Maharashtra Board Class 10 English Solution Chapter 2.6 – Science and Spirituality
Balbharati Maharashtra Board Class 10 English Solution Chapter 2.6: Science and Spirituality. Marathi or English Medium Students of Class 10 get here Science and Spirituality full Exercise Solution.
|Maharashtra Class 10|
Science and Spirituality
Q.) Get into pairs/groups and match the columns:
|COLOUMN A||COLOUMN B|
|(1) Science||(c) The intellectual and practical activities in a systematic study of structure and behaviour of the natural world through experiment and observation.|
|(2) Religion||(d) The belief in and worship of a superhuman controlling power God.|
|(3) Spirituality||(e) The quality of being more concerned with the human spirit as opposed to material or physical things.|
|(4) Philosophy||(a) The study of the basic nature of knowledge, reality and existence, especially as an academic subject.|
|(5) Theology||(b) The study of nature of God and religious belief.|
Q.)Given below are some incomplete Quotes. Complete them choosing from the words SCIENCE/RELIGION/SPIRITUAL and make them meaningful:
1.) Science without religion is lame; religion without science is blind.
2.) Science has outrun our spiritual power; we have guided missiles, but misguided man.
3.) On a spiritual journey, we all have the same destination.
4.) Religion is meant to awaken man’s love for his Source – God!
5.) Spirituality provides a means of with the Creator of Heaven and Earth, in the language of your heart and soul.
6.) Science is a beautiful gift to humanity; we should not distort it.
Q.) What’s the difference between science and technology?
Ans. Science is the process of researching and exploring new knowledge by studying different topics and then through observation and experiments. Whereas, technology is the process of applying scientific knowledge in real life for various purposes. Technology refers to the use of scientific knowledge to make our lives easier and better in these modern times.
Q.) Do you think that science and faith are both important in our lives? Why?
Ans.Yes, both are equally important in our lives. While science takes man towards practicality, faith leads man towards God and spirituality. Where science seeks the truth about the material and the physical world, faith takes man towards the Godly power and towards the inner self i.e. man’s soul. Anything over the limit will cause misbalance in the nature. So, both science and faith are equally needed to maintain the balance.
Q.) Refer to a dictionary to find out the meanings of the following words.
* Spirit – a person’s mind or feelings or soul
* Spiritual- non material psychological.
* Spirituality- the quality of being concerned with the human spirit or soul as opposed to material or physical things.
* Spiritualism- a system of belief or religious practice based on supposed communication with the spirits of the dead, especially through mediums.
* Spiritualist- a person who believes that the spirits of the dead can communicate with living people.
ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS:
Q.)Why do science and faith have to go hand in hand?
Ans. Science and faith must coexist for the human good. Science provides focus, which helps us solve questions, discover the truth and conceive inventions. Faith provides perspective, which helps us see how our creations and discoveries go on to impact a combination vital for the success of societies.
Q.) Why was the site in Thumba selected for building the space research centre?
Ans. Professor Sarabhai and his team had selected a site in Thumba, Kerala, to set up their space research facility as it was an ideal site due to its proximity to the magnetic equator
Q.) What shaped DrKalam’s thoughts on religion?
Ans.In the 1960, when Dr. Kalam joined ISRO, it was just a fledgling organization. His interactions with the great scientist Professor Vikram Sarabhai and the Reverend Peter Bernard Pereira, shaped his thoughts on religion.
Q.) What was the major obstacle in getting possession of the site?
Ans. The major roadblock in getting possession of the site was that it was the fishing grounds of Thumba’s fishermen. Moreover, it had an old church of St Mary Magdalene, a bishop’s house and a school, which was under the administration of the church.
Q.) Who helped to solve the problem of acquiring the site?
Ans. Reverend Father Pereira helped them to solve the problem of acquiring the site.
Q.) How did the people respond to the appeal made by Rev. Pereria? Would you have given the same response?
