Working of Institutions Extra Questions

NCERT Class 9 Civics Chapter 4 Working of Institutions Extra Questions and Answers

Class 9 Civics Chapter 4 Extra Questions and Answers – Working of Institutions. Here in this Page Class IX Students can Learn Extra Questions & Answer 4th Chapter Civics fully Inside.

We Provided Here Working of Institutions Civics Chapter 4 Long Answer Type Extra Question, MCQ Questions & Answer, Short Answer Type Extra Questions (2 or 3 marks), and Very Short answer Type Extra Question (1 marks) Solution.

Class 9 Civics Chapter 4 Extra Question with Answer – Working of Institutions

Civics Chapter 4 Working of Institutions Class 9 Inside 5 Marks, 3 marks, 2 Marks & And 1 Marks Important Questions and Answers.

Very Short Type Extra Questions:

01 Marks One Word Answers Extra Questions for Working of Institutions

(1) Who is the highest foral authority in the country?

A: the president

(2) Who is the head of the government and actually exercises all governmental powers?

A: the prime Minister

(3) How does the prime Minister take most of the decisions?

A: By cabinet meetings.

(4) What does the Parliament consists of?

A: the president, the Lok Sabha and rajya Sabha.

(5) The prime Minister must have the support of a majority of________ members.

A: loksabha.

(6) in which year the government of India appointed the second backward classes commission?

A: 1979

(7) Who was the head of the second backward classes commission?

A: B P Mandal

(8) In which year the second backward classes commission submitted its report?

A: 1980.

(9) Who became the prime Minister of the Lok Sabha election of 1989?

A: VP Singh

(10) Whendid the Union cabinet took a formal decision to implement the recommendations of mandal commission?

A: 6th August 1990

(11) From which day the recommendations of mandal commission came into force?

A: 13th August 1990

(12) Which institution is a final authority for making laws in any country?

A: the parliament.

(13) In India the control of Parliament over those who run the government is ______ and _____.

A: direct and full.

(14) Who controls all the money that governments have?

A: the parliament

(15) which is the highest forum of discussion and debate on public issue and national policies in any country?

A: the parliament

(16) Who is a part of parliament but not a member of either House?

A: the president

(17) All laws made in the houses came into force onley after they received the assent of the_______

A: president

(18) What is the total number of members in loksabha?

A: 552

(19) What is the total number of members in the rajya Sabha?


(20) Who elects the members of Lok Sabha?

A: they are directly elected by the people of India.

(21) Who elects the members of rajya Sabha?

A: they are elected by the members of ofLok Sabha.

(22) What is the term of Lok Sabha?

A: 5 years

(23) What is the term of rajya Sabha?

A: rajyasabha doesn’t have any specific term. Which cannot be dissolved.

(24) The final decision about any ordinary law is taken in a_________

A: joint session

(25) Who controls The council of minister?


(26) Who is appointed as the prime Minister?

A:a person who enjoys the support of the majority of the members in the Lok Sabha is appointed as the prime Minister.

(27) Who can dissolve the Lok Sabha?

A: its own members, by a no confidence motion.

(28) How many types of executives are there?

A: two types-political executive and permanent executive.

(29) Under whom the civil servants work?

A: under the political executives

(30) Which is the most important political institution in India?

A: prime Minister

(31) Who appoints the prime Minister?

A: the president appoints the leader of the majority party as the prime Minister.

(32) Who appoints the  other ministers?

A: other ministers are appointed by the president, on the recommendation of the prime Minister.

(33) Who is free to choose ministers?

A: the prime Minister.

(33) Where do the cabinet ministers take their decisions?

A: cabinet meetings

(34) Who are the secretaries of the ministries?

A: civil servants

(35) Who is the chairman of the cabinet committee?

A: the prime Minister

(36) Who coordinates the work of different departments!?

A: the prime Minister.

(37) Who takes the final decision in case of disagreement between two departments?

A: the prime Minister

(38) Who distributes works to the ministries?

A: the prime Minister.

(39) Who has the power to dismiss ministers?

A: prime Minister

(40) Which is the most powerful institution in India?

A: the cabinet

(41) Who who was the first prime Minister of India?


(42) Who is the head of the state?

A: the president

(43) All government activities take place in the name of the the ______.

A: president

(44) All major appointments are made in the name of ________.

A: the president

(45) Who is the supreme commander of the defence forces of India?

