Maharashtra Board Class 9 History Solution Chapter 8 – Industry and Trade
Balbharati Maharashtra Board Class 9 History Solution Chapter 8: Industry and Trade. Marathi or English Medium Students of Class 9 get here Industry and Trade full Exercise Solution.
|Maharashtra Class 9|
History and Political Science Solution
Industry and Trade
1.) (A) Choose the correct option from the given options and complete the statements.
(1) In 1948, Industrial Finance Corporation of India was formed for ……
(a) better development of the industrial sector. (b) making available long term loans to industrial projects. (c) generating employment (d) determining the quality of finished goods.
Ans) (b) making available long term loans to industrialprojects.
(2) ……. industry in India is called as the ‘Sunrise Sector’.
(a) Jute (b) Automobile (c) Cement (d) Khadi and village industries
(3) The major responsibility of the textiles committee is ………. .
(a) Production of cloth (b) Determining the quality standards of cloth (c) Export of cloth (d) Generate employment for people
Ans)(b) Determining the quality standards of cloth
(4) ……… is the major Indian city in the production of bicycles.
(a) Mumbai (b) Ludhiana (c) Cochi (d) Kolkata
(B) Identify and write the wrong pair.
(1) Industrial Finance Corporation of India – makes long term loans available for industrial projects.
(2) Industrial Development Corporation – development of industrial sector.
(3) Textiles Committee – welfare of weavers.
(4) Khadi and Village Industries Commission – promotion of industrialisation in rural areas.
Ans) (3) Textiles Committee – welfare of weavers.
2.(B) Write short notes on
(1) India’s imports and exports.
Ans) When goods and services are produced by one country but purchased by another country is called export system. Again purchasing of goods and services from foreign country is called import system. After the establishment of planning commission and due to industrial growth the requirement of industrial goods and raw material were highly increased in India. For that India started importing machines, iron, mineral oil, fertilisers, medicines etc. After independence in order to gain India gave impetus in exporting system. India started exporting tea, coffee, spices, cotton textiles, leather, footwear, pearls, precious stones, etc.
(2) The internal trade of India.
Due to internal trading India witnessed the development in the industrial sector. Commodities like coal, cotton, cotton textiles, rice, wheat, raw jute, iron, steel, oilseeds, salt, sugar, etc. are included in internal trade. For internal trading railways, waterways, roads, airways, etc. and ports like Mumbai, Kolkata, Cochi and Chennai are used. For this development many employment opportunities are now available which helps in the progress of the country.
3.) Explain the following statements with reasons.
1) The tourism industry has developed a lot in India.
Ans) The tourism industry has developed a lot in India because India is rich in cultural heritage. Here people can go to the different pilgrimage centres for worship of different religions. Again confluences of rivers, forts, caves, etc. are there in all over in our country.
(2) The quality of life and standard of living of Indian citizens is increasing
Ans) After the establishment of planning commission India has witnessed the development in the industrial sector. Simultaneously the speedy growth of importing ,exporting and internal trading system has put its impact on the overall development of the country. For this development many employment opportunities are now available which helps in the progress of the country. The quality of life and standard of living of Indian citizens has also increased.
4.) Answer the following questions in detail.
(1) What efforts are made by our government to promote agricultural industries?
Ans) Agricultural comes under primary sector and manyother tasks and industries are based on this. In fact it is major occupation in India. Seventy present of Indian society depends upon agricultural sector.To promote agricultural industries different efforts are made by our government. Modern techniques like drip irrigation, organic farming are started using for farming. loans are also giving to farmers through rural banks and cooperative institutions. PanchayatSamitis are organising study visits, agricultural outdoor trips and farmers’ get-togethers.The farmers are provided training regarding soil testing, nursery of fruit plants, pisiciculture, poultry, cattle and goat rearing, dairy farming, etc. Again modern tools and implements, seeds and fertilisers are also provided for development.
(2) How is employment generated in the tourism sector?
Ans) Employment is generated in the tourism sector by giving jobs to the people as a tourist guide for providing information about the places to the tourists. Again, in some remote and difficult tourist places local people are employed to help the tourists in return for a fee.
(3) Which industries in India are based on forests?
Ans) Industries like construction, paper, newsprint, silk, matchboxes, medicinal herbs, honey, lacquer and Paint industry in India are based on forests.