Prokaryotic Cells MCQs with Answers

Hello students, our next topic for the MCQ is ‘PROKAYROTIC CELLS’. The prokaryotic organisms do not possess a nucleus. The E. coli is an example of prokaryotic cell. The prokaryotic cells have capsule and it is a thick layer made up of polysaccharides. It protects prokaryotic cell from drying out and helps in the attachment to surfaces.

The following MCQ will help you more to understand this topic.

 

MCQ.1):In prokaryotic cell structure, the flagella functions in movement of the cell and it is a type of …………………………………

a)Cell cytoplasm

b) Cell synapse

c) Cell nucleolus

d) Cell appendages

 

MCQ.2):The whip like helical structure of ………………………………..Component is present in the cell appendages.

a)Filaments

b)Basal body

c) Cell envelope

d)Hook

 

MCQ.3) Which of the following is modified type of flagella found in spirochetes and consists of a filament and hook?

a)Cytoplasmic

b)Cystoplasmic

c)Nucleoplasmic

d)Periplasmic

 

MCQ.4):Hans Christian Gram developed Gram staining in the year …………………

a)1820

b)1834

c)1884

d)1860

 

MCQ.5):The Gram negative bacteria are …………………………………….. Permeable but more susceptible to lysis.

a)Less

b)More

c)Moderate

d)Highly

 

MCQ.6):Which of the following increase the area of membrane for ATP production?

a) Flagella

b) Serum

c) Mesosome

d)Plasma

 

MCQ.7):…………………… is a protein filament protruding from the cell wall which is used for cell to cell adhesion.

a)Ribosome

b)Pili

c)Nucleoid

d)Capsule

 

MCQ.8):Cytoskeleton is cellular ……………………………………. Within the cytoplasm.

a)Scaffolding

b)Formulation

c)Duster

d)None of these

 

MCQ.9):The plasmid of prokaryotes can provide genetic information to promote ………………………………

a) Antifungal resin

b)Antioxidant factor

c)Virulence factors

d)Pesticidal control

MCQ.10):The glycocalyces are not specific to ………………..Bacteria.

a)Gram positive

b)Gram negative

c)Both

d)None

 

MCQ.11):A prokaryote is basically lacks of membrane bound ………………….

a)Nucleus

b) Mitochondria

c) Organelle

d) All of these

 

MCQ.12):In the prokaryotes, the proteins, DNA, and metabolites are ………………………………Components also located in the cytoplasm.

a)Extracellular water soluble

b)Intracellular water insoluble

c) Intracellular water soluble

d)Extracellular water insoluble

 

MCQ.13):In prokaryotes, plasma membrane ………………..……………………. Contain carbohydrates and sterols.

a)Partially

b)Does not

c)Does

d)Internally

 

MCQ.14):The DNA of prokaryotes is in ………………………………

a)Loop

b)Paired chromosome

c)200nm diameter

d)80S type

 

MCQ.15):The ……………………… of prokaryotes is lack of microtubules.

a)DNA

b)Ribosome

c)Nucleus

d)Flagella

 

MCQ.16):Which of the following process is included in the gene transfer of prokaryotes?

a)Meiosis method

b)Natural transformation

c)Mitosis

d)Asexual method

 

MCQ.17):When stable aggregate communities are encased in a stabilizing polymer matrix they may be known as ……………………………………………

a)Bioluminescent

b)Bioinformatics

c)Biotechnology

d)Biofilms

 

MCQ.18):Prokaryote’s organelles have a covering which is called ……………

a)Vacoule

b)Lobule

c)Membrane

d)Tubule

 

MCQ.19):The prokaryote is commonly known as ……………………………

a)Bacteria

b)Multicellular organism

c)Mammal

d)Reptiles

 

MCQ.20):The liquid environment of the prokaryotic cell is called as …………………

a) Mesosome

b)Nucleus

c)Cytoplasm

d)Ribosome

 

Answer

1)d) Cell appendages

2)a) Filaments

3)d) Periplasmic

4)c) 1884

5)a) Less

6)c) Mesosome

7)b) Pili

8)a) Scaffolding

9)c) Virulence factors

10)c) Both

11)d) All of these

12)c) Intracellular water soluble

13)b) Does not

14)a) Loop

15)d) Flagella

16)b) Natural transformation

17)d) Biofilms

18)c) Membrane

19)a) Bacteria

20)c) Cytoplasm


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