A: the president

(46) On whose advice The president acts?

A:the president acts on the advice of the council of Ministers.

(47) What is the most important thing that the president can do on her own?

A: appointing the prime Minister.

(48) What does the integrated judiciary mean?

A:it means the supreme court controls the judicial administration in the country.

(49) Which is the highest court of appeal in civil and criminal cases?

A: the supreme court

(50) What does independence of judiciary mean?

A:independence of judiciary means that it is not under the control of the legislature of the executive.

(51) Who appoints the judges of the supreme court and high courts?

A: the president on the advice of the prime Minister and in consultation with the chief justice of supreme Court.

(52) Which courts have the power to interpret the constitution?

A: the high courts and the supreme court.

(53) Who is the guardian of the fundamental rights in India?

A: the Indian judiciary.

Short Type Extra Questions and Answers:

Short Type Extra Questions 02 Marks for Chapter 4 Civics.

(1) What were the objectives of The mandal commission?

A:the objectives of The mandal commission was to determine the criteria to identify the socially and educationally backward classes in India and recommend steps to be taken for their advancement.

(2) Who take all important policy decisions in India?

A: the prime Minister and the cabinet are institutions that take all important policy decisions of India.

(3) Who are responsible for taking steps to implement the Minister’s decisions?

A: the civil servants are responsible for taking steps to implement the Minister’s decision.

(4) Which institution solves disputes between citizens and the government?

A: supreme Court and high courts.

(5) Why some of the delays and complications introduced by the institutions are very useful?

A:because they provide and opportunity for a wider set of people to be consulted in any decision.

(6) What are the houses of the Parliament?

A: there are two houses in the Indian Parliament. Upper house or rajya Sabha aur the council of States and the lower house or loksabha or the house of people.

(7) What are the powers of Lok Sabha in money matters?

A:Lok Sabha exercises more powers in money matters. Once the Lok Sabha passes the budget of the government or any other money related to law, the rajya Sabha cannot reject it. The rajya Sabha can only delay it by 14 days or suggest changes in it. The loksabha may or may not accept these changes.

(8) Can a person who is not a member of parliament, become a Minister?

A: a person who is not a member of the Parliament can become a Minister.but such a person has to get elected to one of the houses of Parliament within 6 months of the appointment as minister.

(9) Who are the cabinet ministers?

A: there are usually top level leaders of the ruling party aur parties who are in charge of the major ministries. Usually the cabinet ministers meet to take decisions in the name of the council of Ministers. Cabinet is thus the inner ring of the council of Ministers. It comprises about 25 ministers.

(10) Who are the ministers of state with independent charge?

A: there usually in charge of smaller ministries. The participate in the cabinet meetings only when specially invited.

(11) What are the the duties of the secretaries to the ministries?

A: the secretaries provide the necessary background information to the ministers to take decisions.

(12) Who elect the president?

A: the president is not elected directly by the people.the elected members of the Parliament and the elected members of the legislative assemblies elect her.

(13) Who are appointed by the president of India?

A: the Chief Justice of India,the judges of supreme court and high courts of the states, the governors of the states, the election commissioners, ambassadors to other countries.

(14) What is the power of the president in case of a bill?

A:a Bill passed by the Parliament becomes a law only after the president gives assent to the President wants she can delete this for sometime and send the bill back to the Parliament for reconsideration. But if Parliament passes the bill again she has to sign it.

(15) What does the Indian judiciary consist of?

A: the Indian judiciary consists of a supreme Court for the entire nation, high courts in the states, district courts and the courts at local level.

(16) How can a judge of a high Court order supreme Court be removed?

A: a charge can be removed only by an impeachment motion passed separately by two-thirds member of the two houses of the Parliament. It has never happened in history of the Indian democracy.

Long Type Questions – 05 Marks

Long Answer Type Extra Questions for Chapter 4 Working of Institutions.

1) Write about the objectives and recommendations of The mandal commission.

2) Why do we need political institutions?

3) Why do you need a parliament? Describe

4) What are the differences between Lok Sabha and rajya Sabha.

5) Write about the composition of Lok Sabha and rajya Sabha.

6) Who are the political executive? Differentiate between the political and permanent executives

7) What are the powers of a prime minister?

8) Write about the powers of the president

9) Write a paragraph on Indian judiciary.

10) What is judicial review? Why is this important?

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