NCERT Class 8 History Chapter 6 Weavers Iron Smelters and Factory Owners Extra Questions and Answers
Class 8 History Chapter 6 Extra Inside Questions and Answers – Weavers Iron Smelters and Factory Owners. Here in this Page Class VIII Students can Learn Extra Questions & Answer 6th Chapter History fully Inside.
We Provided Here Weavers Iron Smelters and Factory Owners History Chapter 6 Long Answer Type Question, MCQ Questions & Answer, Short Answer Type Questions (2 or 3 marks), and Very Short answer Type Question (1 marks).
Class 8 History Chapter 6 Extra Question with Answer – Weavers Iron Smelters and Factory Owners
History Chapter 6 Weavers Iron Smelters and Factory Owners Class 8 Inside 5 Marks, 3 marks, 2 Marks & And 1 Marks Important Questions and Answers.
MCQ Type Questions (Mark-1)
Q1 – Chintz was produced in which state?
c.) Andhra Pradesh
Ans – Option C (Andhra Pradesh)
Q2 – Tanti weavers belongs to?
Ans – Option A (Bengal)
Q3 – The first spinning mill was setup in which city?
Ans – Option D (Bombay)
Q4 – How many mills were started in Bombay in 1900
Ans – Option A (84)
Q5 – In which year mill was started in Ahmedabad?
Ans – Option D (1861)
Very Short Type Questions (Mark-1)
Q1 –Which weremain Industries during British rule?
Ans – Textile and iron and steel industries.
Q2 – Britain was also known as?
Ans – Workshop of the world.
Q3 – When was India the world’s largest producer of cotton textile?
Ans – Around the year 1759
Q4 –Which was the first textile that was encountered from India?
Ans – The European traders first encountered fine cotton clothes from India.
Q5 –Where Portuguese landed for first time in India?
Ans – Calicut on the Kerela coast in south west India.
Q6 – How many Varieties of cotton and silk clothes would mention in order book?
Ans – Going through the order book a person can see a list of 98 varieties of cotton and silk clothes.
Q7 – Printed cotton clothes were known as?
Ans – Chintz, cossaes and bandanna.
Q8 – From where the word Chintz came from?
Ans – From Hindi word chhint, which is a cloth with small and colourful flowery design.
Q9 – Word bandanna refers to?
Ans –The term originally derived from word bandhna, and refer to variety of brightly coloured cloth.
Q10 – How bandhna produced?
Ans –It produced through method of tying and dying.
Q11 – Bandanna patterns were mostly produced in which state?
Ans – These patterns were mostly produced in Rajasthan and Gujarat.
Q12 –Chintz was produced in which state?
Ans – Andhra Pradesh.
Q13 –Dutch and French companies imported silver in India to purchase what?
Ans – The companies were importing silver in India to purchase cotton and silk textiles.
Q14 –Tanti were weavers from which place?
Ans – Bengal
Q15 –Julahas were weavers from which place?
Ans – They were weavers from north India.
Q16 –Name the weavers community from south India.
Ans – Kaikollar, sale and devangs were few communities from south India.
Q17 – What is Aurang?
Ans – It was a warehouse where goods were collected before being sold.
Q18 –The first mill in Ahmedabad was started in which year
Ans – In year 1861.
Q19 – What is Bellows?
Ans – An equipment that can pump air.
Q20 –TISCO began producing steel in?
Ans – In year 1912.
Q21 – Tipu’s sword was made of?
Ans – His sword was madeof wootz steel.
For more sample questions are below
1) Which industries were crucial for the industrial revolution?
2) What made Britain the foremost industrial nation in the 19th century?
3) Which country was known as workshop of the world?
4) in which century the company was buying goods in India and exporting them to England?
5) Why Indian textiles were renowned,?
6) Where were the the textiles of India extensively traded?
7) From which century European trading companies begin buying Indian textiles?
8) What is patola? Where it was woven?
9) Where did the European traders first encountered fine cotton clothes from India?
10) What was Muslin?
11) Where did the Portuguese land when they came to India?
12) What was calico?
13) What became the general name for all cotton textiles?
14) How many pieces of cloth were ordered from Kolkata in 1730?
15) How many varieties of cotton and silk clothes are there?
16) What was usually the measurement of woven cotton cloth?
17) What were the name of the cotton clothes that were ordered in bulk from Bengal?
18) What does chhint mean?
19) Who used to to wear clothes off Indian fabric?
