Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solution Chapter 3 – Effects of British rule
Balbharati Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solution Chapter 3: Effects of British rule. Marathi or English Medium Students of Class 8 get here Effects of British rule full Exercise Solution.
|Std||Maharashtra Class 8|
|Subject||History and Civics Solution|
|Chapter||Effects of British rule|
(1.) REWRITE THE STATEMENTS BY CHOOSING THE APPROPRIATE OPTIONS.
1.) Portugese, DUTCH,French, British participated in the competition of capturing Indian market.
2.) In 1802 Peshwa BAJIRAO II signed the subsidiary alliance with the british.
3.) Jamshedjee Tata started the manufacturing of steel industry established in JAMSHEDPUR.
(2.) EXPLAIN THE FOLLOWING CONCEPTS:-
1.) CIVIL SERVICES:- Civil service is the permanent and rigid bodies of a country or state. Lord Cornawallis introduced bureaucracy. Civil service became an important part of British Government.Civil services include the governing and administration of the states crucial functions which are mostly decision making. It is responsible for solving the day to day issues of public and the common man. For the convenience of administration he divided the British occupied territories into districts. The district collector was responsible for collection of revenue. Due to this Britishers gained economic benefit but India started facing conomic exploitation.
2.) COMMERCIALISATION OF AGRICULTURE:- EARLIER WHAT farmers produce was only for their sustainability. Initially food grains were cultivated by the farmers. The British Government started giving more encouragement to cash crops like cotton, Indigo, tobacco, tea, etc. The processs of giving stress on cultivation of profit giving cash crops instead of food grains is known as Commercialisation of agriculture. Hence the crops and produce was cultivated by the peasants and the farmers . now it is used for sale in the market and not for their own livelihood.
3.) ECONOMIC POLICY OF BRITISH:- The main economic policy of the british government was land settlement and the zamindari system. So the Indian agriculture became vary obsolete and backward. All the produce was taken by the rulers of british india. Even though they ruled here. They never changes the basic Indian Economic system. ENgland was a modern nation. Due to industrial revolution capitalist economy prevailed. Hence they inculated an economic system in India. Due this Britishers gained economic benefit but India started facing economic exploitation.
(3.) EXPLAIN THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS WITH REASONS:-
1.) FARMERS IN INDIA BECAME BANKRUPT.
ANS:- Farmers took a loan from the moneylender, and the as the middleman who exploited the farmers. The farmers had to sell their products at a low price to the merchants. They had to sell in whatever price it was demanded. The farmers had to mortgage their land when they could not pay their loan back to the moneylender. This led to a terrific cycle of taking more loans which eventually led to bankruptcy. In case of non repayment loan the farmer had to sell his land.
2.) THERE WAS DECLINE OF TRADITIONAL INDUSTRIES IN INDIA.
ANS:- The Indian traditional textiles industries had a decline because of the following reasons:-
(i) The products of India had a high demand in Europe so the british imports product in Europe.
(ii) The textiles industries were not allowed to flourish in india.
(iii) The british government obtained huge taxes on goods exported from India. Also the goods manufactured in England were machine made and hence there was a maximum production at minimum cost. To complete Eventually it led to closing down of traditional industries and many artisans became unemployed.
(4.) COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING TABLE-
|He passed many reforms which helped the Indian workers, he raise the salaries of the employees , reduce the revenue, he recognized the judiciary and revised administration system in india.|
|LORD WILLIAM BENTICK.||Passed Sati prohibition act.|
|LORD DALHOUSIE.||Non regulation system and centralization of Indian territories as he wanted the consolidation of british india. Father of railway introduced by him in 1853 from Bombay to thane.|
|WILLIAM JONES||Established Asiatic society of Bengal.|