NCERT Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution Extra Questions and Answers
Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 Extra Inside Questions and Answers – The Indian Constitution. Here in this Page Class VIII Students can Learn Extra Questions & Answer 1st Chapter Civics fully Inside.
We Provided Here The Indian Constitution Civics Chapter 1 Long Answer Type Question, MCQ Questions & Answer, Short Answer Type Questions (2 or 3 marks), and Very Short answer Type Question (1 marks) Solution.
Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 Extra Question with Answer – The Indian Constitution
Social and Political Life III (Civics) Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution Class 8 Inside 5 Marks, 3 marks, 2 Marks & And 1 Marks Important Questions and Answers.
Very Short Type Questions (1 MARKS)
1) In which year the Indian national Congress made the demand for a constituent assembly?
2) In which year the king of Nepal took over as the head of the government?
3) In which year Nepal became a democracy?
4) In which year did Nepal make a constitution of their own?
5) What guards us Against The misuse of authority by political leaders?
6) On which grounds no citizen of India can be discriminated?
7) What is inter community domination,?
8) What is intra community domination?
9) What did the colonial state convinced the Indians about free India?
10) Around ______ people were there in the constituent assembly.
11) What was the main aim of the Constitution makers?
12) Which is the third tier of the government?
13) From where the states under federalism draw their authority?
14) the constitution makers thought that a democratic government would destroy the social evils like __________,_________ and __________________.
15) Who have direct role in electing the representatives?
16) To whom the representatives are accountable to?
17) How many organs does the Indian government has?
18) What is legislature?
19) What is executive?
20) What is judiciary?
21) what guarantees the rights of individuals against the state as well as against other individuals?
22) What is a secular state?
23) Why the Indian Constitution has been amended over the yesrs?
24) When the final session of the constituent assembly was held?
25) Who was the president of the constituent assembly?
26) Who was the first finance minister of India?
27) Who was the first deputy prime Minister of India?
28) Who was the first labour Minister of India?
29) Who was the first minister of food and agriculture?
30) Who was the first health minister of India?
Short Type Questions (Marks-2)
1) When and for what the constituent assembly was formed?
2) In which session of national Congress the demand for a constituent assembly was made? Who was the first president of the constituent assembly?
3) Why the constitution is so important for a country?
4) How Nepal got it’s own constitution?
5) What is democracy? Why democracy is important for India?
6) Name the grounds on which no discrimination can be done in India?
7) Write an important function of the constitution in ensuring equal power?
8) How does Indian Constitution secure the rights of the minority?
9) What is the difference between inter community domination and intra community domination?
10) How does the constitution save us from ourselves?
11) How does the Indian Constitution protect us Against certain decisions that we might take that could have an adverse effect on the large principles of our country?
12) Why the leaders of the freedom struggle wanted to make a constitution of our own?
13) How was the condition of Indian society when the constitution was being written?
14) What is federalism?
15) What is parliamentary form of government
16) What do you mean by separation of power s?
17) What is a “state”?
18) What is fundamental right?
19) What is directive principles of State policy?
20) What is secularism? Why secularism is important for India?
21) Name the countries which share boundaries with India?
Long Type Questions (Marks-5)
1) Why the constitution is important for a democratic country?
2) Why Indian leaders wanted to have a constitution of their own? How it was written?
3) Describe the journey of the people of Nepal towards democracy?
4) What are the main purposes of a constitution?
5) How do the constitution protect us from different aspects?
6) What is federalism? Explain
7) What is the parliamentary form of government. Explain
8) Why parliamentary form of government was very important for a democracy?
9) What do you mean by separation of powers?
10) Discuss about the duel meaning of the world “state”?
11) What are fundamental rights? Why fundamental rights are important?
12) What is Right to equality?
13) What is right to freedom and right against exploitation?
14) Discuss about the right to freedom of religion, cultural and educational rights and right to constitutional remedies?
15) Why India is a secular country? What is the importance of secularism?
16) Write about the significance of federalism separation of powers fundamental rights and parliamentary form of government?
2) February 2005
5) Indian constitution and laws
6) Race, cast, gender, religion and place of birth
8) When one particular community dominates over the minorities that is called intra community domination
9) The colonial state convinced the Indians about free India that there will be e equality and Indians will be involved in the government.
11) The main aim of the Constitution makers was to make a constitution which treats every citizen of India equally
12) Panchayati Raj
14) Caste system and untouchability
15) The people of India
16) The constitution of India
17) Three organs are there namely legislature executive and judiciary.
18) The legislature refers to our elected representatives.
