Get A to Z Rules and Examples on Parts of Speech for Class 7 Students. Here in this page we provided all rules regarding Parts of Speech Definition, Exercise for Standard 7 school students. Hope this article will help you to understand Parts of Speech for Class 7.
Parts of Speech for Class 7 | Class 7 Parts of Speech
Words in a sentence are divided into different classes according to their usage or work in a sentence each word of the sentence is a part of our space. Hence all the types of words are called parts of speech.
* Parts of speech are divided into 8 parts
A noun is a word used for naming a person, place or a thing.
For eg. = (i) Jahangir was a great king.
(ii) The city of Guwahati is on the banks of river Brahmaputra
* The word things include all objects that we can see, feel hear, taste, smell etc & something that we can think of but cannot be discerned by our senses.
* Nouns are divided into 6 categories.
(i) Common noun
(ii) Proper noun
(iii) Collective noun
(iv) Abstract noun
(v) Countable & Uncountable noun
* Common noun – A common noun is a name given in common to person, or thing as a whole class or kinds. Common noun means shared by all of a group or class.
For eg – Sita is a good girl
Sita is a proper noun & girl is a common noun as it defines a whole class or categories of girls.
* Proper noun – Proper noun interprets the name of a particular person or a thing.
For eg – Shehjahan build Taj Mahal
Shahjahan & Taj Mahal explicate a particular person or a monument defining a proper noun. Proper nouns are always written in capital letters.
* Collective noun – Collective noun explain a number of person or thing which is wanted as a whole (meaning collection)
For eg. – (i) Herd of sheep
(ii) Mob of bees
* Abstract noun – Abstract noun defines the quality or state which is contemplated apart from the object to which it belongs to.
For eg – goodness, badness, honesty, good, bravery etc.
* Countable, uncountable noun – Countable nouns means the name of object or people which can be counted. For eg – Pen, Mango, Horse etc.
* Uncountable noun – Uncountable noun defines the name of the things that cannot be counted. The category of abstract things or substances mainly denote uncountable noun.
For eg – Gold, Silver, Milk, Oil etc.
A pronoun is a word that is used in substitute of a noun.
For eg – Helena is sick, Helena is absent. But we do not use it as a repetition.
Helena is sick so she is absent.
The word she is replacing the noun & so it is a pronoun.
* Pronoun are divided into three persons
1st – me, my, mine, us, we, our etc
2nd – you, yours, your
3rd – He, she, them, him, them, her, their etc
A word that is used with a noun which helps in denoting a person, animal or thing is called adjective.
* Adjective also points out the number or quantity.
For eg. – (i) Mita is a clever girl
(ii) He gave me ten chocolates
* Clever shows the quality of the girl which describes Mita.
* Ten describes the number of chocolates.
An adverb is a word that alters the meaning of a verb, or an adjective or another adverb.
For eg – Hari runs swiftly.
* Swiftly describes the manner of running which modifies the verb run.
The oranges are very sour.
* Very sour describes to what degree the oranges are sour, i.e. very modifies the noun sour.
Verb is word that asserts about a person or a thing. A verb is also action word.
For eg – Hari is laughing
* What a person does is a verb
Hari is called
* What is done with the person.
A preposition is a word that is placed before a noun or a pronoun to explain the relation of the person or the thing denoted by in regard to something else.
For eg – There is a mouse in the box.
In the above sentence the preposition in shows the relation between the mouse & the box.
A Conjunction is a word that merely joins two sentences or words.
For eg – She must weep or she will die one and one makes two.
In the 1st sentence or joins the two sentences.
In the 2nd sentence and merely joins the words.
An interjection is a word that expresses some suddens emotions. The interjection do not have any relation to the grammar of the sentence remaining.
For eg – Hurray! We won.
Alas! He is dead
Hurray, Alas! Such words are interjections