NCERT Class 9 Economics Chapter 4 Food Security in India Extra Questions

NCERT Class 9 Economics Chapter 4 Food Security in India Extra Questions and Answers

Class 9 Economics Chapter 4 Extra Inside Questions and Answers – Food Security in India. Here in this Page Class IX Students can Learn Extra Questions & Answer 4th Chapter Economics fully Inside.

We Provided Here Food Security in India Economics Chapter 4 Long Answer Type Question, MCQ Questions & Answer, Short Answer Type Questions (2 or 3 marks), and Very Short answer Type Question (1 marks) Solution.

Class 9 Economics Chapter 4 Extra Question with Answer – Food Security in India

Economics Chapter 4 Food Security in India Class 9 Inside 5 Marks, 3 marks, 2 Marks & And 1 Marks Important Questions and Answers.

MCQ Extra Question & Answer (Mark-1)

1.) How many people died in the Bengal famine of 1943 ?

(a) 15 lakhs

(b) 21 lakhs

(c) 30 lakhs

(d) 35 lakhs.

Ans:- 30 lakhs.


2.) The worst famine in India occured in –

(a) 1891

(b) 1943

(c) 1948

(d) 2010

Ans:- 1943


3) Who issued a special stamp called Wheat Revolution ?

(a) Former Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru

(b) Emperor Akbar

(c) Rashbihari Basu

(d) Former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.

Ans :- (d) Former Prime Minister indira Gandhi.


4.) The total number of ration shops in the country is –

(a) about 5.5 lakhs

(b) 6 lakhs

(c) 7.5 lakhs

(d) 10 lakhs.

Ans:- about 5.5 lakhs.

Very Short Type Extra Questions (Mark-1)

(1) What is the full form of PDS?

A: public distribution system

(2) What does food accessibility mean?

A: food accessibility means food is within reach of every person.

(3) In which year the famine of Bengal occurred?

A: 1943

(4) How many people where killed by the Bengal famine of 1943?

A: 30 lakh people

(5) Name two places of India where famine like conditions still exist?

A: kalahandi and kashipur in Orissa

(6) What was the number of of women who were facing malnutrition according to the national health and family survey of 1998-1999?

A: 11cr

(7) Angad has chronic and_______ dimensions.

A: seasonal

(8) Production of________ and _________where increased due to the Green revolution.

A: wheat and rice.

(9) Who was the prime minister of India during the Green revolution?

A: Indira Gandhi

(10) In which year a special stamp named which revolution was entitled?

A: July 1968

(11) Which states show the highest production of wheat and rice due to the Green revolution?

A: uttar Pradesh and madhya Pradesh

(12) Why did India become self sufficient in food grains during the last 30 years?

A:Because of a variety of crops grown all over the country.

(13) Who is responsible for buffer stock in India?

A: food corporation of India (FCI)

(14) Which food grains are stocked as bufferby the food corporation of India?

A: wheat and rice

(15) From whom the food corporation of India purchase wheat and rice?

A: from the farmers in the states where there is a surplus production

(16) What is minimum support price?

A:the farmers are page a pronounced price for their crops by the food corporation of India. This price is called minimum support price.

(17) When do the government declare MSP?

A: every year before the sowing season.

(18) The government it stores the purchased food grains in _______.

A: granaries

(19) How many ration shops are there in India?

A: 5.5 lakh

(20) Write another name of the ration shops.

A: fair price shops

(21) In which year the integrated child development services were introduced?

A: 1975

(22) In which decade did the Green Revolution take place in agriculture in India ?

Ans – The Green Revolution began in the late 1960s.

(23) What is the full form of PAP?

A: poverty alleviation programmes

(24) In which year the revamped public distribution system was introduced?

A: 1992

(25) In how many blocks of India the revamped public distribution system was introduced?

A: 1700 blocks.

(26) In which year the targeted public distribution system was introduced?

A: June 1997

(27) What happens as a result of prolonged food shortage in the country ?

Ans – Prolonged food shortages in the country results in famine.

(28) What was the principal of targeted public distribution system?

A: poor in all areas

(29) In which year the Antyodaya Anna yojana was launched?


(30) What is the full form of APS?

A: Annapurna scheme

(31) Where is academy of development science situated?

A: Maharashtra

(32) When and where did the famine of Bengal happen?

Ans:- The Bengal famine occurred in the year 1943. It happened in the province of Bengal in India

Short Type Extra Questions (Marks-2)

(1) At times when security is threatened who is responsible for food security?

A: public distribution system and government vigilance and actions.