19) Executive is a smaller group of people who are responsible for implementing laws and running the government.
20) The Judiciary refers to the system of courts in the country.
21) Fundamental rights
22) A secular state is one in which the state does not officially promote any one religion as the state religion.
23) To reflect new concerns of the polity.
24) 24th January 1950
25) Dr Rajendra Prasad
26) Dr John Mathai
27) Vallabhbhai Patel
28) Jagjivan Ram
29) Jairam Das Daulat Ram
30) Rajkumari Amrit Kaur
1) The constituent assembly was formed in the year 1946 to frame a constitution for free India.
2) In the session of 1934. Rajendra Prasad
3) It is important to have a constitution for a country to retain democracy and maintain equality throughout the country.
4) After the end of the rule of the king Nepal got its constitution in the year 2015.
5) Democracy is a form of government in which people elect the leader. Democracy is important for India to maintain equality throughout the country.
6) On the grounds of birth of place cast gender and religion no discrimination can be done in India.
7) The constitution of India gives equal power to the state and the central government.
8) The Indian Constitution have taken measures for reservations for the minority.
9) Previously discussed
10) We are abide by the laws of the term state the term state tries to distinguis in this way we save us from ourselves.
11) There are laws in the Indian constitution which protect Us Against certain decisions that we might take that could have an adverse effect on the large principles of our country
13) When the constitution was written Indian society was divided in small fragments.
14) Federalism refers to the existence of more than one form of government. For India it has Central Government and state government.
15) Parliamentary form of Government implies that there will be e leaders in the Parliament who are directly elected or indirectly elected by the people of India.
16) Separation of power means that all the powers should be divided into state and Central.
17) The term state define a particular land area which is under the authority
18) Fundamental rights are those which protects all the people of India from any kind of ill treatment.
19) These are some directions for the people of India to maintain brotherhood.
21) Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Afghanistan.
1) Constitution is important for a democratic country for or the smooth advancement towards progression. There are laws enumerated in the constitution which the people of the country should obey. It is because of the Constitution that all the people of certain country I treated equally. Different communities of people can live freely in a country because of the laws made by the constitution.
2) If the British had made the constitution of India they would have written for their own benefit. Show the leaders of Indian National Movement wanted to have a constitution of their own.
What the making of the Constitution a constituent assembly was made in the year 1946. In the year 1950 the handwritten Constitution was completed.
4) All democratic countries are likely to have a Constitution, but on the other hand, it is not necessary that all countries that have a Constitution are democratic. The Constitution serves several purposes as listed below.
A Constitution tells us what the fundamental nature of our society .
A Constitution helps serve as a set of rules and principles that all persons in a country can agree upon as the basis of the way in which they want the country to be governed.
5) The constitution of India protects us from any discriminatory behaviour by the freedom of rights and the directive principles of state policies. According to the Indian Constitution every people of India are equal before the law.
6) Federalism is a type of government in which there will be more than one level of government in the country. For India we have Central Government and state government. We also have a third tier of the government which is called the Panchayati Raj system. All the three works together for a smooth functioning of the government.
7) India has a Parliamentary form of Government. The Indian Parliament has two houses the lower house or Loksabha and Upper house or the Rajya Sabha. The members of these houses are directly or indirectly elected by the people of India. All the bills and amendments are connected to the parliamentary system of India.
8) The Parliamentary form of Government was very important for a democracy because the leaders who are the members of the Parliament and directly chosen by the people of India. The can represent the whole Nation.
12) Right to Equality is one of the fundamental rights of India. Before law every citizen of India be it poor or rich, are equal.
13) Right to freedom is one of the fundamental rights which implies that a person of India have six fundamental rights of freedom.
The right against exploitation is another fundamental right in India which states that a person who is exploited can take help of the law.
More Extra Questions from this Chapter (The Indian Constitution)
1) In which year draft of constitution was completed?
Ans – Option a (1949)
2) Which city is known as capital of India?
Ans – Option c (Delhi)
3) Who was President of Constituent assembly?
a) Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru
b) Dr. Rajendra Prasad
c) Mahatma Gandhi
d) Nathuram Godse
Ans – Option b (Dr. Rajendra Prasad)
4) How many fundamental duties are mentioned in constitution?
Ans – Option d (11)
1) Who made the demand for constituent assembly?
Ans – The Indian National Congress.
2) In which year demand for constituent assembly was raised?
Ans – In 1934
3) Who drafted the constitution of Independent India?
Ans – The constituent assembly.
4) Who is known as the father of constitution?
Ans – Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar
5) India has which form of government?
Ans – Democratic form of government.
