Ruthenium is transition metal . Which is rarely found in earth crust.
Its properties like as platinum group . It gives inert atmosphere for other chemicals. It’s oxide form is toxic in nature
Discovery :. Ruthenium is discovered in 1844 by scientist KarlovichKlaus
Origin of name :. The name Ruthenium is derived from Latin word ‘ Ruthenia ‘ . It is the name of Russia
Physical properties :
Atomic symbol: it is denoted by symbol Ru
Atomic number : atomic number of ruthenium is 44
In ruthenium 44 proton and 44 electron is present
Atomic weight/ mass: atomic mass of ruthenium is 101. 07 Amu
In ruthenium 44 proton and 57 neutron is present
Position : it is place in periodic table at 7thcolumn ( group ) and 5th row ( period)
Block : it is placed in d block
Colour :Ruthenium show silver colour
Nature : it show solid nature.
Boiling point :boiling point of Ruthenium is 4147 0
Melting point :melting point of Ruthenium is 2333 0C
Ruthenium show 7 stable isotopes
96Ru : atomic weight of this isotope is 95.9 Amu
In this isotope 44 proton, 44 electron and 52 neutron is present
It is present 5.54 % in nature .
98Ru : atomic Weight of this isotope is 97.9 Amu
In this isotope 44 proton , 44 electron and 54 neutron is present
It is present 1.87 % in nature
99Ru : atomic weight of this isotope is 98.9 Amu
In this isotope 44 proton, 44 electron and 55 neutron is present
It is present 12.7 % in nature.
100Ru : atomic Weight of this isotope is 99.9 Amu
In this isotope 44 proton, 44 electron and 56 neutron is present
It is present 12.6 % in nature.
101Ru : atomic Weight of this isotope is 100.9 Amu
In this isotope 44 proton, 44 electron and 57 neutron is present
It is present 17.06 % in nature
102 Ru: atomic weight of this isotope is 101.9 Amu
In this isotope 44 proton, 44 electron and 58 neutron is present
It is present 31.5 % in nature
104 Ru: atomic weight of this isotope is 103.9 Amu
In this isotope 44 proton, 44 electron and 60 neutron is present
It is present 18.6% in nature
Chemical properties :
Electronic configuration of Ruthenium is [ kr] 4d7 5S1
Electronic configuration in concert of shell is 2,8,18,15,1
Valency : Ruthenium show valency 1 to 7
Atomic radius : atomic radius of Ruthenium is 178 Pm
Ruthenium use in platinum jewellery
It is use as harder for platinum and palladium
Ruthenium is use as catalyst for many chemical reaction
It is use in solar cell for the purpose of change light energy to electrical energy
It is use to make pen nibs
It is also use to make turbine blades
It is use in data storage chips
It is mainly use to colour the ceramics and glass which is use in costume jewellery .
Ruthenium is used in treatment of eye
Question and Answer:
Q1. Define Ruthenium
Q2. Who discovered Ruthenium?
Q2. Physical properties of Ruthenium
Q4. Write Atomic Symbol of Ruthenium.
Q5. Write the Atomic number of Ruthenium.
Q6. On which block Ruthenium element is present?
Q7. What is the color of Ruthenium?
Q8. What is the Boiling point of Ruthenium?
Q9. What is the Melting point of Ruthenium?
Q10. Write the Isotopes of Ruthenium.
Q11. Show Electronic configuration of Ruthenium.
Q12. Write Electronic Structure of Ruthenium.
Q13. What is the Valency of Ruthenium?
Q14. Write the uses of Ruthenium element.