20) What is a bandana?
21) From which Hindi word bandana has been derived?
22) How the bandanas were made?
23) What is jamdani?
24) From where the clothes were ordered in 1730? Mention the names of the places
25) In which year the British government enacted a legislation banning the use of printed cotton textile chintz in England?
26) What was calico act?
27) In which year spinning Jenny was invented?
28) The tanti weavers were from_______
29) What was aurang?
30) in which year the company government in India received a petition of 12000 weavers?
31) Where is sholapur?
32) Which cloth was symbol of nationalism?
33) Which weaving machine became the representative of India?
34) In which year the Indian national Congress adopted the tricolour flag?
35) The first cotton mill in India was set up in________.
36) To which countries did Indian cotton was exported?
37) How many cotton mills were there in 1900 in Bombay?
38) Who established the cotton mills of Bombay?
39) In which year the first male in Ahmedabad was started?
40) Tipu sultan ruled Mysore till______
41) What was tipu sultan’s sword made of?
42) Who has given us the description about how the wootx steel was made?
43) What was written in the handle of tipu sultan’s sword?
44) What did Michael Faraday discover? Why he was fascinated with Indian wootz?
45) What was bellows?
46) In which century the craft of iron smelting was in decline?
47) Who set up the first modern iron and steel plant in India?
48) What ore is found in Raj Hara hills?
49) In which year tisco began still production?
50) In which year new power house is and boiler houses were built in jamshedpur?
Short Answer Type Questions (MARKS-2)
Q1 – In the late 18th century, how company made profit?
Ans –In late 18th century, the company was buying goods in India in cheap price and exporting them to England and Europe.
Q2 – Why Indian textiles were famous?
Ans – Around year 1750, India was the world’s largest producer of cotton textile. The textile was renowned with both fine quality and craftsmanship.
Q3 – The word muslin was used for?
Ans –For all finely woven textiles, muslin means thin cotton cloths that is almost transparent, which was specially used in past for making clothes and curtains.
Q4 – How calico become general name for all cotton textile?
Ans –When Portuguese first came to India in search ofspices, they also took back cotton textile along with spices to Europe, the textile was called as calico which is derived from Calicut and subsequently calico became the general name for all cotton textile.
Q5 – What is spinning Jenny?
Ans –It was one of the key developments in the industrialization of textile manufacturing during the industrial revolution. It refers to a machine by which a single worker could operate several spindles onto which thread was spun. When the wheel was turned all the Spindles rotated.
Q6 –Name any three silk weaving centres of late 18th century.
Ans – Centres were –
Q7 –Name any three Chintz weaving centre of late 18th century.
Ans – Centres were –
Q8 – Why Dacca is famous for?
Ans – Dacca was in eastern Bengal now in Bangladesh. It was one of the foremost textile centres in the 18th century. It was famous for its mulmul and jamdani weaving.
Q9 –Who were rangrez?
Ans – Rangrez were the persons who died the textile by dyer for coloured text tile.
Q10 – Who were known as chhipigars?
Ans – Chhipigars were the persons who are specialists block printers for printing on textile. Thousands
Q11 –What happened to the spinners and weavers who lost their livelihood during textile competition?
Ans –Some of them migrated to cities in search of work, some become agricultural labourers, and others went out of the country to work in plantation in Africa and America.
Q12 – When was the first cotton mill of India was setup?
Ans – The first cotton mill of India was set-up in Bombay in 1854. It was a spinning mill.
Q13 – How many mills were started in Bombay?
Ans –By year 1900 or 84 mills started operating in Bombay.
Q14 – What is smelting and how it is done?
Ans –Smelting is know as the process of getting a metal from rock or soil. This process is done by heating rock to a very high temperature.
For more same short type questions are below –
1) Why the iron and textile industries were important for the industrial revolution?
2) What connection does the industrialisation of Britain had with colonialism of India?
3) How India became a vast market for the industrial products made in Britain?
4) Write about the first encounter of the British with Indian cotton clothes
5) What was jamdani? Where it was made?
6) What was calico act? Why this act was implemented in England?
7) Why the English cotton producers wanted to prevent the entry of Indian textile in their country?
8) What was the history of spinning Jenny? Who invented it it and?
9) Which countries made enormous profit out of India’s cotton textiles?
10) How the beginning of political power in Bengal helped the British in there textile export
11) Name some of the major centres of weaving in the late 18th century?
