjective is a word used with a noun that describes or project out a person, animal, thing or quantity & quality.

For eg. – Sita is a lazy girl

He gave me two toffees

** The adjective lazy in the first sentence is used with the noun girl.

** In the second sentence the adjective two which quantity is used with the noun toffee.

Few examples of adjectives are

* Kolkata is a big city

* My teacher is an honest man

* I am afraid of dogs

(iv) Verb.

A verb is a word that defines the action or tells us something about a person or a thing.

For eg. – (i) He is laughing

(ii) She is painting

In the above sentences the verb ‘laughing’, ‘painting’ denotes what the person is doing.

For eg. – Ram is being called

The window is broken

In the above sentences the verb ‘called’ & ‘broken’ are being done to the person.

* Verbs are of two types. They are ‘transitive & intransitive verbs.

(V) Adverb.

An adverb is a word that modifies the action or the meaning of the adjective, or verb

For eg – (1) Sunil works fast

(2) The mangoes are very sour

(3) Anil speaks quite fluently

* In the given sentences no. 1 (Fast) Shows how the person walks, i.e. it describes or modifies the verb walk’

* In the sentence no 2. (Very) describes how much, or to which degree the mangoes are sour i.e. very modifies the adjectives sour.

* Similarly in the 3rd sentence (Quite) defines to what extent Anil can speak fluently.

(vi) Preposition

(vii) Conjunction.

* A conjunction is a word that joins two sentences or words together.

For eg: (i) My grandmother made the garden And I planted the flowers.

(ii) Hari and Ram come to school together

(iii) She must read or she will fail.

(iv) Ten and ten makes twenty.

* In the above sentence 1 (and) the conjunction is going two sentences.

* In the sentence 2 (and) the conjunction is joining words.

* In the sentence 3 (or) the conjunction is joining 2 sentences.

* Similarly in sentences 4 (and) the conjunction is joining two words.

(VIII) Interjection

* Interjection is a word that expresses sudden emotion or expressions.

For eg – Hello! how do you do?

Alas! We lost the match

Hurray! We won the match

* Words such as hello, Alas, Hurray etc.

Updated: May 17, 2021 — 9:23 pm

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