Maharashtra Board Class 9 English Solution Chapter 2.4 – The Fall of Troy
Balbharati Maharashtra Board Class 9 English Solution Chapter 2.4: The Fall of Troy. Marathi or English Medium Students of Class 9 get here The Fall of Troy full Exercise Solution.
|Maharashtra Class 9|
The Fall of Troy
Part I Solution
Answer the following question:
Q. How were epics transmitted from generation to generation?
Ans: It is thought that these great epics arose and developed with the nation itself and were handed down from singer to singer, until one great poet gave them their final form.
Q. Have you seen any of these stories in TV serials or movies?
Ans: Yes, I have seen the Ramayana and the Mahabharata as TV serials and Troy as a movie.
Q. Who are considered to be the authors of the epics “Ramayana” and “Mahabharata” respectively?
Ans: As said by the historians, the great epic, ‘Ramayana’ was written by sage Valmiki and the ‘Mahabharata’ was believed to be authored by great guru ‘Guru Ved Vyas’ and penned by ‘Lord Sri Ganesha’.
Q. Why is Homer honored with the title ‘Father of European Poetry’?
Ans: It is believed that ‘The Iliad’ and ‘The Odyssey’ were composed by a blind poet named ‘Homer’, who used to wonder from one Greek city to other singing his poems to all who would receive him with love. Homer has been honored through the ages, not only in Greece, but all Europe as the ‘Father of European Poetry’.
Q. How did the location of Troy help it to grow into a very rich, prosperous city?
Ans: Troy was a beautiful city, which was situated right in front of the sea, and at the back of the city rose the high peak of Mount Ida, from which followed many rivers and streams. The valley was well fertile because of these water bodies.
Q. How were the Torjans protected during war time?
Ans. Torjans had built strong walls so that no enemy should attack them from the sea. The city was like a strong fortress, quite safe from all attacks.
Q. What was the cause of the ten years old war between the Greeks and the Torjans?
Ans. All the Kings and heroes of Greece had declared war against the Torjans, because Paris, a prince of Troy, had persuaded Helen, wife of Greek king Menelaus, to elope with him. The Greeks wanted to seek revenge on Troy for the wrong done to Menelaus.
Q. Find the story of why Helen was persuaded by Goddess Aphrodite to elope with Paris.
1.) Read the passage and name the following:
a) He composed the Iliad and Odyssey. Homer
b) He persuaded Helen to elope with him. Prince Paris
c) She was the wife of King Menelaus. Helen
d) He led the defense of Troy for nine years. Hector
e) He was killed by a poisoned arrow, that entered his heel. Achilles
2.) Find the antonym of the following from the passage:
a) Barren – Fertile
b) Offended – Pleased
c) Cowardly – Bravely
d) Peace – War
e) Surrender – Seize
f) Exposed – Shut up
g) Defenseless – Well protected
3.) From other sources find synonyms of the following words used in the story:
a) Great (Hero) – Victor/ Chevalier
b) Beautiful (woman) – Enticing
c) Fight (verb) – Lock horns
d) Rich (city) – Prosperous
e) Safe – Guarded
f) Strong (city) – Fort
g) Brave – Gutsy
4.) Correct the following sentences using facts from the passage:
a.) Troy traded in cattle and grass, with other cities.
Correct Answer: Troy traded in goods and grains with other cities.
b.) During war, Torjans jumped over the fort gates to fight the enemy.
Correct Answer: Instead, they came out of the open fort gates during the war to fight the enemies.
c.) Helen eloped with Menelaus.
Correct Answer: Helen eloped with Prince Paris.
d.) Troy was attacked because it was a strong, rich city.
Correct Answer: Troy was attacked by Greeks, because a Torjans Prince Paris persuaded Helen, wife of Greek King Menelaus to elope with him.
e.) The Greek enemies and heroes always defeated the Torjans.
Correct Answer: The war continued for ten long years and no one was able to seize each other.
f.) Both the enemies were eager to continue fighting.
Correct Answer: Both the enemies were tired of fighting but no one was ready to surrender.
g.) The great heroes avoided one another.
Correct Answer: The great heroes fought with each other, even single handedly.
h.) Achilles was killed by an arrow that pierced his heart.
Correct Answer: He was killed by a poisonous arrow that pierced his heel.
5.) State the counter action for the following actions:
a.) Helen eloped with Paris.
Counter Action: The Greek heroes and King declared war against the Torjans.
b.) The Greeks sailed to Troy and attacked it.
Counter Action: The Torjans fought hard and the seize continued for ten long years.
c.) Hector was killed by Achilles.
Counter Action: Later, Achilles himself was killed by a poisoned arrow that entered his heel.
d.) The seize continued for ten long years.
Counter Action: Both Greeks and Torjans were tired and fed up, still the war continued.
6.) From either of two Indian epics, find out which battle/war was lasted the longest? Write down about its cause, the enemy armies, its heroes, its duration and the final outcome.
