**ML Aggarwal CBSE Solutions Class 7 Math 8th Chapter Percentage and its Application Exercise 8.2**

**(1) Find:**

**(i) 15% of 250**

**(ii) 25% of 120 litres**

**(iii) 1% of 1 hour**

**(iv) 75% of 1 kg**

**(v) 120% of Rs. 250**

**(vi) 0.6% of 2 km**

**(2) 8% children of a class of 25 like getting wet in the rain. How many children like getting wet in the rain?**

**(3) Vasundhara ate 3 ice creams cups out of 20 kept in the fridge. What percent did she eat?**

**SOLUTION Number 1, 2 & 3:**

**(4) Express:**

**(i) 20 as percentage of 50.**

**(ii) 60 litres as a percentage of 40 litres**

**(iii) 90 cm as a percentage of 4.5 m**

**(iv) 350 g as a percentage of 5.6 kg.**

**(5) What percent is:**

**(i) 12 to 80**

**(ii) 25 paise of 4 rupees**

**(iii) 300 g of 2 kg**

**(6) A school team won 6 games this year against 4 games won last year. What is the percent increase?**

**(7) The price of a shirt decreased from Rs. 80 to Rs. 60, find the percentage of decrease in the price of the shirt.**

**SOLUTION Number 4, 5, 6 & 7:**

**(8) My mother says, in her childhood petrol was Rs. 1 per litre. It is Rs. 65 per litre today. Vy what percentage has the prices of petrol gone up?**

**(9) Rate of basmati rice last year was Rs. 40 a kg. This year they are costly by 20%. What is the price this year?**

**(10) 300 students took an exam. 28% failed. Calculate the number of students who passed the exam.**

**(11) Out of 15000 voters in a constituency, 60% voted. Find the number of voters who did not vote.**

**SOLUTION Number 8, 9, 10 & 11:**

**(12) 20% of length of a flagpole is painted green, 45% is painted yellow and the remaining red. If the length of the pole is 18 m, what length of it is painted red?**

**(13) Chalk contains 10% calcium, 3% carbon, 12% oxygen and the remaining sand. Find the amount of carbon and calcium (in grams) in 5/2 kg of chalk. Also find the amount of sand (in kg).**

**(14) Find the whole quantity if:**

**(i) 25% of it is 9**

**(ii) 75% of it is 15**

**(iii) 12% of it is Rs. 1080**

**(iv) 8% of it is 40 litres.**

**(15) Mohini save Rs. 400 from her salary. If this is 10% of her salary, then what is her salary?**

**(16) 16% of the apples in a basket go bad. If there are 42 good apples in the basket, find the total number of apples in the basket.**

**SOLUTION Number 12, 13, 14, 15 & 16:**

**(17) In an examination, a student has to secure 45% marks to pass the exam. If Varun got 251 marks and failed by 19 marks, what are the maximum marks?**

**(18) On a rainy day, 94% of the students were present in a school. If the number of students absent on that day was 174, find the total strength of the school.**

**SOLUTION Number 17 & 18:**

**(19) 40% of the population of a town are men and 39% are women. If the number of children is 12600, find the number of men.**

**SOLUTION Number 19:**

**(20) If the price of a watch is increased by 15%, the increase in the price in the number of children is 12600, find the number of men.**

**(21) (i) Find the number which when increased by 30% becomes 39.**

**(ii) Find the number which when decreased by 8% becomes 506.**

**(22) The price of a shirt is reduced by 7% to Rs. 465. What is its original price?**

**SOLUTION Number 20, 21 & 22:**