Maharashtra Board Class 9 History Solution Chapter 9 – Changing Life : 1
Balbharati Maharashtra Board Class 9 History Solution Chapter 9: Changing Life : 1. Marathi or English Medium Students of Class 9 get here Changing Life : 1 full Exercise Solution.
|Maharashtra Class 9|
History and Political Science Solution
Changing Life : 1
1.) Choose the correct option from the given options and complete the statements.
(1) The first open heart surgery under the leadership of Dr N Gopinathan was successfully performed in the city of ……
(a) Chennai (b) Vellore (c) Hyderabad (d) Mumbai
Ans) (b) Vellore
(2) ……. is known as the father of the ‘Jaipur foot’.
(a) Dr N. Gopinathan (b) Dr PramodSethi (c) Dr Mohan Rao (d) None of the above
Ans) (b) Dr PramodSethi
2.) Identify and write the wrong pair.
(1) Dr N. Gopinathan–open heart surgery
(2) Ramchandra Sharma – a skilled craftsman
(3) Dr Subhash Mukhopadhyaya – test tube baby
(4) Dr Mohan Rao – Kidney transplant
3.) Write short notes on
(1) The Institution of family
Ans) Family itself is a social institution. Before independence India was famous for its well-known feature i.e.-joint family and during the pre-independence period, the institution of the family was also an important identifying feature of Indian society. But the impact of globalisation has forced India to adapt the system of nuclear families.
(2) Jaipur foot technology
Ans) It was a great suffering to a person who had lost a leg in an accident before 1968 and he had to suffer for the rest of his life. With the help of the skilled craftsman Ramchandra Sharma, Dr Pramod Sethi designed and manufactured artificial limbs, noses and ears to get the remedy of this problem. Jaipur foot technology is the artificial body parts manufacturing institute because of which it was became easy for the differently abled to walk bare-foot on rough surfaces, run, go cycling, work in the fields, climb trees, and even climb mountains, etc. These feet are convenient while working in water or wet conditions and it has deducted the expenses on shoes as there is no need for footwear on these artificial limbs. Again after wearing this they can bend their legs at the knees and sit cross-legged.
Ans) Urbanisation is a process where the whole concentration of population depends on a city or urban area. The main factors of Urbanisation are-
- Increasing population in urban area.
- Suitable conditions such as air, water and the economic as well as social organisations necessary for growing populations.
- Again reduction in the mortality rate, industrialisation, unavailability of means of livelihood in rural areas, job opportunities in cities and the resulting migration are the other important factors of urbanisation.
(4) Changing economic life
Ans) Now a days the economic situation and the structure of economy has changed drastically. Earlier, farming was the base of all economic structure and a majority of the villagers were dependent on farming. They used to receive farm produced as payment for their work. But later, the work was being distributed between urban and rural people. Now Rural areas are engaged in agriculture and occupations ancillary to farming while urban society is engaged in non-agricultural production and the service sector.
4.) Explain the following statements with reasons.
(1) The campaign for pulse polio immunisation was taken up.
Ans) Before 1978, every six Indian infants out of 10 were the victim of fatal health problems in the very first year of their birth. They were the victim of many fatal disease like-polio, measles, tetanus, TB, diphtheria, and whooping cough. The ‘pulse polio’ immunisation programme started in 1995 to control polio.
(2) The Rural Water Supply scheme was started.
Ans) By seeing the growing population in the village area and to take care of the mass it was necessary to provide different types of facilities to the rural areas. The Rural Water Supply scheme was one of the development programmes which was started to provide piped water for sinking wells in the rural areas.
5.) Answer the following questions in detail.
(1) Which kinds of discrimination does the Constitution prohibit?
Ans) The Constitution OF India prohibited all kinds of discrimination based on religion, race, caste, gender or place of birth. All citizens are equal before law and they all get the opportunity to access equal law. Every citizen have the right to freedom of speech and expression, freedom to assemble peacefully without arms, freedom to form associations, freedom to move, to live and settle down anywhere on Indian territory and to practice any occupation. Moreover living anywhere in India enjoy the right to nurture their language, script and culture.
(2) What is the aim of the social welfare programme?
Ans) Indian society was struggling against so many problems like-economic, social, educational and cultural inequalities in a large scale. The social welfare programmes were started to provide equal facilities and rights to all citizens. The programmes were decided to look after people’s health, take care about the educational and social facilities for all the citizens irrespective of women, children, the differently abled, the scheduled castes and tribes as well as other minorities. The also aimed to provide full-time employment facilities for the overall growth of the country.
(3) What are the challenges facing rural development ?
Ans) Rural development is very much needed for the overall development of the country. Still It is facing many challenges. The major three challenges come into the path of rural development are-
- To bring economic changes for development.
- To provide developing facilities to meet social needs.
- The major challenge is to change the conservative attitude and ways of thinking of rural people concerning the matters of society, culture.