Ans: MAHABHARAT- Fought on the battlefields of Kurukshetra lasted for eighteen days.
a) Cause- Conflict arose from a dynastic succession struggle between two groups of cousins- Kauravas and Pandavas, later the conflict turned into a crusade (Dharma Yudh)
b) Enemy Armies- Kauravas
c) Heroes- Pandavas (Yudhisthir, Bheem, Arjun, Nakul and Sahadev) with Lord Krishna on their side
d) Duration- Eighteen days
e) Final Outcome- Victory of Pandavas (Victory of good over Evil)
7) Complete the following sentences with reference to the passage:
a) Epics are long poems that relate the deeds of great national heroes or a great national war.
b) They may be sung and composed or recited for many years before they are actually written down.
c) Nobody knows for certain who the author of these early epics are.
d) It is believed that poet named Homer who lived about 900 BC and who wandered from one Greek city
e) to another singing his poems to all, who would receive him in their homes and give him hospitality.
At the back the high peak of Mount Ida, from which
Part II Solution
Q.) How did Odysseus plan to defeat the Torjans?
Ans: He planned to build a huge wooden house so that some of their best fighters can hide inside the house and the big wooden horse will be kept on the gate of Troy.
Q.) What was the reason for Troy to rejoice and celebrate?
Ans: Torjans rejoiced and celebrated as they thought that finally the war was over and the seize had ended. They thought so, as they saw the burnt tents and deserted shores.
Q.) Was it enough to use the wooden horse to hide?
Ans: Yes, the horse was built big enough to hide the best warriors of Greece like Menelaus, Odysseus and the skillful engineer himself entered inside it.
Q.) What was done to make the Torjans take it inside the city?
Ans: As Odysseus planned, they left behind a soldier tied to the base of the horse and the soldier persuades the Torjans to drag the horse in their city through the main gate. The soldier made up a story and told them that the horse was an offering to the God of the sea and that he was also an offering to be sacrificed to the God of sea, but he escaped and saved his life. The soldier was successful in convincing the Torjans, they then broke down part of their strong wall and dragged the horse in, in a belief that the good luck with the horse will enter the city of Troy.
Q.) How the cunning Greek explain the presence of such a large wooden horse?
Ans: The cunning Greek made the Torjans believe that the large wooden horse was made as an offering to the God of sea as they were afraid of the long voyage to go back to Greek.
Q.) Do you think the Greek and the Torjans were superstitious? Give reason for your answer.
Ans: This is a very old story. People during that time tend to be superstitious, but here in this epic, the Greeks were rather more clever and cunning, than superstitious. But the Greeks knew that the Torjans are quite superstitious and used the story and trick of the wooden horse to make them believe their story and get entry into the fort of Troy.
Q.) What reckless, thoughtless step did the Torjans take?
Ans: Believing the story of the cunning Greek soldier, the Torjans thought of breaking don apart of their strong wall to drag the horse in.
Q.) How did the Greeks enter the city of Troy?
Ans: The Greek soldier, who was left behind, crept slowly to the wooden horse and gave them signals as well as the Greek fleet to return back to the shore, with his signal they came back and the other brave Greek soldiers who were hiding inside the horse came out. They opened the gates of the fort of Troy and the whole Greek army entered the city.
Q.) How did the Greek ships remained hidden from Troy?
Ans: They remained hidden from Troy by lowering their sails and dropping their anchors behind an island away from the shore.
Q.) What was the destiny of the royal family of Troy and that of Helen?
Ans: Old King Priam was killed with all his brave sons. Hector’s wife and his old mother and sister were carried off as slaves by the conquers. Helen was ashamed when she faced her former husband Menelaus. He forgave her, and took her back home with him.
Q.) How could the fall of Troy have been avoided?
Ans: If they would have listened to their wise priest, who warned them not to break down the wall and drag in the horse, it could destroy Troy, the fall off Troy could have been avoided and if the Torjans would not have believed, whatever the cunning Greek said, they could have saved cell their lives.
1.) Find and write the Greek and Torjan names used in the story (Part I and II).
Ans: Torjan names – Prince Paris, King Priyam, Hector
Greek names – Helen, Menelaus, Achilles, Odysseus and Agamemnon
2.) List all the words related to war from both parts of the story.
Ans: Strong fortress, enemy, attack, brave soldiers, heroes, revenge, seize, fought, battle, armies, arrow, wounded, victory, kill, weapons, armor.
3.) Put the following events in order in which they took place. Number them accordingly.
Ans: a) The Torjans found a Greek man under the big wooden horse. (6)
b) They broke down the part of wall and brought the horse in. (8)
c) The cunning Odysseus thought of a plan. (1)
d) The Greek burnt their tents and sailed away. (4)
e) Troy was burnt down. (12)
f) The Greek built a big wooden box. (2)
g) The great heroes hide inside the box. (3)
h) The priest warned the Torjans not to break the wall. (7)
i) The Torjans were happy to see the Greek ships go. (5)
j) The Torjans slept soundly. (9)
k) The Greek came out of the horse and opened the gates. (10)
l) The Greek army entered the city. (11)
Identify one example of a main clause and one example of a dependent clause from page 46.
Ans: Many of the Torjans were killed before they could put on their armor.
Main Clause – Many of the Torjans were killed.
Dependent Clause – Before they could put on their armor.