Maharashtra Board Class 9 English Chapter 2.6 The Past in the Present Solution

Maharashtra Board Class 9 English Solution Chapter 2.6 – The Past in the Present

Balbharati Maharashtra Board Class 9 English Solution Chapter 2.6: The Past in the Present. Marathi or English Medium Students of Class 9 get here The Past in the Present full Exercise Solution.


Maharashtra Class 9

English Solution


The Past in the Present

(1.) We find the following in the script of a skit or play. Rearrange these steps in the proper order and write them down in the form of a flow chart.








(2) Think of a play/skit which you have seen enacted on the stage and which has impressed you. Write the following details about it.

Name of the play – Macbeth.

Characters- Lady and Lord Macbeth, three witches, Lord Macduff, Lord Banquo, King Duncan, Malcolm.

Theme- Ambition leading to one’s end.

Climax – Macduff defeating Macbeth and killing him.

Ending- Malcolm taking his father place as the king

My opinion – Macbeth is a literary classic, it is a Shakespeare’s tragedy that was always will be appreciated by the audience. I believe the play is brilliantly written. The play implies the fact that good and bad characters are overlapping in us.

(3) Present these points in the form of a review, and give it a suitable title.

Ans: – Macbeth is a Shakespeare’s tragedy which is and will always be appreciated by the audience. It is inspired by real historical event in the 9th century in Scotland .The main characters of the play are Lord and lady Macbeth, the three witches, lord macduff, lord Banquo, king Duncan and Malcolm .The theme of merciless ambition leading to one’s face is all we can relate. The play reaches its peak when Macbeth meets his end in the first battle. The play has a happy ending as Malcolm becomes the king.


(1.) In the diagram below encircle the various features that make the script of a skit/ play. List the other words and mention the form of writing of which it is a feature.

Ans: – The features that make the script of a play are – Live dialogues, list of characters, stage scenes, actions, and specified costumes, lead line is a feature of a viewers report. Features of a letter are salutations sender’s address. Diagram is a characteristic of information transfer.

(2.) Choose the proper alternative to complete the following.

 (i) The skit covers a period of about in the past.

(a) 3000 years

(b) 1000 years

(c) 5000 years

(d) 1800 years

Ans: – 5000 years.

(ii) Characters from Neel’s ancestral lineage make an appearance in the play.

(a) Fourteen

(b) Seven

(c) Sixteen

(d) Twelve

Ans: – Fourteen.

 (iii)The task that all boys abhorred was

(a) Cleaning up their room

(b) farm-work

(c) Filling up water

 (d) Making their beds.

Ans: – making their beds.

(iv)The skit conveys that doing your daily chores at home

(a) Makes you stronger

(b) Sharpens your intellect

(c) Saves a lot of expenses

 (d) Inculcates a sense of responsibility

Ans: – inculcates a sense of responsibility.

(3.) Fill in the table.

Period Way of Addressing a Mother Boy’s Costume Lady’s Costume Daily Chores Games
1950s mumma Loose trousers and shirt silk saree Waitress garden, bringing groceries, dusting& cleanings rooms & cycle  
1910 mummy Kurta pyjama and cap Wine yard daree ,hose ring & jewellery Sweeping terrace, collecting wood ,cleaning clothes Playing at the riverside with friends.

(4.) Answer in your own words.

 (a) What excuses did Neel give to avoid cleaning his room?

Ans:- to avoid cleaning Neel give the excuses that  he just cleaned his room two days back .He also says that his bed is again going to get messed up as he will rest after lunch so its of he use cleaning it.

(b) Why does mother tell Neel about his Grandpa?

Ans: – Neel’s mother tells Neel about his grandpa to make him realize how easy is his life is .she wanted him to realize that his grandpa had to maintain chores both inside and outside the house and led to tough life.

(c) What task did Grandpa wish to avoid?

Ans: – Neel’s grandpa just like him avoided to make his better.

(d) What did the ancestor from 1910 wish to do instead of making his bed?

Ans: – The ancestor of Neel wished to play his friend at the riverside instead of making his bed

(e) How many chores did the ancestor from 1800 have to do?

Ans: – The ancestor from 1800 had to many chores like chopping wood, fining broken fence, take the farm to garage and wash and dry clothes.

(f) How is the boy from 1500s dressed?

Ans: – The boy from 15000 is dressed in a sleeper v neck top and dhoti.

(g) What chores did the boys from 1000 CE and 1st Century CE, do on their farms/fields?

Ans: – The boys from 1000 century to 1st had to fetch water and water their crops, clear the blocked channels and pull out. The boy from 1st century had to tend the sheep. Feed the poultry and also poster with a dung.

(h) What did Neel realize from his encounter with his ancestors?

