Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Geography Solutions Chapter 8 Pdf
Tamilnadu Board Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Geography Solutions Chapter 8: Tamilnadu State Board Solution Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 8 – Disaster Management Responding To Disasters.
Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Geography Solutions Chapter 8: Overview
|Social Science (Geography)|
Disaster Management : Responding To Disasters
Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Geography Solutions Chapter 8 Disaster Management Responding To Disasters
I.) Choose the correct answer
1.) One among the following is not the first responder in case of a disaster.
a.) police officers
c.) insurance agents
d.) emergency medical technicians
Answer: Insurance agents
2.) ‘Drop, Cover, Hold’ is a mock drill a vowal for
3.) When you happen to see a fire break out, you will make a call to
4.) Which of the following statements is untrue?
a.) ‘Stop, Drop, Roll’ is for fire.
b.) ‘Drop, Cover, Hold’ is for an earthquake.
c.) ‘If sea, water recedes back, run to higher places’ is for flood.
d.) ‘If gunshots are heard, drop to the ground and cover the head with hand’ is for riot.
Answer:c. ‘If sea water recedes back, run to higher places’ is for flood. This statement is untrue.
5.) Which of the following statements belongs to responding to earthquake?
a.) Avoid, any place where police or security forces action is in progress.
b.) Know the height of your street above sea level and the distance of your street from the coast.
c.) Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls and anything that could fall.
d.) Before opening a door, feel it with the back of your hand.
Answer:c. “Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls and anything that could fall.” This statement belongs to responding to earthquake.
II.) Answer in brief
1.) Who are the community’s first responders to disaster?
Answer: Firefighters, police officers and emergency medical technicians are the first responders of the disaster.
2.) Though Japan has the densest seismic network, Indonesia has themost numbers of earthquakes. Why?
Answer: Indonesia settled on very active and larger seismic zone hence it faces most numbers of earthquakes.
3.) How many males and females die per day due to fire in India?
Answer: 21 males and 42 females die every day in India due to fire.
4.) What should you do after a Tsunami?
Answer: You should follow following instructions after Tsunami.
i) You need to use weather radio for weather updates continuously. Coast Guard emergency frequency station or a local radio or television station could be useful for emergency information.
ii) You should look after injuries and get the first aid. It is also necessary to help other injured or trapped people.
iii) You should call professionals and rescue people and arrange right equipment for help.
iv) You should help people who require special assistance like infants, elderly people, those without transportation, large families who may require help in emergency situation, people with disabilities and the people who care for them.
v) If the water remains around you should stay out of the building. Water remained after Tsunami can undermine foundations and building can collapse partially or totally.
vi) Check if there are gas leaks, or if you smell gas or hear a blowing or hissing noise open windows and get everyone outside quickly.
III.) Answer in Paragraph
1.) Write a short note on Tsunami.
Answer: Tsunami is series of enormous ocean waves formed due to earthquakes, underwater landslides, volcanic eruptions or asteroids. The speed of such waves is 700 to 800 km/hour. And these waves could be 10 meters to 30 meters high. These waves can affect in the form of flooding, disrupts transportation, power, communications and water supply.
In the response of Tsunami it is necessary to take following steps.
i) Find out home, school, workplace or any other frequently visiting locations along with the sea-shore.
ii) Plan evacuation path from the place you are.
iii) For weather updates and warnings use weather radio or stay tuned to local radio or TV.
iv) To aware everyone discusses about tsunami, it will give an idea about the situation and dos and don’ts hence everyone will be aware of the situation and can help each other.
What to do after Tsunami
i) After Tsunami keep tuning weather radio and be updated.
ii) Try to medicate yourself if injured and also help other injured or trapped people.
iii) In the condition of rescue people call professionals with the right equipment to help.
iv) Provide special attention to infants, elderly people, those without transportation, large families who may need additional help in an emergency situation. People with disabilities and the people who care for them also need to consider.
v) Stay away from the building in which water remained, it could sink the building.
vi) Pay attention to the gas leaks, if you smell gas or hear a blowing or hissing noise open the window and get everyone out quickly.
2.) What do you do if you are indoors during an earthquake?
Answer: Earthquake happens when sudden vibration of the part of the earth causes plate movement. There is list of activities to do during an earthquake for the safety in indoor.
i) DROP to the ground; cover yourselfunder table or any furniture you find around. Stay under the furniture until the earth stops shaking. Cover your head and face using your arms and crouch in at corner of the building.
ii) By staying under the lintel of an inner door it is possible to protect yourself.
iii) It is always safe to stay away from the glass windows, outside doors and walls; otherwise, it could be harmful.
iv) If you find the safe place then stay wherever you are until the shaking stops and then go outside.
3.) How do you respond to Tsunami?
Answer: In the response of Tsunami following steps need to be taken.
i) Firstly, you have to find the place like school, home, workplace or anything like this along with the sea-shore when tsunami strikes.
ii) Implement plan of evacuation routes and risky places from your home, school, workplace or any place you are staying at the time.
iii) Keep using weather radio or local radio or television station for updates and warnings.
iv) Discuss tsunami strategy and response plan with family and aware them it could help when tsunami strikes. Planning reduce fear and save precious time in the emergency. Review flood safety and take precautionary measures with family.
4.) Write three sentences about what to do during fire.
Answer: In the situation of fire, you have to make evacuation plan of the building. Evacuation should take place calmly and quickly once alarm or carbon monoxide alarm rings. If you encounter smoke during evacuation stay low to the floor. Be informed about outside rally point for your building. Also know the locations of fire extinguishers, fire alarm pull stations and exits.