Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solution Chapter 13 – Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence
Balbharati Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solution Chapter 13: Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence. Marathi or English Medium Students of Class 8 get here Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence full Exercise Solution.
|Std||Maharashtra Class 8|
|Subject||History and Civics Solution|
|Chapter||Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence|
(1.) Rewrite the statements by choosing the appropriate options.
1.) There were more than six hundred small and big PRINCELY STATES in India.
2.) All the princely states merged with India except the states of Junagad,HYDERABAD, Kashmir.
(2.) Explain the following statements with reasons
1.) JUNAGAD MERGED WITHIN INDIA.
ANS:- Junagad was a princely state in Saurashtra. The people there wanted to be merged with India. But the nawab of Junagad was thinking of joining Pakistan. The people strongly opposed his decision and the Nawab left for Pakistan. Later in February 1948, Junagad got merged into India.
2) THE INDIAN GOVERNMENT STARTED POLICE ACTION AGAINST THE NIZAM.
ANS:- The princely state of Hyderabad, also known as the Hyderabad Deccan was a princely state located in the south central region of the Indian Union. To reject the demand of people of Hyderabad to be merged with India. associate of Nizam formed an organaisation known as ‘razakar’. Many peole supported then the democratic movement. Due to it there was inflammation of public opinion. The government tried to negotiate patiently with the Nizam but he refused to respond. At last then Indian Government started the police action against the Nizam on 13th September 1948. It That was named was ‘ Operation Polo’.
3.) HARI SINGH SIGNED THE ‘INSTRUMENT OF ACCESSION’ WITH INDIA.
ANS:- Hari singh, the ruler of state of Kashmir, had decided to remain independent. Pakistan had intended to secure the merger of Kashmir with Pakistan. Due to this Pakistan started putting pressure on Hari Singh. At the instigation of Pakistan, armed intruders attacked Kashmir in 1947. At that time Hari singh signed the ‘Instrument of Accession’ with India.
(3.) Answer the following questions in brief
1.) EXPLAIN THE CONTRIBUTION OF SARDAR VALLBHBHAI PATEL IN THE INTEGRATION OF PRINCELY STATES.
ANS:- Princely states was a subsidiary state under a regional ruler during the British Empire in India. Due to the influence of non co-operation movement,there was beginning of political awakening among the princely states. In 1927 praja mandals came together and formed an ‘All India state’s people conference’. Due to it the movement of princely states got an impetus. After the independence of India then the home minister Sardar Vallabhbhai patel very diplomatic found out the way of merging the princely states in India. He took the rulers of the princely states into confidence and prepared an ‘Instrument of Accession’, acceptable to all. Then He convinced the princely rulers the benefit of merging into India.Then the rulers gave good response to his appeal. All the princely states merged into India,except the state of Junagad,Hyderabad, and Kashmir. Sardar patel took a firm stand and solved the issue of merger of princely states.
2.) EXPLAIN THE CONTRIBUTION OF SWAMI RAMANANDA TIRTH IN THE STRUGGLE FOR LIBERATION OF HYDERABAD.
ANS:- Swami Ramnanda Tirth was an important figure in the Hyderabad liberation movement. In hyderabad, there was the autocratic rule of the Nizam over these provinces. There was absence of civil and political rights. To secure these rights, the people formed organaisationa such as Andhra Parishad in the Telengana region, Maharashtra parishad in the Marathwada region. In 1938 Swami Ramananda Tirth formed the Hyderabad state congress. The Nizam banned this organaisation . A struggle began for getting recognition to Hyderabad state congress and democratic rights. This struggle was led by Swami Ramananda tirth. The Nizam started making movements for merging of Hyderabad state with Pakistan. To reject the demand of people of Hyderabad to be merged with India an associate of Nizam formed an organaisation ‘Razakar’. Due to democratic movement there was inflammation of public opinion. At last the Indian government started the police action against the Nizam on 13th September. It was named as ‘Operation polo’.The Nizam surrendered on 17th September and Hyderabad was annexed to the Indian union. Thus the ability of Swami Ramananda tirth combined with the diplomatic and military actions of the Indian union resulted in the integration of Hyderabad with the Indian union.