Here we have to find relationship between lattice constant and mass density for this consider cubic crystal whose unit cell having side a (lattice parameter)

Let ρ be the density of crystal such that

Density (ρ) = mass/volume

**Volume of cubic crystal = a**^{3}

^{3}

Let M be the molecular weight of given material, that means M-grams of material having molecules equal to Avogadro’s number (N = 6.022 ×10 ^{23}).

If there are n molecules per unit cell then weight of n molecules is Mn/N

From above, equation (1) becomes

This is relation between lattice parameter (a) and mass density (ρ).

Volume of unit cell-

a^{3} = Mn/Nρ

Number of atoms per unit volume (number density /atomic density/atomic concentration) given as-

n/a^{3} = nρ/M

Where,

For SC n=1

For BCC n=2

For FCC n=3

Example 1.Calculate the lattice parameter of NaCl crystal has FCC structure from following data

Molecular weight of NaCl=59.45

Density of NaCl= 2170 kg/m ^{3}

Avogadro number (N = 6.023×10 ^{23})

For FCC, n=4-

Therefore lattice parameter is –

Problems for practice: