Maharashtra Board Class 9 History Solution Chapter 4 – Economic Development
Balbharati Maharashtra Board Class 9 History Solution Chapter 4: Economic Development. Marathi or English Medium Students of Class 9 get here Economic Development full Exercise Solution.
|Std||Maharashtra Class 9|
(1.) (A) Choose the correct option from the given options and complete the statements.
(1) On 19th July 1969 ………. major banks in India were nationalised.
(a) 12 (b) 14 (c) 16 (d) 18
Ans) b) 14
(2) ……… declared a 20 point programme.
(a) Pandit Nehru (b) Lal Bahadur Shastri (c) Indira Gandhi (d) P. V. Narsimha Rao
Ans) c) Indira Gandhi
(B) Identify and write the wrong pair.
(1) Kavasaji Davar – Textile Mill
(2) Dr Datta Samant – Leadership of mill workers
(3) N. M. Lokhande – Holiday for mill workers
(4) Narayan Survey – Depiction of lives of workers through poems
(2.) Complete the activity as per given instruction.
(A) Complete the following chart.
Five year plan Duration Purposes
First ……… 1951-1956 Agriculture, Social development
Second 1956-1961 Industrialisation
Third . …….. 1961-1966 Elimination of inequality, increasing the opportunities for employment, increase in national income ………
Fourth 1969-1974 Scientific research, health and family planning
Fifth ……… 1974-1979 to make India economically self-sufficient, removal of poverty, and provide all the facilities in each and every corner.
(B) Write short notes on-
(1) Mixed Economy
Ans) There are three types of Economy-capitalist, socialist, and mixed economy. In a capitalist system the means of production are privately owned and when the means of production are owned by the State in the name of the society is called socialist economy. Mixed economy takes the middle path. Here both the private and public sector works together. After independence our Prime Minister Pandit Nehru adopted the mixed economy. There are three parts in this mixed economy-
- Public Sector
- Private Sector
- Joint Sector
A mixed economy does not ignore the profit motive, entrepreneurship, discipline, time bound planning and it needs coordination between the private sector and the public sector.
(2) 20-point Programme
Ans) The 20-point programme was announced by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi on 1st July 1975 for the rapid development of the nation. The main provisions of the 20 point programme are as follows:
(1) The 20-point programme decides to ceillandfor cities and agricultural .It has also decided for the equal division of wealth, minimum wages for workers, increase in water conservation schemes.
(2) The programme demands workers’ participation in industry, national training scheme for them, and free bonded labour for industry.
(3) The programme has started for the prevention of tax evasion, economic crimes and smuggling.
(4) It started regulating the prices of basic necessities, improvements in the public distribution system.
(5) The programme also made schedule for the improvement in the textile industry by developing handloom sector. It also started waiving loans for weaker sections and housing, communication facilities, making educational equipment available to schools.
3.) (A) Explain the following statements with reasons.
(1) Independent India opted for mixed economy.
Ans) ) Independent India opted for mixed economy because this economy only give priority to national interest.Again to achieve economic development, the profit motive, entrepreneurship, discipline, time bound planning India adopted mixed type of economy rather than capitalist or socialist economy.
(2) Banks were nationalised in 1969.
Ans) Banks were nationalised in 1969 to make India self-reliant and to increase the speed of economic development. But due to Bangladesh War the Indian economy suffered a lot and the plan did not succeed as expected.
(3) Mill workers went on strike.
Ans) ) Mill workers went on strike because in 1980s, the economic conditions in other sectors are far better than textile industries. The wages of the workers were increasing and they were getting more amounts as bonus in other industries. In 1981, the workers were expected to get a Diwali bonus of 20% but they got 8 to 17% .And it was done by the negotiation between the Rashtriya Mill Mazdoor Sangh and the employers. The cut in the bonus proved to be the cause of unrest. Under the leadership of Dr Datta Samant workers of 65 mills came together and went on a strike on 18th January 1982.
(B) Answer the following questions in detail.
(1) Which programmes were started in the 8th five-year plan ?
Ans)Programmes , started in the 8th five-year plan were –
- Pradhanmantri Rozgar Yojana
- Mahila SamriddhiYojana
- Rashtriya Samajik, ArthikSahayyaYojana
- Midday Meal Scheme
- Indira Mahila Scheme
- Ganga Kalyan Scheme
(2) Which projects were started in the 2nd five-year plan ?
Ans) projects started in the 2nd five-year plan were-
- Iron and steel industries at Durgapur,
- Bhilai and Rourkela; Chemical fertilisers plant at Sindri;
- Rail engine factory at Chittaranjan;
- Factory of railway bogies at Perambur;
- Ship building factory at Vishakhapattanam
- Other heavy industries were set up in the Public Sector.
- Huge dams like Bhakra- Nangal, Damodar were alo setup.