Hello dear students we know that, the wave in which the particles of medium vibrate in a direction parallel to direction of propagation. Now we are going to discuss the transverse wave.
Let’s discuss the concept of transverse wave……………!
Transverse wave is defined as the wave in which the direction of propagation of wave is perpendicular to the direction of vibration of particle.
During formation of transverse wave the medium is divided into crest and trough. The upper half cycle of wave is termed as crest whereas the lower half part is termed as trough as shown below,
One crest and a trough complete one set of transverse wave. The distance between two successive crest / trough OR the distance between the adjacent crest and trough is known as wavelength of wave.
Following are some important properties of longitudinal wave…….!
- The particle of the medium vibrates in the direction perpendicular to the direction of propagation of waves.
- The medium is divided into alternate (convex) crests & (concave) troughs
- All the particles Performs SHM’s same amplitude and period.
- The distance between two consecutive crest (or troughs) is equal to the wavelength of the waves.
- The crests &troughs are alternate produced.
- Density & pressure at any point are remains constant.
- Transverse waves the medium must possess the elasticity of shape.
- Velocity of transverse wave produced on stretched string is given as,
v = √T/m
Where T= tension acting on the string.