6) How many fundamental rights are there in Indian constitution
Ans – 6
7) Which section of constitution is known as “conscience” of the Indian Constitution?
Ans – The fundamental rights.
8) Write the full form of DPSP.
Ans – Directive principle of state policy.
9) Define term – “Tyranny”.
Ans – The cruel and unjust use of power or authority.
10) What do you mean by term arbitrary?
Ans – When nothing is fixed and is instead left to one’s judgment or choice. Thiscan be used to refer to rules that are not fixed, or decisions that have no basis etc.
1) What is called as constitution?
Ans – A Constitution is a written document that contains fundamental regulations.
2) What is people’s role in democracy?
Ans – In a democracy, people elect leaders to exercise authority responsibly on their behalf.
3) What features were the makers of Indian constitution were hoping to add in the constitution?
Ans – Diversity, unity, socio-economic reform and representation.
4) What makers of Indian constitution were trying to make India into?
Ans – There commitment was to transform India into a strong democratic society.
5) What does the term federalism refers to?
Ans – This refers to the fact that the country has more than one level of government.
6) Name all three organs of government.
Ans – Legislature, executive and Judiciary.
7) What does legislature refers to?
Ans – Our elected representatives are referred to as the legislature.
8) Who all come under the executive?
Ans – The executive is a smaller group of people who are responsible for implementing laws and running the government.
9) What was the reason that fundamental rights were inserted in the constitution?
Ans – Colonial authority had instilled distrust in the hearts of nationalists, and they intended to ensure that a set of written rights would protect against the misuse of State power in independent India.
10) What fundamental rights protect?
Ans – Fundamental rights protect citizens from the State’s arbitrary and absolute exercise of authority. As a result, the Constitution protects people’ rights both against the State and against other individuals.
11) Why DPSP were added in the constitution?
Ans – Members of the Constituent Assembly established this section of the DPSP to assure better social and economic changes, as well as to serve as a guide for the new Indian State to institute laws and policies that help eliminate mass poverty.
12) Explain right against exploitation as a fundamental right.
Ans – Human trafficking, forced labour, and the employment of children under the age of 14 are all prohibited by the Constitution.
13) How religious freedom is a right under constitution?
Ans – Religious liberty is guaranteed to all citizens. Every individual has the right to practise, profess, and spread the religion of their choosing.
14) What is right to constitutional remedies?
Ans – This empowers citizens to petition the court if they believe the State has violated any of their fundamental rights.
15) What are cultural and education right?
Ans – According to the Constitution, all religious and linguistic minorities have the right to establish their own educational institutions in order to maintain and develop their culture.
16) What does the term secular state means?
Ans – A secular state is one in which no single religion is officially promoted as the state religion.
17) Write a short note on “Indian National Movement”.
Ans – The Indian national movement arose in nineteenth-century India, with thousands of men and women uniting to oppose British authority. This culminated in the independence of India in 1947.
18) Explain term Human Trafficking.
Ans – The illicit purchasing and selling of certain goods across national borders.
1) What purpose a constitution serves in a country?
Ans – The Constitution serves distinct processes. Firstly, it establishes certain principles that serve as the foundation for the kind of country that we as citizens wish to live in. In other words, a constitution explains the core character of our society. A country is typically composed of many communities of people who share certain ideas but may not always agree on all subjects. A constitution serves as a set of laws and values that all citizens of a country may agree on as the foundation for how the country should be governed. This involves not only the style of government, but also agreement on certain ideas that they all believe the country should adhere to.
2) How a constitution helps us to protect us from ourselves?
Ans – The Constitution protects us from making judgements that may have a negative impact on the wider ideals in which the country believes. For example, it is feasible that many people in a democracy will come to believe that party politics has grown so contentious that we require a strong ruler to restore order. Swept up in this feeling, individuals may fail to recognise that authoritarian authority is ultimately detrimental to all of their interests. A healthy Constitution does not enable whims to change its fundamental framework. It does not allow for the simple repeal of laws that guarantee citizens’ rights and defend their freedom.
3) Explain right to equality as a democratic right.
Ans – One of the Basic Rights guaranteed by the Indian Constitution is the right to equality.
The Indian Constitution provides all citizens the right to equality and states that no citizen may be discriminated against on the basis of religion, race, caste, gender, or place of birth.
4) What was the huge task between the people of constituent assembly.
Ans – These Constituent Assembly members had a massive task ahead of them. The country was made up of several populations that spoke different languages, practised different religions, and had separate cultures.
