NCERT Class 8 Civics Chapter 2 Understanding Secularism Extra Questions

NCERT Class 8 Civics Chapter 2 Understanding Secularism Extra Questions and Answers

Class 8 Civics Chapter 2 Extra Inside Questions and Answers – Understanding Secularism. Here in this Page Class VIII Students can Learn Extra Questions & Answer 2nd Chapter Civics fully Inside.

We Provided Here Understanding Secularism Civics Chapter 2 Long Answer Type Question, MCQ Questions & Answer, Short Answer Type Questions (2 or 3 marks), and Very Short answer Type Question (1 marks) Solution.

Understanding Secularism Extra Questions

NCERT Class 8 SST Civics Chapter 2 Understanding Secularism Extra Questions and Answer

Class 8 Civics Chapter 2 Extra Question with Answer – Understanding Secularism

Social and Political Life III (Civics) Chapter 2 Understanding Secularism Class 8 Inside 5 Marks, 3 marks, 2 Marks & And 1 Marks Important Questions and Answers.

MCQ Type

1) – In India, can the State discriminate against citizens on the grounds of their religion?

a.) Yes

b.) No

c.) Depends on the religion

d.) Occasionally

Ans – Option a (Yes)

2) – Among the following places, which place has no restriction on doing any religious activity?

a.) Government School

b.) Police station

c.) Private School

d.) Courts

Ans – Option c (private school)

3) – In which year France faced the shortage of workers?

a.) 1998

b.) 1924

c.) 1978

d.) 1960

Ans – Option d (1960)

Very Short

1) – What does term “secularism” means?

Ans – It refers to separation of religion from state.

2) – Why separation of religion from state is important?

Ans – It is important so that state can function democratically.

3) – Government school cannot promote any one religion in what way?

Ans – Government schools cannot promote any one religion either through morning prayer or through religious celebrations.

4) – Intervention in the state in religious matters can also be in the form of?

Ans – Support

5) -The first amendment in the Indian constitution prohibits it from what?

Ans – It prohibits the legislature to make laws that prohibit the free exercise of religion.

6) – Immigrants in France were mainly from which countries?

Ans – They are mainly from the former French colonies of Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco.

7) – In order to prevent this religion-based exclusion and discrimination of ‘lower castes’, the Indian Constitution banned what?

Ans – Untouchability.

Short Type

1) – Give one example from history where discrimination happened on the ground of religion.

Ans – One great example is of how Jews were persuaded in Hitler’s Germany.

2) – What activities are not allowed for non-Muslims in Saudi Arabia.

Ans – Non-Muslims are not allowed to construct temples, churches, or other places of worship, nor are they permitted to pray in public.

3) – When the act of religious discrimination can be performed more easily?

Ans – When one religion receives official state acceptance at the expense of other religions, discriminatory acts occur more easily.

4) – Fundamental rights protect individual against what?

Ans – Fundamental rights protect us from government authority and the tyranny of the majority.

5) – What another approach did India adopted along with the right of freedom of speech.

Ans – India adopted the strategy of separating the power of religion from power of state.

6) – The tyranny of majority religion could result to what?

Ans – The discrimination, coercion, and occasionally even murder of religious minorities could comefrom this tyranny of the majority.

7) – Which places in India are not supposed to display any one religion?

Ans – In India, it is forbidden to show or promote any particular religion in official buildings such as courts, police stations, government offices, and schools.

8) – What is strategy of non-interference?

Ans – This means that the State provides some exceptions for specific religious communities in order to respect the beliefs of all religions and to avoid interfering with religious practises.

9) – Explain the strategy of intervention.

Ans – The State may have to interfere in the communities religiously based “personal laws” in order to ensure that laws pertaining to equitable inheritance rights are upheld.

10) – How intervention of state can be done in form of support?

Ans – The Indian Constitution gives religious sects the freedom to establish their own institutions and schools. Additionally, it provides them with non-preferential financial aid.

11) – in U.S.A what does it mean by separation of state by religion.

Ans – The separation of state and religion in the United States of America means that neither the state nor religion can interfere in the affairs of the other.

Long Type

1) – Why it is important to separate religion from state in democratic society?

