Telangana SCERT Class 8 Social Studies Solution Chapter-13 (The Indian Constitution)

Telangana SCERT Solution Class VIII (8) Social Studies Chapter-13 (The Indian Constitution)


1) ‘Damanpur’ is ruled by its king based on a set of rules written down by the priest and ministers. He has also divided his kingdom into 16 provinces to which he appoints his officers as governors. Can we say that this is democratic country? Is it a constitutional country? Give reasons for your answer.


No its neither a democratic country or nor a constitutional country because in a democratic country the ruler is elected by the people of the country, not by any king or queen and the laws and the rules that are written down by the priests are not a right but it is an order which is totally different than a constitutional country.


2.) Which of the following statement is correct?

a.) Constitution determines the relationship between people and government. b.) Democratic countries generally contain a Constitution. c.) To make a Constitution to a diverse country like India is an easy task. d.) All are correct


d.) All are correct


3.) Read again the extracts from Nehru’s speech and answer the following:

a.) What pledge did he want the makers of the Indian Constitution to take? b.) “The ambition of the greatest man of our generation has been to wipe every tear from every eye.”  Who was he referring to?


a.) The pledge that he wanted the makers of the Indian Constitution was to dedicate their lives to the service of India, meaning  ending of poverty, ignorance&inequality of opportunity of Indians.

b.) He was referring to Mahatma Gandhiji and also to all the freedom fighters of our country.


4.) What values are embedded in the preamble of the Indian Constitution?


The values embedded in the preamble of the Indian Constitution are:

  • Sovereignty- Free to conduct external relations with other countries.
  • Socialist-The wealth should stay with people and everyone is equal.
  • Secular- No difference in individuals on the basis of religion.
  • Democratic- Indians (above 18 years) are free to vote.
  • Republic-The head of the state is elected.
  • Justice- Seeks to secure social, economic and political justice for its people.
  • Liberty- Free to think and express.
  • Equality- All are equal in the eyes of law.


5) “All are equal before law”– Explain this with examples.


“All are equal before law”: It seeks to ensure that all people will enjoy the same status – that is, everyone will be governed by the same laws & everybody is equal and have the same rights before the law and no type of discrimination is shown on the basis of his/her religion, caste, gender, colour. Example Rich and poor people have the same rights and laws to follow.


6) Identify correct statements from the following:

a. The Constitution defines powers of the Legislative houses. b. The Constitution cannot be changed under any circumstances. c.  Ideals that are in the preamble are reflected in the design of institutions. d.  Laws for the entire country are designed centrally.


a) Correct

b) Incorrect

c) Incorrect

d) Correct


7) On what occasions equal justice is seen? Mention with examples.


Equal justice is seen on occasions like-

  • Right to vote- We see people of each caste, Gender and religion on the day of election standing in the queue.
  • Right to education- In public school education is given to everyone equally.
  • Right to freedom of religion- We have different religion living in harmony together and we celebrate different religious occasion in the same place.
Updated: October 1, 2021 — 11:31 am


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  1. This was really helpful

  2. Yes it is very helpful for me

  3. In work book something kachda chetta is written i can’t understand but here it is clear

  4. Last answer is wrong you totally forgot about Republic and Independence day all people celebrate this occasion together without any discrimination so you have to add this to the answer next time

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