Ans. Everyone got up, and the whole church reverberated with the deafening noise of a collective ‘amen’. Yes, we would have given the same response, as whatever was being done, it was all for a noble cause.
Q.) How can we lead a pure life?
Ans. We can live a pure and ethical life by removing the impurities obscuring our soul and by serving others.
Q.) Whose philosophy actually had an impact on the writer?
Ans. The writer actually had Dr. Kalam’s impact upon him. He was deeply influenced by Dr. Kalam while he worked with him.
Q.) What advice did DrKalam give the narrator after his graduation?
Ans. Dr. Kalam had advised the narrator to use his degree and gold medal to transform the society.
Q.) What was Mahaswamiji’s tremendous contribution?
Ans. Mahaswamiji’sgreatest contribution was the establishment of a free residential education system for more than nine thousand children in the ashram.
Q.) What was unique about Mahaswamij?
Ans.The most astonishing aspect of Mahaswamiji was that the 102 year old Swamiji stood on his feet without any support.
Q.) What was the secret of Mahaswamiji’s fitness even at the age of 102 years?
Ans. ‘Mahaswamiji lives with the beliefs and ethos of Dr. Kalam and their mission. He gave and only gave – education to famished minds, food to famished bodies. In giving so much, he became strong. His munificence fuels his strength.
Q.) What makes society corrupt and unfair?
Ans.Out thought of only taking from the environment and destroy it indiscriminately and the thought of what we can take from other humans, lead us to corruption and inequity. This attitude of taking and taking even destroys families.
Q.) Which question inspires humanitarianism?
Ans. The question, “what can I give?” “What can I give to the environment and to the other people?” inspires humanitarianism.
Q.) Read ‘Part I’ and match the words in Column ‘A’ with associating words given in Column ‘B:
|COLOUMN ‘A’||COLOUMN ‘B’|
|(1) Science and faith||(a) Success of societies|
|(2) Science||(e) Solves questions, discovers truth, conceives inventions|
|(3) Better Planet||(a) Created by fact and faith|
|(4) Creations and Discoveries||(c) Betterment of humanity|
|(5) Conflict||(d) Believers of science and religions|
Q.) Read ‘Part II’. Go through the given statements and say whether you agree or disagree to each of them:
Ans. (a) The Space Research set up facility was planned at Allapi, Kerala – Disagree.
(b) The person who could help and can be contacted was the Bishop – Agree.
(c) It was quite easy to relocate so many people and destroy religious institutions for space- research centre – Disagree.
(d) Dr. Kalam joined ISRO in 1970 – Disagree.
(e) Science and spirituality seeks prosperity of the human life- Agree.
Q.) Go through ‘Part III’ and complete the following statements:
(a) The essence of a happy life and a peaceful society lies in one sentence – What can I give?
(b) To keep this planet liveable and the human race thriving, we have to remove the habit of “what can I take?”
(c) Mahaswamiji’s greatest contribution was the establishment of a free residential education system for more than nine thousand children in the ashram.
(d) We can remove the impurities obscuring our souls by living pure and ethical lives and by serving humanity.
(e) The narrator, Srijan, realised that through Dr. Kalam’s words of wisdom
(f) Mahaswamiji possesses powers that kept him so strong were giving education to famished minds and food to famished bodies.
Choose the correct alternative for the given statements.
1.) Dr. Kalam’s father was an
2.) Dr. Kalam’s friends discussed on
(a) Science and technology
(b) Discoveries and inventions.
(c) Science and spirituality
(d) Community’s problems and solutions.
Ans. Science and spirituality.
3.) According to Dr. Kalam, the need that is felt more than ever is
(a) A laboratory to conduct experiments.
(b) A new technology to find results.
(c) A dialogue among cultures, religions and civilizations.
(d) A dialogue between people of different professions.
Ans.A dialogue among cultures, religions and civilizations.
4.) Dr. Kalam’s father was a symbol of
(a) Trust and faith.
(b) Simplicity and divinity
(c) Teacher and disciple.