Furthermore, India was in a state of upheaval at the time the Constitution was drafted. The country was going to be partitioned into India and Pakistan, several of the Princely States were unsure about their destiny, and the socio-economic situation of the vast majority of people was bleak. Many of these topics preoccupied the members of the Constituent Assembly as they crafted the Constitution.
5) What BR Ambedkar stated for people of schedule caste?
Ans – Dr. Ambedkar believes that his presence in the Constituent Assembly aided the Scheduled Castes in gaining some protections in the draught constitution. But he also remarked that although the rules might exist, Scheduled Castes still had reason to fear because the administration of these laws were in the hands of ‘caste Hindu officers’. As a result, he urged Scheduled Castes to join the government and civil services.
6) List out key features of Indian Constitution.
Ans – Some key features of Indian constitution are –
2.) Parliamentary form of government
3.) Separation of Power
4.) Fundamental Rights
7) Explain parliamentary form of government as key feature of Indian Constitution.
Ans – The Indian Constitution gives universal adult suffrage to all people. Members of the Constituent Assembly felt that the liberation movement had prepared the masses for universal adult suffrage, which would help develop a democratic attitude and break the clutches of conventional caste, class, and gender hierarchies. This means that the Indian people have a direct say in who their representatives are. Also, regardless of social background, every citizen of the country can run in elections. These representatives must answer to the people.
8) How constitution insure balance of power between all three organs of government?
Ans – The Constitution defines three branches of government. They are the legislative, executive, and judicial branches. Our elected representatives are referred to as the legislature. The executive is a smaller group of people in charge of enforcing laws and operating the government. The judiciary refers to the court system in this country. To prevent any one branch of government from abusing power, the Constitution states that each of these institutions shall have distinct authorities. Each organ works as a check on the other organs of government, ensuring a balance of power among all three.
9) Name all the six fundamental rights mentioned in Indian Constitution.
Ans – The six fundamental rights stated in Indian constitution are –
1)- Right to equality
2)- Right to freedom
3)- Right against exploitation
4)- Right to freedom of religion
5)- Cultural and Educational Rights
6)- Right to constitutional remedies
10) – Write a note on importance and reasons for adding fundamental rights in the constitution.
Ans – Fundamental rights protect citizens from the State’s arbitrary and absolute exercise of authority. As a result, the Constitution protects people’ rights both against the State and against other individuals.
Colonial authority had instilled distrust in the hearts of nationalists, and they intended to ensure that a set of written rights would protect against the misuse of State power in independent India.Furthermore, numerous minority populations expressed a desire for the Constitution to contain rights that would safeguard their communities. As a result, the Constitution protects minority’ rights against the majority. As Dr. Ambedkar stated, the purpose of these Basic Rights is dual. The first goal is for every citizen to be able to assert those rights. Second, these rights must be obligatory on any authority with the jurisdiction to create laws.
11) – What al rights come under the preview of “Right to freedom”?
Ans – This includes
- The right to freedom of speech andexpression
- The right to formassociations
- The right to move freelyand reside in any part of the country
- The right to practise anyprofession, occupation or business
12) Answer the following questions – Which Fundamental Rights will the following situationsviolate:
– If a 13-year-old child is working in a factory manufacturing carpet.
Ans – Right against exploitation
– If a politician in one state decides to not allow labourersfrom other states to work in his state.
Ans – Right to freedom
– If a group of people are not given permission to open aTelugu-medium school in Kerala.
Ans – Cultural and Educational Right
– If the government decides not to promote an officer of thearmed forces for being a woman.
Ans – Right to equality
13) Write all the fundamental duties mentioned in the constitution.
Ans – The constitution has 11 fundamental duties, which were originally not part of the constitution but later added to it through amendment. The 11 fundamental duties are –
I.) To oblige with the Indian Constitution and respect the National Anthem and Flag
II.) To cherish and follow the noble ideas that inspired the national struggle for freedom
III) To protect the integrity, sovereignty, and unity of India
IV.) To defend the country and perform national services if and when the country requires
V.) To promote the spirit of harmony and brotherhood amongst all the people of India and renounce any practices that are derogatory to women
VI.) To cherish and preserve the rich national heritage of our composite culture
VII.) To protect and improve the natural environment including lakes, wildlife, rivers, forests, etc.
VIII.) To develop scientific temper, humanism, and spirit of inquiry
IX.) To safeguard all public property
X.) To strive towards excellence in all genres of individual and collective activities
XI.) To provide opportunities for education to children between 6-14 years of age, and duty as parents to ensure that such opportunities are being awarded to their child.
Also See: Next Chapter Extra Questions and Answer