Maharashtra Board Class 9 Civics Solution Chapter 5 – India and other Countries
Balbharati Maharashtra Board Class 9 Civics Solution Chapter 5: India and other Countries. Marathi or English Medium Students of Class 9 get here India and other Countries full Exercise Solution.
|Maharashtra Class 9|
History and Political Science Solution
India and other Countries
1.) Choose the correct option from the given options and complete the statements.
(1) The country that has a free international border with India
(a) Pakistan (b) Bangladesh (c) Nepal (d) Myanmar
Ans) (c) Nepal
(2) The countries that have tensed relations with India
(a) Pakistan and China. (b) Nepal and Bhutan (c) Myanmar and Maldives (d) Afghanistan and America.
Ans) (a) Pakistan and China.
(3) Factors that have an influence on the relations between India and Pakistan
(a) Difference in the world view of both the countries. (b) Kashmir issue (c) Nuclear Rivalry (d) All of the above
Ans) (d) All of the above
2.) State whether the following statements are true or false. Give reasons for your answer.
(1) India has an important position among the South Asian countries. (T)
(2) Sino-Indian relations are friendly. (F)
Sino-Indian relations are not friendly as there are several conflicts between India and China.
(3) India sent a peacekeeping force to help the Sri Lankan government.(T)
4.) Explain the following concepts.
(1) Shimla Agreement
Ans) The Shimla Agreement was held between India and Pakistan in the year 1972.The Agreement was signed between Indira Gandhi and Zulfiqar Ali Bhuttoto provide a new format to the interaction between India and Pakistan.
(2) Indo-Nepalese friendship treaty
Ans) Indo-Nepalese friendship treaty was held in the year 1950 to lay down the foundation of friendship between India and Nepal. Nepal is a landlocked country and its boundary is linked with India and China. According to this treaty, Nepalese citizens got the permission to get enter into India and they are also permitted to take up government jobs and carry on trade in India.
(3) Macmahon Line
Ans) It is an international line between India and China.China always claims that Macmahon line (Arunachal Pradesh) is Chinese Territory and not willing to agree that Macmahon Line is an international border. India made several failed efforts to sort this border dispute by means of dialogue. In 1962 China attacked India for this.
(4) Indo-Afghanistan Relations
Ans) India always helped to bring peace, security and stability in Afghanistan and always helped to curb violence and establish a democratic government. India also helped Afghanistan in re-establishing communication facilities that have got destroyed due to war, helped to build roads, and cooperate in the fields of scienceand technology. India helped to build schools, health facilities and irrigation projects.
5.) Answer in brief.
(1) Explain the background of cooperative relations between India and America.
Ans) There was huge tension in between India and America when India conducted nuclear tests in 1998. Many rounds of discussions improved the relations between them and America came to believe that India will use its nuclear weapons with responsibility. Then the cooperative relations between India and America again improved.
(2) Give some information about the efforts taken by India for the establishment of democracy in neighbouring countries with examples.
Ans) Efforts taken by India for the establishment of democracy in neighbouring countries are-
With Afghanistan : India always helped to bring peace, security and stability in Afghanistan and always helped to curb violence and establish a democratic government. India also helped Afghanistan in re-establishing communication facilities that have got destroyed due to war, helped to build roads, and cooperate in the fields of science and technology. India helped to build schools, health facilities and irrigation projects.
With Bangladesh : India helped Bangladesh to get freedom. They have signed some treaties regarding sharing river waters, the sharing of border etc. Now trade relations between the two countries are growing.
With Nepal : After the Indo-Nepalese Friendship Treaty Nepalese citizens got the permission to get enter into India and they are also permitted to take up government jobs and carry on trade in India. Nepal is dependent upon India for economic progress, basic facilities, food related needs, trade and energy.
With Bhutan : India took the responsibility to bear the defence facility of Bhutan and again it has cooperated Bhutan in the project to produce hydro power.
With Myanmar : Trade and other exchange have increased as because Myanmar is the India’s door to the South East Asian countries. Again India will be able to import natural gas from Myanmar.
With Maldives : Maldives was helped by India in the development of basic facilities or infrastructure, health and communication.Cooperation in the military field also started between the two countries. These two countries have made treaties on cooperation in space research, conservation of historical objects , tourism and against terrorism.
(3) What is the role of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation ?
Ans) South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) established in 1985.It is a regional organisation.To encourage economic cooperation between South Asian nationsand to work for the development of South Asian nations are the responsibility of it. Here onlySouth Asian countries come together to discuss common questions and interests like poverty, development of agriculture and technological revolution. According to some treaties done by SAARC it has been decided that South Asia should be made into a free trade area. For an equitable development of South Asian nations, a treaty about forming South Asian Free Trade Area was signed and South Asian University was established.