Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Civics Solutions Chapter 1 Pdf

Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Civics Solutions Chapter 1 Pdf

Tamilnadu Board Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Civics Solutions Chapter 1: Tamilnadu State Board Solution Class 9 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 – Forms of Government and Democracy.

Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Civics Solutions Chapter 1: Overview

Board

Samacheer Kalvi
Class

9

Subject

Social Science (Civics)
Chapter

8

Chapter Name

Forms of Government and Democracy


Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Civics Solutions Chapter 1 Forms of Government and Democracy

I.) Choose the correct answer

1.) A system of government in which one person reigns supreme, usually a king or queen, is called Monarchy.

(a) autocracy

(b) monarchy

(c) democracy

(d) republic

2.) A system of government with absolute power is Autocracy.

(a) Aristocracy

(b) Theocracy

(c) Democracy

(d) Autocracy

3.) Former Soviet Union is an example for Oligarchy.

(a) aristocracy

(b) theocracy

(c) oligarchy

(d)republic

4.) Select the odd one.

(a) India

(b) USA

(c) France

(d) Vatican

Answer:Vatican

5.) Abraham Lincoln was the President of the USA.

(a) USA

(b) UK

(c) USSR

(d) India

6.) Kudavolai system was followed by Cholas.

(a) Cheras

(b) Pandyas

(c) Cholas

(d) Kalabhras

7.) Direct Democracy in olden times existed in the city-state of ancient Greece.

(a) In the republics of ancient India

(b) Among the USA

(c) In the city-state of ancient Greece

(d) Among the UK

8.) From which language was the term “Democracy” derived?

(a) Greek

(b) Latin

(c) Persian

(d)Arabic

Answer: Greek.

9.) In democracy the final authority rests with the people.

(a) The Parliament

(b) The People

(c) The council of Ministers

(d) The President

10.) Which one of the country has Presidential form of government.

(a) India

(b) Britain

(c) Canada

(d) USA

Answer:USA.

11.) The largest democratic country in the world is India.

(a) Canada

(b) India

(c) USA

(d) China

12.) Assertion (A): Direct democracy is practised in Switzerland.

Reason (R): People directly participates in decision making.

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) explains (A)

(b) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) does not explain (A)

(c) (A) is correct and (R) is false

(d) (A) is false and (R) is true

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) explains (A)

13.) Assertion (A): India has parliamentary form of democracy.

Reason (R): Indian parliament comprises two houses.

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) explains (A)

(b) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) does not explain (A)

(c) (A) is correct and (R) is false

(d) (A) is false and (R) is true

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) explains (A)

14.) The meaning of Franchise is Right to vote.

(a) Right to elect

(b) Right to vote for the poor

(c) Right to vote

(d) Right to vote for the rich

15.) The grant of universal franchise creates Political equality.

(a) Social equality

(b) Economic equality

(c) Political equality

(d) Legal equality

16.) Prime Minister of India is appointed by President.

(a) Lok Sabha

(b) Rajya Sabha

(c) Speaker

(d) President

17.) The President of India can nominate 12 members to Rajya Sabha.

(a) 12 members to Lok Sabha

(b) 2 members of Rajya Sabha

(c) 12 members to Rajya Sabha

(d) 14 members of Rajya Sabha

18.) The First general elections after independence in India were held in 1951-52.

(a) 1948-49

(b) 1951-52

(c) 1957-58

(d) 1947-48

II.) Fill in the blanks

1.) The Constitution of India was finally adopted on 26th November, 1949.

2.) The two types of democracy are Direct Democracy and Indirect Democracy.

3.) An example for direct democracy is Switzerland.

4.) India has a parliamentaryform of democracy.

5.) Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of independent India.

6.) The first general elections were held in British India in the year 1920.

7.) The Parliament House in India was designed by Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker.

III.) Match the following

Answers

1.) Autocracy – North Korea

2.) Right to vote – 18

3.) Chanakya – Arthashastra

4.) Theocracy – Vatican

IV.) Give short answers

1.) Give Abraham Lincoln’s definition for democracy.

Answer: According to Abraham Lincoln democracy is, “A government of the people, by the people and for the people.”

2.) Mention the forms of democracy.

Answer:There are two forms of democracy

i) Parliamentary form of government: It divided into three forms

a) Electorate

b) Legislature

c) Executive

ii) Presidential form of Government: It also have sub divisions

a) Electorate: Electorate divides in

1) Executive

2) Legislature

3.) Distinguish between direct and indirect democracy.

Answer: There are two types of democracy direct and indirect.

i) Direct Democracy: In this form of democracy people directly express themselves on public affairs. It considered pure form of democracy hence also known as Pure democracy. Ancient Greek city states, Switzerland are some of the examples of direct democracy.

ii) Indirect Democracy: In this form of democracy people express themselves through elected representatives hence the government called indirect democracy, this form also known as representative democracy. Countries like India, USA and UK are examples of indirect democracy.

V.) Answer in detail

1.) What are the challenges to Indian democracy? explain.

Answer: Democracy is dominant among many contemporary worlds. Democracy is expanded all over world but still many democratic countries facing internal issues. India is facing following challenges in the context of democracy.

  1. Illiteracy
  2. Poverty
  3. Gender discrimination
  4. Regionalism
  5. Casteism, communalism and religious fundamentalism
  6. Corruption
  7. Criminalisation of politics
  8. Political violence

2.) Explain the conditions necessary for the success of democracy in India.

Answer: Following conditions are necessary for the success of democracy in India.

  1. It is necessary to empower poor and illiterates so they can enjoy the goodness of democracy.
  2. Political power or position should not be misused by the elected people.
  3. Social evils and dangers should be eradicated from which democracy suffers.
  4. Press should be impartial and efficient so they can form public opinion.
  5. There should be feeling of tolerance and communal harmony among the people.
  6. People should be aware about they fundamental rights which they are entitled.
  7. Elected representative must be monitored consciously.
  8. Opposition should be powerful and responsible.

3.) What is your opinion about democracy in India?

Answer: The democracy is good for the people and it is necessary to maintain it. We can make our country better if we follow our duties with honesty. We can not forget that many people die to get freedom and made this country better hence we should also keep our country before anything else.

Updated: July 20, 2021 — 11:29 pm

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