Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solution Chapter 8 – Civil Disobedience Movement
Balbharati Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solution Chapter 8: Civil Disobedience Movement. Marathi or English Medium Students of Class 8 get here Civil Disobedience Movement full Exercise Solution.
Maharashtra Class 8
|History and Civics Solution|
Civil Disobedience Movement
1.) RAMSAY MAC DONALD organaised the Round Table conference in London.
2.) Khan abdul Gafar khan established the organization named KHUDA-I-KHIDMATGAR.
3.) MAHATMA GANDHI led the Dharasana Satyagraha.
4.) In the second Round table Conference SAROJINI NAIDU participated as a representative of Indian National Congress.
(2.) Explain the following statements with reasons.
1.) Chandrasingh Thakur was court martialled and severely punished.
ANS:- Before beginning the Civil disobedience movement Gandhiji put up various demands in front of the British Government. Then he launch Satyagraha all over India by braking th salt act. In the north west frontier Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan started Satyagraha at Peshwar. Then the British government gave orders to the Garhwal regiment to carry out open firing on the Satyagrahis, but Chandrasing Thakur, an officer of Garhwal Regiment refused to open fire . He was court matialled and was given a severe punishment.
2.) THE GOVERNMENT DECLARED MARTIAL LAW AT SOLAPUR.
ANS:- Gandhiji was involved in a peaceful, nonviolent civil salt March to oppose The British imposition of tax on salt. Then he was arrested. This led to the severe outburst of people. A hige procession was organaised in Solapur. The district collector gave orders on firing on the Procession. Many volunteers along with Shankar Shivadre died in the firing. As a result people started attacking police station.,railway stations, courts tc. Then for this situation Government Decleared Martial law at Solapur.
3.) THE DELIBERATIONS IN THE FIRST ROUND TABLE CONFERENCE PROOVED TO BE MEANINGLESS.
ANS:- The First round table conference was from 12th November 1932 to 19th January 1931. Gandhiji had already started the civil disobedience movement on behalf of the INC. Representatives of different political parties in India and rulers of Princely states participated in the conference. But INC did not take pariticipate on it. The INC was A body that represented the country. Without its participation , the deliberations in the first round table conference proved to be meaningless.
4.) GANDHIJHI BEGAN FAST UNTO DEATH IN THE YERWADA JAIL.
ANS:- Dr. B.R Ambedkar represented the Dalits in the round table conference. He demanded separate electorates for the Dalits. After that British prime minister Ramsay Macdonald decleared ‘Communal Awards’. According this, Dalits were given separate electorates. Gandhiji did not accept it. By protesting against the granting of separate electorate on the basis of caste Gandhiji went fast unto death at yerwada jail.
(3.) Answer the following questions in 25 to 30 words.
1.) WHY DID GANDHIJI DECIDE TO BREAK THE SALT ACT TO BEGIN THE SATYAGRAHA ALL OVER THE COUNTRY?
ANS:- IN 1882 the British announced the salt act. After the Complete independence Gandhiji decided to launch the Civil disobedience movement. Before beginning the movement Gandhiji put up various demands in front of the British Government. One of the most important demand was to cancel the salt tax and monopoly of British government for manufacture of salt. But Gandhiji then rejected by the Government . Then he decided to launch Satyagraha all over the country.
2.) WHY DID THE INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS WITHDRAW THE CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE MOVEMENT?
ANS:- Gandhiji returned to India from second round table conference with a dejected mind. Then Gandhiji was arrested for starting the Civil Disobedience movement. Hence there was discontent among the people. There was a strangling of civic rights everywhere. The INC and its institutions were decleared illegal. Finaly Gandhiji withdraw the movement in 1934 and the phase of Civil Disobedience Movement Came to an end.
(4.) Complete the following timeline of Civil Disobedience Movement.
i) 12th March 1930:- Start Salt March from Sabarmati Ashram.
ii) 6th April 1930:- End Salt March at Dandi.
iii) 23rd April 1930:- Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan started Satyagraha at Peshwar.
iv) 4th May n1930:- Gandhiji was arrested near Dandi.
v)6th May 1930:- Satyagraha started at Solapur.