Maharashtra Board Class 9 History Solution Chapter 5 – Education
Balbharati Maharashtra Board Class 9 History Solution Chapter 5: Education. Marathi or English Medium Students of Class 9 get here Education full Exercise Solution.
|Maharashtra Class 9|
History and Political Science Solution
(1) The scientist who developed the Param-8000 supercomputer
(a) Dr Vijay Bhatkar (b) Dr R. H. Dave (c) P Parthasarathy (d) None of the above
Ans) (a) Dr Vijay Bhatkar
(2) The magazine Jeevan Shikshan is published by the following institute
(a) Balbharati (b) University Education Commission (c) MSCERT
Ans) (c) MSCERT
(3) The educational institution called IIT is famous for education in the area of
(a) Agriculture (b) Medicine (c) Skilled managers (d) Engineering
2.) Complete the activity as per the given instruction.
(1) Complete the table below with details about individuals in the education field and their work. Individual Work
First education minister of India – MaulanaAbulKalam Azad
Dr D. S. Kothari – Chairman of the University Education Commission
Prof Sayyad Rauf – Prepared curriculum for Stds I to VII OF Maharashtra State Board.
Anutai Wagh – Kosbad Project
3.) Explain the following statements with reasons.
(1) The District Primary Education Programme was undertaken.
Ans) 1994, the District Primary Education Programme (DPEP) was started in the year 1994. The programme has undertakento envisage 100% attendance in primary schools and arresting student drop-out. Education for girls and for the physically handicapped was also included into the programme. Evaluation of primary education, alternative education, creating societal awareness, etc .were main part of the programme.It was implemented in seven States including Maharashtra.
(2) The NCERT was established.
Ans) The NCERT was established on 1st of September 1961.The full form ofNCERT National Council of Educational Research and Training. The reason behind establishing this is to do educational research and development programmes. It also provides training, extension, educational programmes and restructuring of school curriculum and textbooks to the schools. The main objective of establishing NCERT is to help the Central Government in matters of school education in the context of a comprehensive policy and in implementing educational schemes.
(3) The farmers were benefited by the Indian Agricultural Research Institute.
Ans) The farmers were benefited by the Indian Agricultural Research Institute because it was established to do work for the development of the agriculture sector. It has well-equipped laboratories, soil science, agricultural sciences, economic botany and other departments. They have started research on wheat, pulses, oilseeds, vegetables and many other problems. Again,its fundamental research on the methods of taking multiple crops in a year benefited the farmers.
4.) Write short notes on
(1) Indira Gandhi National Open University
Ans) ) Indira Gandhi National Open University was established on 20 September 1985. It was named after Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. It was established to provide distance education, open education and education for all the household of the country. For that it has given chance to those who are unable to get a college education in the formal way. They are given concessions in eligibility criteria, age and other conditions for admission to this university. An audio-visual distance education programme through Akashvani and Doordarshan has also started by IGNOU in the year 1990.
(2) Kothari Commission
Ans)) Kothari Commission was started in 1964 under the Chairmanship of Dr D. S. Kothari. The Commission recommended the 10+2+3 pattern for secondary, higher secondary and university education. This system was implemented from 1972. The objectives of the commission were-
- Modernisation of Education.
- Uniform national system of education.
- Use of mother tongue, Hindi and English in education.
- It recommended for the adult education, education by correspondence and open universities.
Ans) The Maharashtra State Bureau of Textbook Production and Curriculum Research is called )Balbharati. It was established in Pune on 27 January 1967. Balbharati prepares textbooks for school children of 1st to 12th standards. These textbooks are made in eight languages, namely, Marathi, Hindi, English, Urdu, Kannad, Sindhi, Gujarati and Telugu. Balbharati also published ‘Kishor’, a monthly magazine for children,
5.) Answer the following questions in detail.
(1) Which programmes were included in the Operation Blackboard scheme?
Operation Blackboard has started in 1988 by the central government to spread the primary education.Programmes which were included in the Operation Blackboard scheme are-
1.) It has taken initiatives to improve educational standards by providing at least two proper classrooms, toilets, a blackboard, maps, laboratory apparatus, a small library, a playground, sports equipment, etc.
2.) One of the two teachers should be female.
(2) What role do the agriculture schools/ colleges play in the development of agriculture?
Ans) Due to the agricultural schools/ colleges the farmers got benefited as they helped to do the developmental work for the agriculture sector. The well-equipped laboratories, soil science, agricultural sciences, economic botany and other departments helped to do research works on different parts of agricultural problems. They have started research on wheat, pulses, oilseeds, vegetables and many other problems. Again, its fundamental research on the methods of taking multiple crops in a year benefited the farmers. So we may say that agricultural schools/ colleges play an important role in the development of agriculture.
(3) Describe with examples the progress that India has made in the field of medicine.
Ans) The Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR) was established in the year 1949.It was established for conducting research in the medical field. They have started twenty-six centres in different parts of the country for research on various diseases. Their research has made it possible to control tuberculosis and leprosy. All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) was established to put feather on advanced education and research in medicine. Apart from undergraduate and postgraduate courses in medicine the institute also provides medical treatment to the common people at nominal rates. For further development of the medical field, the Medical Council of India was restructured in 1958 and was entrusted with the task of determining criteria for quality of medical education, its supervision and inspection. The Central Council for Research in Indian Medicine and Homoeopathy was established in 1969to bring development in the Ayurvedic, Naturopathy, Unani and Homoeopathy systems of medicine. Later Central Council for Research in UnaniMedicine , Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy and Central Council for Research in Yoga and Nature Cure replaced this. Again, Tata Memorial Centre is also functioning as the national centre for treatment, research and education in relation to cancer.