(2) What does availability of food mean?

A: availability of food means food production within the country, food imports and the previous years stock stored in government granaries.

(3) What does affordability of food mean?

A: affordability of food implies that and individual has enough money to buy sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet one’s dietary needs.

(4) When the food security of a country is in danger?

A:the food security of a country is in danger when the poorest section of the society the persons above the poverty line may also be food insecure at the time of national disaster or calamity like earthquake draught flood or tsunami, causing widespread failure of crops and famines.

(6`) How is food security affected during a calamity?

A: due to a natural calamity Total production of foodgrains decreases. It creates a shortage of food in the affected areas. Due to shortage of food the prices goes up. At the high prices some people cannot afford to buy food. If such calamity happens in a very widespread area or or is stretched over a long period of time, it may cause a situation of starvation. A massive starvation and might take a turn of famine.

(7) What is a famine?

A: a famine is characterized by widespread deaths due to starvation, epidemics caused by forced use of contaminated water or decaying food and loss of body resistance due to weakening from starvation.

(8) Who were worst affected by the famine of Bengal, 1943?

A: the agricultural labourers, fisherman, transport workers and other casual labourers were affected the most by dramatically increasing price of rice. They were the ones who died in this famine.

(9) Give few examples where famine like situation still exist.

A:seven like situation still exist in places like kalahandi and kashipur in orissa. Starvation deaths are also reported in Baran district of Rajasthan, Palamau district of jharkhand and many other places.

(10) Who are the worst affected groups by food insecurity?

A:the most affected groups are landless people with little or no land to depend upon, traditional artisans, providers of traditional services, self employed workers and destitutes including beggars. In the urban areas the food insecure families are those who’s working members are generally employed in low paid occupations and casual labour markets.

(11) Which social groups are more prone to AIDS food insecurity?

A: the scheduled castes, the scheduled tribes and some sections of the other backward castes who have either poor land base or very low land productivity are prone to food insecurity.

(12) What is the problem of malnutrition among women?

A: a high incidence of malnutrition prevails among women. This is a matter of serious concern as it puts even  the unborn baby and the risk of malnutrition.a large proportion of pregnant and nursing mothers and children under the age of five years constitutes and important segment of the food insecure population.

(13) Which states of India account for the largest number of food insecure people in the country?

A: uttar Pradesh Bihar  jharkhand Orissa West Bengal chhattisgarh and parts of madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.

(14) What is chronic hunger?

A:chronic hunger is a consequence of diets persistently inadequate in terms of quality and quantity.poor people suffer from chronic hunger because of their very low income and in turn inability to buy food event for survival.

(15) What is seasonal hunger?

A: seasonal hunger is related to cycles of food growing and harvesting.this is prevalent in rural areas because of the seasonal nature of agricultural activities and in urban areas because of casual labourers.

(16) Why buffer stock was created by the government?

A:the buffer stock was created by the government to distribute food grains in the deficit areas and among the poorest strata of the society at a price lower than the market price also known as issue price.

(17) What is public distribution system?

A: the food produced by the food corporation of India is distributed through government regulated ration shops among the poorest sections of the society. This is called the public distribution system.

(18) What was the national food security act of 2013?

A:this act provides for food and nutritional security life at affordable price and enables people to live a life with dignity.under this act 75% of the rural population and 50% of the Urban population have been categorised as eligible households for food security.

(19) What are the criticisms about the public distribution system?

A: the public distribution system has faced severe criticism on several grounds. Instances of hunger are prevalent despite overflowing granaries. Food corporation of India’s godowns are overflowing with grains, which some rotting away and some being eaten by rats.

(20) What is a subsidy?

A:subsidy is a payment that a government makes to a producer to supplement the market price of a commodity.subsidies can keep consumer prices low while maintaining a higher income for domestic producers .

(21) What are the malpractices regarding the public distribution system?

A:PDS dealers are sometime found resorting to malpractices like diverting the grains to open market to get better margin, selling poor quality grains at ration shops, irregular opening of shops etc…

Long Type Questions (Marks-5)

1) What is food security? Why food security is needed?

2) Who are the food insecure people in our country?

3) What is public distribution system?why public distribution system was introduced in India?

4) What is the present status of public distribution system and its schemes?

5) What impact as the public distribution system made on Indian society?

6) What was antyodaya Anna yojana?

7) What are the malpractices related to public distribution system?

8) What is the role of cooperatives in food security?

9) To what extent public distribution system has helped the poor of India?

10) Describe the causes of food insecurity in India.

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  1. Thanku so much ❤️

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