The Sentence

The Sentence

A group of words, that makes a complete meaning is called sentence. Always remember that a sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop (.) / A question mark (?) / Exclamatory mark (!).

Parts of Sentence

A sentence is made of two parts one is ‘Subject’ (The doer of the action in a sentence or what is being spoken about) & others is ‘Predicate’ (the part of the sentence that tells us about the subject).

Example: The tiger is the national animal of Bangladesh.

In the given sentence, the subject is ‘The tiger’ and the predicate ‘is the national animal of Bangladesh’, which tells us about the subject. Always remember that in predicate, except of verb is called an object.

Example: I Love Pizza.

Here the Subject is ‘I’, Verb is ‘Love’ and the object is ‘Pizza’.

Note:

The subject is placed before the predicate.

The predicate always has a verb (helping verb / main verb or both).

How many types of Sentence

Declarative Sentence; Interrogative Sentence; Imperative Sentence; Exclamatory Sentence.

What is Declarative Sentence

Sentence that make a statement are called Declarative Sentence. Declarative Sentence is also known as assertive sentence. They are two types (i) positive or called affirmative sentence (ii) negative sentence.

Example of Positive Sentence:

The children are playing with the pet dog.

The boy is playing football.

Example of Negative Sentence:

The children are not playing with the pet dog.

The boy is not playing football.

That’s mean in Negative Sentence must have form of ‘No’.

What is Imperative Sentence

The sentences that express a command, request, advice, suggestion, advice etc. are called Imperative Sentence.

Example:

Bring your work education tomorrow. (In this sentence seem to have only A verb + Object= predicate. The imperative sentence have a hidden subject –‘you’. So the actual structure of the above sentences is- You bring your homework tomorrow.

What is Interrogative Sentence

This sentence is used to ask questions. In the interrogative sentences, the auxiliary verb comes first and the subject follows it.

Example:

You are twenty five years old. (Declarative sentence)

Are you twenty five years old? (Interrogative sentence)

Here ‘are’ is the auxiliary verb; the subject ‘you’ follows it.

Remember that when we changed a declarative sentence to an interrogative sentence the position of auxiliary verb is come first and therefore the subject of a sentence is placed.)

Rusha paints a picture of rural areas. (Declarative sentence)

Does Rusha paint a picture of rural areas? (Interrogative sentence)

Here is no auxiliary verb in this sentence. But have a main verb ‘paints’. Remember that, If the main verb in a sentence is in simple present or simple past, do or does or did is placed at the beginning of a sentence to make it question. More Examples in below-

Mohit speaks Hindi at home. (Declarative sentence)

Here ‘speak’ is the main verb of this sentence. Speak is in the form of Simple Present. And here in the sentence- ‘s’ is added with the main verb, so according to the rules does is come first-

Does Mohit Speak Hindi at home?

What is Exclamatory Sentence

The sentences that express a strong feelings like surprise, admiration, appreciation and so on.

Example:

The Baahubali 2 is a great Indian cinema. (Declarative sentence)

What a great Indian cinema the Baahubali 2 is! (Exclamatory sentence)

Here in example ‘What’ helps to express a very strong admiration for the Baahubali 2 as a great Indian cinema. Some exclamatory expression used in exclamatory sentence are How / Hurrah (for Joy) / Alas (to express grief) / beware (to express warning) / help (to express fear) / Wow (to express appreciation) etc.

Remember that, in exclamatory sentence the complement is come first after exclamatory expression. Therefore the subject and verb is placed. More Example:

My collage has a fantastic faculty. (Declarative sentence)

What a fantastic faculty my collage has! (Exclamatory sentence)

Here ‘What’ is used as a exclamatory expression. Therefore the complement ‘a fantastic faculty’ come first. And then the subject ‘My collage’ come and after that the verb ‘has’ is come.


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