(d) Father and friend.
Ans. Simplicity and divinity.
5.) Spirituality takes care of
(a) Education, teaching and learning.
(b) Science, technology and sci-fi
(c) Confusion, misery or failure.
(d) Crime, illiteracy and child labour.
Ans. Confusion, misery or failure.
6.) How can academic brilliance diminish?
(a) By disturbance and frustration.
(b) By going off track
(c) By a coating of dust.
(d) By losing focus and seriousness.
Ans. By losing focus and seriousness.
7.) What was most astonishing about 102 year old Swamiji?
(a) He was a great speaker and orator.
(b) He was a great scientist.
(c) He was a great admirer of technology.
(d) He looked as steady and alert as any other youngster.
Ans. He looked steady and alert as any other youngster.
8.) What Dr. Kalam gathered while swimming in silence at the shores of Mahapragyaji ?
(a) Beautiful sea shores
(b) Tree lined beaches
(c) Sands of conscience
(d) Beautiful sun-set.
Ans. Sands of conscience.
Q.) Write the significance of the following years, as given in the text:
a.) 1960– DrKalam joined ISRO.
b.) 1970– DrKalam had made his first unsuccessful launch.
c.) 1980– Professor SatishDhawan joined as the Director of ISRO.
d.) 2009– DrKalam was invited to attend the 102nd birthday celebrations of His Holiness Dr Sri SriShivakumaraMahaswamiji in the Tumkur district of Karnataka.
e.) 2012– The idea of ‘What Can I Give movement’ became a reality, through which DrKalam tried to combat corruption, environmental degradation and social evils.
Q.) Who said to whom and when?
(a) “Can we give up God’s abode for such a great scientific mission?”
Ans. Reverend Father Pereira to the people of the village during the prayer service.
(b) “And then God will shine through us.”
Ans. Professor SatishDhawan to DrKalam while they were they were talking about academic brilliance.
(c) “I wonder what power Mahaswamiji possesses, that keeps him so strong.”
Ans. Reverend Father Pereira said this to the people of the village who gathered in the Church, one Sunday for prayer service.
Q.) Answer the following in your own words, and write in your notebook:
(a) What makes DrKalam a humble personality?
Ans. It is very true that DrKalam was one of the greatest scientists, he had deep faith inculcated within himself and he always thought for the cause of the betterment of humanity. These qualities made him a humble personality.
(b) How were different virtues inculcated in DrKalam?
Ans. Dr Kalam’s virtues were inculcated within him by his father, who was a boatman. He learnt from his father how simplicity and divinity and faith could go together and can change everything.
(c) How did the Reverend relate and compare the work that he and Dr. Sarabhai did for people?
Ans. He said, ‘Dear children, here is a scientist, Dr Vikram Sarabhai. What does science do for us? We benefit from the devices that science has developed to light up our homes. Medical science allows doctors to diagnose and treat patients. Science and technology enhance the overall comfort and quality of human life. And what do I do as a preacher? I pray for you, for your well-being, and for your peace. In short, Vikram and I are doing the same job. Both science and spirituality seek the Almighty’s blessings for the prosperity of the human beings.
(d) What was so remarkable about Dr Sri SriShivakumarMahaswamiji?
Ans. Mahaswamiji was a remarkable person, who has dedicated his life to the service of humanity.
(e) Why is there an urgent need to replace ‘What can I take’ with ‘What can I give?
Ans. The very thought which is responsible for all the wrong we see around us is ‘What can I take?’. We think that we can take from the environment and destroy it indiscriminately; we think of what we can take from other humans, leading us to corruption and inequity. So there’s an urgent need to replace this particular thought of ‘what can I take?’ with ‘what can I give?’
