Wildlife and it’s importance

In some of the previous chapters, we came to know different terms about science, in this context we will deal with one more interesting term that is sustainable management of natural resources. The meaning of this chapter is using natural resources maintaining balance of our ecosystem or environment. So let’s study the major facts about environment.

Wildlife and it’s importance

The wild life can be defined as an animals or birds which cannot be domesticate by humans. The wild animals include tiger, lion, leopard, fox, wolf, Rhino, deer, zebra, Giraffe are some examples of wild animals, those of wild birds are eagle, swan, duck, ostrich, pigeon, crow, humming bird etc. Wild life can be find any where like in forest, water, desert, grasslands, sanctuary etc. The wild life has much importance in environment. They maintain the food chain and food web of ecosystem. Most of the wild animals are in danger now due global warming, urbanization, trees cutting, and influence of human. Many wild animals are now counted in endangered list due to scarcity of water and food. The term Endangered means the animals who are at the verge of extinction or very low in number.

Importance of wild life:

1) Ecological importance:

Wildlife has gain much importance in ecological point of view, most of the wild life can be considered as carnivores (The animals which depend on another animals for their food.) The wild life is now a days facing many environmental problems such as increase in temperature, scarcity of water and food. The urbanization is one more reason. Due to such reasons these wild animals have no particular space to live, therefore due to lack of food and water their number is decreasing day by day. They are the main components of food chain and food web. If the carnivore number is decreasing then ultimately it leads to increase in number of herbivores and therefore the complete disturbance in food chain

2) Economical importance:

The wild life has huge importance through economical purpose, wild life includes both animals and plants. There are many wild trees which has tremendous economical uses such as provides wood, sandal, silk and increases the quality of soil, prevents soil erosion. The many forms of trees have mentioned their medicinal value in Ayurveda to cure various diseases. Along with it the wild animals also play a vital role in maintaining diversity.

3) Agricultural importance:

The wild life has tremendous importance in agricultural field. Due to wild life, the introduction of new varieties of plants or animals can be seen. As the sanctuaries itself has most diversity of wildlife. Many different birds, insects they also play significant role in pollination and due to which number of particular plants are increased. These wildlife is responsible to produce hybrid varieties of plants. The hybrid varieties can be termed as the plants which arise due to combination of 2 or more trees.

4) Importance of conservation:

Conservation can be termed as preservation of wild life. To preserve or save life of any animal or plant by giving optimum conditions can be natural or artificial. To save endangered species of animals which are at the extinction, that means very less number of animals or plant present of a particular species. To avoid such conditions conservation is important, with the help of sanctuaries, national park, zoos, botanical gardens, cryopreservation, seed bank, pollen bank etc.

5) Medicinal purpose:

Majority of plants have their medicinal values, the plants are regarded as medicines to cure many of the diseases by Ayurveda, Homeopathy etc. There is huge variety of every plant such as ginger, turmeric, Holy basil (tulsi), neem, henna, meri gold and the list is quite long. Along with plants some animals also provide vitamins from their meals. Therefore, wild life has medicinal importance in every aspect.

Question and answers:

1.) What is wildlife?

Answer:The wild life can be defined as an animals or birds which cannot be domesticate by humans. The wild animals include tiger, lion, leopard, fox, wolf, Rhino, deer, zebra, Giraffe are some examples of wild animals, those of wild birds are eagle, swan, duck, ostrich, pigeon, crow, humming bird etc.

2.) What is the importance of wildlife?

Answer:Wild life can be findany where like in forest, water, desert, grasslands, sanctuary etc. The wild life has much importance in environment. They maintain the food chain and food web of ecosystem. Most of the wild animals are in danger now due global warming, urbanization, trees cutting, and influence of human. Many wild animals are now counted in endangered list due to scarcity of water and food. The term Endangered means the animals who are at the verge of extinction or very low in number.

3.) What is ecological importance?

Answer:Wildlife has gain much importance in ecological point of view, most of the wild life can be considered as carnivores (The animals which depend on another animals for their food.) The wild life is now a days facing many environmental problems such as increase in temperature, scarcity of water and food. The urbanization is one more reason. Due to such reasons these wild animals have no particular space to live, therefore due to lack of food and water their number is decreasing day by day. They are the main components of food chain and food web. If the carnivore number is decreasing then ultimately it leads to increase in number of herbivores and therefore the complete disturbance in food chain.

4.) What is economical importance?

Answer: The wild life has huge importance through economical purpose, wild life includes both animals and plants. There are many wild trees which has tremendous economical uses such as provides wood, sandal, silk and increases the quality of soil, prevents soil erosion. The many forms of trees have mentioned their medicinal value in Ayurveda to cure various diseases. Along with it the wild animals also play a vital role in maintaining diversity.

5.) What is agricultural importance?

Answer: The wild life has tremendous importance in agricultural field. Due to wild life, the introduction of new varieties of plants or animals can be seen. As the sanctuaries itself has most diversity of wildlife. Many different birds, insects they also play significant role in pollination and due to which number of particular plants are increased. These wildlife is responsible to produce hybrid varieties of plants. The hybrid varieties can be termed as the plants which arise due to combination of 2 or more trees.

6.) What is importance of conservation?

Answer: Conservation can be termed as preservation of wild life. To preserve or save life of any animal or plant by giving optimum conditions can be natural or artificial. To save endangered species of animals which are at the extinction, that means very less number of animals or plant present of a particular species. To avoid such conditions conservation is important, with the help of sanctuaries, national park, zoos, botanical gardens, cryopreservation, seed bank, pollen bank etc.

7.) What is medicinal purpose?

Answer: Majority of plants have their medicinal values, the plants are regarded as medicines to cure many of the diseases by Ayurveda, Homeopathy etc. There is huge variety of every plant such as ginger, turmeric, Holy basil (tulsi), neem, henna, meri gold and the list is quite long. Along with plants some animals also provide vitamins from their meals. Therefore, wild life has medicinal importance in every aspect.


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