Ans: – After meeting his ancestors Neel realized that he had a easier life compared to his ancestors. His ancestor had a tough life as they had to maintain both household chores and help their family with other chores.

(5.) In the play two devices that make use of wheels are given.

 Ans: – The devices are

(1) Bicycle.

(2) Grinding stones.

 From the internet or other sources, trace the history of the use of the wheel. Write ‘An Autobiography of a Wheel’.

Ans: ‘An Autobiography of a Wheel’.

I am a helpful friend, the wheel. I was born in the pre- historic times. When people saw a log rolling up the hill, they realized that a round object can spin and move objects with it. They slowly shaped and development me in a similar shape you knew me now. I was joined by my friend, the aale, I was used by children to play, man used me for pottery, women used me to grind grains, to make carts and later used for transport .it was pulled by horse, cows. Later I was used in mills to draw water. Gradually I started developing era more and on attached to cars, trains, and even planes. I was creating electricity from a spinning version of me called the turbine. I am busy working everywhere for everyone’s benefit. I just wanted to tell my story to everyone.

(6.) Imagine that the ancestor from 1910 (AD) visits Neel in his dream. Compose a dialogue between the two about the various gadgets the visitor sees in Neel’s room.

Ans: – Pratap from 1910 visits Neel in his dreams.

Pratap: hello Neel! How are you? Do you know me?

Neel: I remember Pratap was my great great grandfather’s name, I hope I am right!

Pratap: Yes, you are right! I am happy to see you! But as far as I can see, you don’t like cleaning your room.

Neel: I am doing good and yes mom has asked me to clean my room which I don’t like doing .but now that you have come I’ll tidy up my room as fast as I can.

Pratap: You are a good boy Neel! YOU ARE MORE OBEDIENT THAN I WAS. But what are these things in your hands?

Neel: Oh! These are my gadgets.

Pratap: I have never seen anything like this! Please tell me more about these.

Neel: These are headphones and we use them to listen to music anywhere and everywhere.

Pratap: Wow! In our times we only had a gramophone.

Neel: That’s exactly what these are, smaller version of gramophones.

Pratap: And what that small bon sort of thing connected to?

Neel: It called a mobile phone just like a telephone but a smaller and portable version of it.

Pratap: But it looks more complicated!

Neel: We can click picture, watch movie, play games as well .I wish you had all these gadgets in your time as well!

Pratap: Neel! We did not need these objects to have fun. Our times were much similar. Make me promise Neel to never let objects take control of our life. Happiness should come from inside

Neel: I promise grandpa! I will always treasure my loved ones more than the materialistic things. Thank you grandpa I will always remember your advice.

(7.) Imagine and compare an argumentative dialogue between the mothers of the 20th/21st century and those of the earlier era, about which life was better for women.

Ans: – Neel’s mom – I love my job as a manager in the office. It is very tiring but my only concern is to give Neel my attention and spend more time with him.

Deepak’s mother: – (1950)- I love my job too! But I am not treated equally to the men in my office. However I manage to give my kids at least sometime in a day.

Raja’s mother :- (1800) – My only work is to do household chores. I wish I could have even studied to get a superior position. But I make sure my kids get enough care and attention.

Jaish’s mom (3000 C E):- I enjoy hunting and getting food for my family. But I want to spend more time doing what I love.

Neel’s mom: – I think I can give him all the materialistic happiness. I wish  I could give him all my time and care.

Deepak’s mom: – I try and give what are he needs and he also works hand for himself.

Raja’s mom: – I am unable to give him anything except myself not even knowledge. But I am sure I can give him all my time, love and working mother can give.

Jaish’s mom: – He hunts since his childhood. I wish I could more for him so that he could do whatever he wanted.

Raja’s mom: – Is n’t there any era where we are happy doing what we’re able to?

Deepak’s mom: – Yes, why do we always keep pushing ourselves to do more when we’re doing so much.

Neel’s mom: – May be that’s why we are mothers. We never stop trying not only for our sake but for our children’s sake.

(8) Read the entry about ‘voice’ in the ‘Language Study’ pages. Note that the speeches of all the boys are in the ‘active’ voice. Turn them into passive constructions.


(1) 1950s Boy – I have cleaned the garden (A)

The garden has been cleaned by me (P)

(2) brought home the groceries (A)

The groceries have been bought home by me (P)

(3) dusted the living room (A)

The living room has been dusted by me (P)

(9) Think of suitable names for the boys from the earlier centuries.

Ans: – (i) 1950’s Ashok

(ii) 1910 Pratap

(iii) Krishna 1800’s

(iv) 1500’s Malhar.

(v) 1000 Ramakrishna

(vi) 100C E krishnadeva

(vii) 3000 B C A – Jaish.

Updated: November 19, 2020 — 1:27 pm

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