Q.) From the lesson, pick out one word for each of the following:
(a) Increase the speed- accelerate
(b) Point of view- perspective
(c) Nearness in space- proximity
(d) A place of residence – abode
(e) Eager to know everything- inquisitive
(f) Echoed loudly – reverberated
(g) Giving away much to the needy – munificence
(h) Without making a difference- indiscriminately
Q. Arrange the following words in the alphabetical order:
inventions, indisputable, interactions, inequity, institutions, inquisitive, indiscriminately
Ans. Indiscriminately, Indisputable, Inequity, Inquisitive, institutions, Interactions, Inventions.
Q.) Find from the lesson the noun forms of:
1.) Combine – combination
2.) Solve – solution
3.) Simple – simplicity
4.) Divine – divinity
5.) Advance – advancement
6.) Tranquil- tranquility
7.) Livable- life
8.) Strong- strength
Q. Say whether the predicates in the following sentences have an object/ a complement/an adverbial:
a.) There was silence – Complement
b.) Alexander Bell invented the telephone – Object
c.) They have a holiday – Complement
d.) The dancer danced gracefully – Adverbial
e.) The milkman comes daily – Adverbial
f.) The hostess served tea – Object
g.) The kite soared upwards –Adverbial.
Q.) Punctuate the following sentences to make them meaningful:
Ansa.dinesh took a bus that stopped at nanded railway station after crossing somvarpeth
Dinesh took a bus that stopped at Nanded railway station after crossing SomvarPeth.
b.)dr a p j abdulkalam was the past president of india by the way he was a great scientist orator and a humanitarian
Ans. Dr A P J Abdul Kalam was the past President of India. By the way, he was a great scientist, orator and a humanitarian.
c.) nouns are of different types common proper abstract concrete material
Ans. Nouns are of different types: common, proper, abstract, concrete, material.
d.) what a lot of noise you all make said the teacher cant you keep quiet for a while
Ans. “What a lot of noise you all make!” said the teacher, “Can’t you keep quiet for a while?”
e.) wow how lovely that cake looks they said we cant wait to eat it
Ans.“Wow! How lovely that cake looks!” they said, “We can’t wait to eat it.”
Q.) Write in your own simple words what the following expressions convey in the context they occur in the text:
a.) Faith and fact can, together, create a better planet.
Ans.If people have faith in that immortal unseen power as well as understand the truth and practicality of things that exist around them, there will no longer be conflicts. Once if people understand the balance made between faith and practical knowledge, the world will become a better place to live in.
b.) DrKalam’s own life was nourished by multiple faiths.
Ans. Dr Kalam always had discussions with people of different faiths, such as the head priest of a temple who was a Vedic scholar, and a Christian priest which helped him see the world and their aspects in a better and a broader way and he learnt many things from many people, learning help people grow and become a better version of themselves.
c.) But there was a major roadblock.
Ans. Something positive and a great work was about to take place as we read in the lesson, but there were some hindrances, as it is said nothing can be achieved without taking a little pain. Same was the case here, Dr. Kalam and his team mates had greater plans, but there were some hurdles which were later sorted out as he had immense faith.
d.) Only when the dust is removed, does the mirror shine and the reflection becomes clear.
Ans. Here mirror is compared to man’s mind. Both shine out when cleaned and dusted properly. Brain in some way is like a mirror, it will see what you show it. And for a clear and broader vision you need to upgrade your mind by learning and gaining knowledge.
e.) Through his (Kalam’s) words of wisdom, I was getting to learn from countless great minds.
Ans. DrKalam himself was a very learned person who gained his knowledge by talking, discussing, listening and seeing other greater minds, who had a lot to give. In the same way. the narrator of the lesson Srijan himself has gained and learned alot from DrKalam by associating with him.
f.) He gathered the sands of conscience to be our guide, our best friend.
Ans. As per the narrator, DrKalam always felt and even shared his thoughts that how our own conscience is our best friend and guide and how time to time it helps us to decide something and to see through difficult situations.
g.) ‘What can I take?’ is the thought which is responsible for all the wrong, seen around us.
Ans. People being selfish only think of what he can gain from others and from the environment and by thinking of only taking and not giving back anything, he is creating all the major problems for himself.