12) Why Bengal region was one of the most important centres of textile production?
13) Which place in Eastern Bengal was the foremost textile centre in the 18th century?
14) Name some of the textile centres other than the Bengal belt?
15) Who were the weavers? What they were known as in different parts of India?
16) What was the charkha and takli?
17) Why by the 1830 many rural women who made a living by spinning cotton thread where rendered jobless?
18) When did Mahatma Gandhi asked people to boycott imported textiles?
19) What happened to the weavers and spinners who lost their livelihood?
20) How did cotton mills came up in India?
21) Why the demand for labour in the cotton mills where in hi?
22) What were the the difficulties faced by the textile industry in India?
23) Write about the abandoned furnaces in villages?
24) Why by the late 19th century the craft of iron smelting was in decline?
25) Name some of the earliest steel plants of India?
26) What was the problem with the Raj Hara hills? How the problem was fixed?
Long Answer Type Questions (Marks-5)
Q1 –Explain the scenario of Indian textile in Europe markets in know early 18th century.
Ans –In the beginning of 18th century the wool and silk makers of England Were worried by the popularity of Indian textiles. They began the protesting against the import of Indian cotton textile. A legislation in the year 1720 was enacted by the British government for banning the use of printed cotton textile in England. Interestingly the act was known as the Calico act.
The reason behind this protest was that the textile industries had just begun to develop in England. They were unable to compete with the Indian textiles. English producers wanted a secure market within the country by preventing the entry of Indian textiles. Later Indian designs were limited and printed in England itself on white muslin or plain unbleached Indian clothes.
Q2 – What innovative did Indian textile competition brought in England?
Ans – Competition with the Indian textiles led to a technological innovation in England. in year 1764 John Kaye Invented spinning Jenny which used for increasing the productivity of the traditional spindles. The invention of steam engine by Richard Arkwright in 1786 revolutionized cotton textile weaving, the result was that clothes could now be woven in immense quantities and cheaply too.However, the Indian textile continued to dominate the World Trade till the end of the 18th century.
Q3 – Name any ten major centres of weaving in the late 18th century.
Ans – The major weaving centres were –
Q4 – Explain the process of production by weaving.
Ans –The first stage of production was spinning, which was usually done by women. Two instruments which word used for spinning word charkha and takli. The thread was spun on the charka and rolled out on the takli. Later when the spinning was over the thread was woven into clothes by a Weaver, which was usually done by a man.
Now there were different methods for forming different type of textiles. For coloured textiles the thread was died by the dyer. For printed clothes the viewers needed help of specialist block printers.
Q5 –How development of cotton industries in Britain affected textile producers in India?
Ans – The development of cotton industries in Britain affected textile producers in India in several ways:
- Indian textiles now had to compete with the British textiles in the American European and other markets.
- Exporting of textiles to England also became difficult since high duties were imposed on Indian textiles imported into Britain.
- in the beginning of 19th century, the cotton textile made in England was successfully out stated Indian goods from their traditional market in different continents like America, Africa,Europe. Thousands of viewers were thrown out of employment among which Bengal weavers were hit worst.
Q6 – Why sword of Tipu Sultan was special?
Ans –The sword of Tipu Sultan had an incredibly hard and sharp edge that easily ripped through the opponent’s armor. This quality was word came from a special type of high carbon steel called wootz which was produced all over South India. When a sword is made with wootz steel it produced it in a very sharp edge with a flowing water pattern. This pattern came from very small carbon crystals embedded in the iron.
Q7 –How industrial Township Jamshedpur was set-up?
Ans – In 1904 Charles Weld who was an American geologist and Dorabji Tata who was the eldest son of Jamsetji Tata were traveling in Chhattisgarh in search of in Iran oredeposit. They had spent many months on a costly venture looking for sources of good Iran or to set-up a modern Iran plant in India. One day after trailing for many hours in forest Weldand Dorabji came upon a small village and found a group of men and women carrying some iron ore. Did thought to set-up the industry there but a problem was the region was dry and water necessity for running the factory was not to be found in nearby. They continued their search for a more suitable place and a few years later a large area of forest was cleared on the banks of river Subarnarekha to set-up the factory and industrial Township Jamshedpur.
For more long type questions are below –
1) Write about the history of European traders coming across of Indian textile.
2) How Indian textile products were treated in European markets. Explain in detail
3) In which regions the textile production was concentrated and why?
4) Who were the weavers and what were there techniques of weaving clothes?
