Stem Cells MCQs with Answers

Hello students, our next topic for the MCQ is ‘STEM CELLS’. All the cells in our body are for specific function like blood cell will be only blood cell, nerve cell will be only nerve cell and it will not become muscle cell or any other cell in the body. But the stem cells have ability to become any type of cell because they are not specialized for the specific function. The stem cells are of two types i.e. the embryonic and adult stem cells.

The MCQ will give you more information about stem cells.

 

MCQ.1): Which of the following cells have ability to give rise to specialised cell types and capable of renewing?

a) Sertoli cells

b) Stem cells

c) Layding cells

d) Bee cell

 

MCQ.2): The stem cells have capability of diving and renewing themselves for indefinite periods and this is called as ……………………………….

a) Proliferation

b) Fermentation

c) Culturing

d) Transformation

 

MCQ. 3): The fundamental property of stem cells is it does not contain any ……………………………. Structure which allows stem cells to perform specialized function.

a) Nucleus

b) Cytoplasm

c) Tissue

d) DNA

 

MCQ.4): One tissue have stem cells which may be able to give rise to cell types of completely different tissue, this phenomenon is called as …………………………….

a) Differentiation

b) Proliferation

c) Meiosis

d) Plasticity

 

MCQ.5): In the plasticity, haematopoietic stem cells develops into …………………..

a) Neuron

b) Heart muscle

c) Insulin

d) Hirudin

 

MCQ.6): Which of the following stem cells are known as true stem cells?

a) Totipotent cell

b) Germipotent cell

c) Non-potent cells

d) Pluripotent cells

 

MCQ.7): The embryonic germ cells are derived from the part of ……………………………………. Which will ultimately produce gametes.

a) Human embryo

b) Nuclear enveolope

c) Foetus

d) Both a) and c)

 

MCQ.8): State the following statement is True or False:

‘The embryonic stem cells can be isolated from the inner cell mass of the blastocyst’.

a) True

b) False

 

MCQ.9): …………………………… is the outer layer of cells which surrounds the blastocyst and forms foetus nourishing tube.

a) Trophoblast

b) Blastocoel

c) Inner cell

d) Cell mass

 

MCQ.10): The culture dish have an inner surface which is typically coated with mouse embryonic skin cells that have been treated so they will not divide, this coating is known as ……………………………………….

a) Non-feeder layer

b) Inactive layer

c) Feeder layer

d) Package layer

 

MCQ.11): The process where plating of cells is repeated several times and for many months, this process is of …………………………………………….

a) Cell media

b) Test tube culture

c) Passange process

d) Subculturing

 

MCQ.12): Which of the following contains multipotent stem cells that give rise to all cells of blood but no other types of cells.

a) Hair

b) Bone marrow

c) Nails

d) Liver

 

MCQ.13): Which is the primary role of adult stem cells in tissue where they found?

a) Maintaining tissue

b) Mutationing tissue

c) Repairing tissue

d) a) and c)

 

MCQ.14): Which cell can generate fat, cartilage and fibrous connective tissue?

a) Haematopoietic cells

b) Stromal cells

c) Brain stem cells

d) None of them

 

MCQ.15): If stem cells are present outside bone marrow then they are …………………………………….

a) Blood stem cells

b) Hepatocyte cells

c) Tissue stem cells

d) Haemoglobin cells

 

MCQ.16): The stem cells are preserved in liquid …………………………………..

a) Guanine

b) Nitrogen

c) Tyrosine

d) Syringine

 

MCQ.17): Which of the following is important function of umbilical cord stem cells?

a) Plasticity

b) Homing

c) Engraftment

d) All of above

 

MCQ.18): In the potential uses of stem cells, stem cells can provide specific cell type to test new drugs and this is useful in ………………………………….

a) Parkinson’s therapy

b) Cell based therapy

c) Biotechnology

d) Regenerative therapy

 

MCQ.19): In the tissue, if stem cells are located in the …………………… then it is known as Niches.

a) Sites

b) Bone marrow

c) Blood

d) T cells

 

MCQ.20): In a condition of heart attack, if adult bone marrow stem cells can be injected into ……………………. Are able to improve cardiac function in victims of heart failure.

a) Muscle cells

b) Nerve cells

c) Legs vein

d) Heart arteries

 

MCQ.21: Who was the first successful HSCT in treatment of acute leukemias?

a) Thomas

b) Edison

c) George

d) Henry

 

Answer

1)b) Stem cells

2) a) Proliferation

3) c) Tissue

4) d) Plasticity

5) b) Heart muscle

6) d) Pluripotent cells

7) d) Both a) and c)

8) a) True

9) a) Trophoblast

10) c) Feeder layer

11)d) Subculturing

12) b) Bone marrow

13) d) a) and c)

14) b) Stromal cells

15) c) Tissue stem cells

16) b) Nitrogen

17) d) All of above

18) c) Biotechnology

19) a) Sites

20) d) Heart arteries

21)a) Thomas


Updated: August 12, 2021 — 11:37 am

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