Ans – This is necessary for a nation to operate democratically. More than one religious group will be present in almost every nation on earth. There will probably be one religious group that constitutes the majority within these groups. It would be simple for this dominant religious organization to discriminate against and punish adherents of other religions if it had access to State authority. Religious minority may be subject to discrimination, coercion, and occasionally even murder as a result of this tyranny of the majority.Minorities could very easily be forbidden from practicing their faith by the majority. The rights that every citizen, regardless of religion, is guaranteed by a democratic society are violated by any type of dominance based on religion. Consequently, one of the reasons it is crucial to keep the State and religion apart in democratic countries is to prevent the tyranny of the majority and the potential violation of Fundamental Rights that can come from it.

Another reason why it is vital to separate religion from the state in democratic nations is to ensure individuals’ right to leave their religion, adopt another religion, or interpret religious teachings differently.

2) – What is Indian secularism?

Ans – The Indian Constitution requires the Indian State to be secular. The Constitution states that only a secular State can achieve its goals to guarantee the following:

1.) that one religious group does not rule over another;

2.) that some members of one religious community do not rule over other members of that same religious community; and

3.) that the State does not impose any one religion or restrict an individual’s right to practice his or her faith.

3) – In what way Indian secularism is different from that of other democratic countries? Explain with the example of United States.

Ans – There is one fundamental difference between Indian secularism and the prevailing idea of secularism as practiced in the United States of America. This is because, in contrast to the absolute separation of religion and the State in American secularism, the State can meddle in religious matters in Indian secularism.

Although the State is not strictly separate from religion in Indian secularism, it does keep a moral distance from it. As a result, any government interference with religion must be justified in accordance with the principles set forth in the Constitution. These values act as the benchmark by which we determine whether or not the State is acting in accordance with secular principles.

4) – Explain how Indian state is secular and works in different ways to prevent religious dominations.

Ans – These secular concepts serve as the foundation for the Fundamental Rights guaranteed by the Indian Constitution. This does not imply that these rights are never violated in Indian society, either. In fact, the reason we want a constitutional mechanism to stop such violations from occurring is because they occur frequently. Knowing that these rights exist makes us aware of when they are violated and empowers us to act when that happens.

5) – In 2004, which law was passed in France which encountered lot of resistance from immigrants?

Ans – In February 2004, France passed a rule prohibiting students from wearing any prominent religious or political signs or insignia, such as the Islamic hijab, the Jewish skullcap, or huge Christian crosses. Immigrants, mostly from the former French colonies of Algeria, Tunisia, and Morocco, have been very opposed to this regulation. Due to a labor shortage in the 1960s, France granted visas to these immigrants so they could enter and work there. These immigrants’ daughters frequently cover their heads while in school. But, since this new law was passed, they have been sent out of school for donning head scarves.

More Extra Questions


1) Why several millions were killed in Hitler’s Germany?

2) What religious freedom does Indian constitution give to its people?

3) What does secularism refer to?

4) Why it is important to separate religion from the state?

5) Does India have any state religion?

6) Which institutions under government of India are not allowed to to display or promote any one religion?

7) Which schools can promote any one religion?

8) What is the strategy of non interference?

9) Why the government cannot force a sikh to wear a helmet?

10) When and why did the Indian Constitution intervened in Hindu religious practices?

11) In which year France passed a law banning students from wearing any conspicuous religious or political science or symbols?


1) How do Indian constitution protect every religion?

2) Why it is important to separate religion from the state? (5)

3) What is freedom to interpret religious teachings differently?

4) What is Indian secularism. Write three points (5)

5) how do the Indian state works in various ways to prevent the domination of one religion over another? (5)

6) Why it is banned to celebrate any particular religious festival in any government school?

7) What is the strategy of non interference. Explain

8) How the Indian Constitution prevent the domination of a particular caste or religion over another through the strategy of intervention? Describe; (5)

9) In what way Indian secularism is different from that of the United States of America? (5)

10) Why did Indian Constitution intervened in Hindu religious practices? (2)

11) What were the reasons behind the Indian Constitution being secular? (2/5)

12) Find out some examples of different views within the same religion

Also See: Next Chapter Extra Questions

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