5) Why did the Indian textiles decline? Explain
6) Right a short paragraph about the history of cotton mills in India?
7) What where the problems faced by the Cotton industry in the first phase?
8) Write about the sword of tipu sultan? Why wootz steel was important?
9) Describe in detail why by the late 19th century the craft of iron smelting was in decline?
10) Write about the history of iron and steel factories in India? What problems did faced in the first phase of their venture? How those problems were solved
11) Write about the history of TISCO? AND ITS IMPORTANCE IN INDIAN STEEL FACTORY
12) WRITE ABOUT THE EARLY YEARS OF INDUSTRIALISATION IN JAPAN?
13) How was the Japanese industrialisation different from the Indian one?
More Extra Questions:
(1) Define Calico Act.
Ans. In 1720, the British Government enacted a legislation banning the use of printed cotton textiles – chintz in England. Interestingly, this act was known as the Calico Act.
(2) What is Spinning Jenny?
Ans. A machine by which a single worker could operate several spindles on to which thread spun. When the wheel was turned all the spindles rotated.
(3) Who invented Spinning Jenny.
Ans. In 1764, the spinning jenny was invented by John Kaye.
(4) Why did the English producer begin protesting against the import of Indian cotton textiles?
Ans. (i) Worried by the popularity of Indian textiles.
(ii) Unable to compete with Indian textiles, English producers wanted a secure market within the country by preventing the entry of Indian textiles.
(5) Who invented the steam engine?
Ans. The invention of the steam engine by Richard Arkwright.
(6) What is rangrez?
Ans. For coloured textiles, the thread was dyed by the dyer known as rangrez.
(7) Who are Chhipigars?
Ans. For printed cloth the weavers needed the help of specialist block printers known as chhipigaras.
(8) How did the development of cotton textiles in britain affect the textile producer in India?
Ans. The development of cotton industries in Britain affected textile producers in India in several ways.
(i) Indian textiles now had to compete with British textiles in the Eoropean and American market.
(ii) Exporting textiles to England also became increasingly difficult since very high duties were imposed on Indian textiles imported into Britain.
(9) Define the term Aurang.
Ans. A persian term for a warehouse – a place where goods are collected before being sold, also refers to a workshop.
(10) Where was cotton mill set up in India and when?
Ans. The first cotton mill in India was set up as a spinning mill in Bombay in 1854.
(11) What is Smelting?
Ans. The process of obtaining a metal from rock by heating it to a very high temperature, or of meltig objects made from metal in order to use the metal to make something new.
(12) Why was Tipu Sultan’s Sword famous?
Ans. (i) The sword had an incredibly hard and sharp edge.
(ii) This quality of the sword came from a special type of high carbon steel called Wootz which was produced all over the South India.
(iii) Wootz steel when made into swords produced a very sharp edge with a flowing water pattern.
(iv) This pattern came from very small carbon crystals embedded in the iron.
(13) How was Wootz produced?
Ans. In these furnaces, iron was mixed with charcoal and put inside small clay pots. Through an intricate control of temperatures the smelters produced steel ingots that were used for sword making not just in India bbut in West and Central Asia also.
(14) Who was Michael Faraday?
Ans. Michael Faraday the legendary scientist and discoverer of electricity and electromagnetism.
(15) Who was Charles Weld?
Ans. Charles Weld was an American geologist.
(16) Why did Charles Weld and Dorabji Tata travel in Chattisgarh in 1904?
Ans. Charles Weld and Dorabji Tata travel in Chattisgarh in 1904 in search of iron ore deposits.
(17) Where and when did dorabji find the iron ore of high quality? Who helped them to find? What was the problem with this iron ore?
Ans. In Rajhara Hills dorabji found the ore of high quality.
Some Agarias helped them to find.
The problem with this Iron ore was than, The region was dry and water necessary for running the factory – was not to be found nearby.
(18) TISCO was set up at an opportune time. Discuss.
Ans. TISCO was set up at an opportune time.
(i) In 1914 the 1st World war broke out. Steel produced in Britain now had to meet the demands of war in Europe. So imports of British steel into India declined dramatically.
(ii) The Indian Railways turned to TISCO for supply of rails.
(iii) As the war dragged for several years, TISCO had to produce sheels and carriage wheels for the war.
(iv) By 1919 the colonical government was buying 90 percent of the steel manufactured by TISCO.
Overtime TISCO became the biggest steel industry within the British empire.
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