Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solution Chapter 11 – Struggle for Equality
Balbharati Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solution Chapter 11: Struggle for Equality. Marathi or English Medium Students of Class 8 get here Struggle for Equality full Exercise Solution.
Maharashtra Class 8
|History and Civics Solution|
Struggle for Equality
1.) RAKHMABAI JANAR founded the Red Cross society at Rajkot.
2.) SANE GURUJI was the president of mill workers union at Ammalner.
3.) The President of the first session of AITUC was LALA LAJPAT RAI.
(2.) WRITE SHORT NOTES-
1.) SOCIAL WORK OF VITTHAL RAMJI SHINDE:- Maharshi Vitthal Ramji Shinde was one of the most important social and religious reformer of India. In 1906 he started the ‘Depressed classes Mission’ for the progress of the dalits. The important part of their work was to make the dalits self respectful, well educated and engaged in work. For his purpose he founded Marathi schools, work schools in parts of parel, Deonar in Mumbai. He actively took part for the benefit of dalit class regarding Satyagrahaat Pune.
2.) REFORMS OF RAJARSHI SHANU MAHAAJ IN THE STATE OF KOLHAPUR.
ANS:- Rajarshi Shanu Maharaj was the king of the state of Kolhapur. He supported Babasaheb Ambedkar.He led the non Brahmin Movement. He made revolutionary declaration for reservation in state of Kolhapur. He made a law for fre and compulsory rimary education. He did substantial work for abolition of caste distinction.In this regards, during meeting and conferences shanu maharaj ate food from the hands of Dalit People. He believed that til the restriction on inte marriage is followed till when the caste distinction will not be uprooted. In 1918 he abolished the ‘Balutedari System’ by granting the permission for practicing any work by any caste which abolished social slavery.
(3.) Explain the following statements with reasons.
1.) THE GOVERNMENT DECIDED TO CRUSH DOWN THE COMMUNIST MOVEMENT.
ANS:- India was slowly introduced to the concept of communism and it take as a social reform weapon. In 1925 the communist party was formed in India. The work of building militant oganaisations of wokers and peasents was done by the young communists. The British government started feeling the danger of communist movement. Many member were arrested. They were charged with planning of a conspiracy to overthrow the British rule. They were given different punishments. The trial took place in meerut. This caused the government decided to crush down the communist movement.
2.) DR.BABASAHEB AMBEDKAR STARTED NEWSPAPERS LIKE ‘MUKHNAYAK’ BAHISHKRUT BHARAT ETC.
ANS:- In 1930 babasaheb ambedkar started satyagraha for the entry of Dalits in the kalaram temple at Nasik. This Satyagraha led by Karmaveer Dadasaheb Gaikwad. Then Newspaper was an integral part of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar’s movement. To create awakening in the society and to voice out their grief, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar started newspaper like ‘Mukhnayak’, ‘Bahishkrut Bharat’ etc
3.) THERE AROUSED A NEED OF NATION WIDE WORKERS UNION.
ANS:- In the 19th century textile mills, Railway companies and many other industries were started in India. In this period efforts were made to solve the problem of the workers. Lokhande;s contribution to the working class movement was so valuable that he is described as ‘Father of Indian Workers movement’. At the same time agitation was launched. In 1899 the Great Indian Penisular Railway workers carried out strikes from time to time n support of Swadeshi. Due to industrialization there was rise of workers in India and then there aroused a need of Nation wide workers union.
(4.) Answer the following questions in brief.
1.) WHY WAS STRUGGLE FOR EQUALITY IMPORTANT IN THE MAKING OF MODERN INDIA?
ANS:- In the progress of modern India , struggle for political freedom was important in that time. This struggle was based on nbroad philosophy of man’s emancipation. Therefore in the course of this struggle along with political dependence there was opposition to things like feudalism, social inequality, economic exploitation. Like freedom the principle of equality is very important. From that point of view the contribution of movements built up by various social groups such as farmers, workers, women, etc as well as the stream of socialism giving importance of equality proves to be significant. Without realizing its contribution we will not be able to understand the developmental process of Modern India.
2.) WRITE ABOUT THE WORK OF SANE GURUJI IN EASTERN KHANDESH.
ANS:- In 1938 the crops in eastern khandesh were destroyed due to heavy rains. The condition of the farmers was miserable. In order to get the land revenue waived, sane Guruji organaised meetings and processions at many places. He took out marches on the collector office. The peasants participated in large numbers in the revolutionary period of 1942. He built up unty of the workers. He tried to create strong centre of workers union at Dhuleammalner. He was the vpresident of Mill workers union of Ammalner. This acted as a catalyst to encourage peasent participation in the independence movement in later.
3.) HOW WAS THE STRUGGLE BUILT UP BY WORKERS DECISIVE FOR THE NATIONAL MOVEMENT?
ANS:- In the 19th century the struggle of workers was so important for Modern India organaisation. Several textile milles, railway companies etc were developed in the country in that time for increasing the quantity of workers. So the workers very often were exploited and vtheir requirements ignored. So the workers led to strike and the strike called by the GIP. For coorecting this issues there was need a unit of workers. That time means 1920 AITUC was established. Then the president was of AITUC lala lajpat rai. He told the workers to acivately participate in the National movement. Then many such of workers, railway workers were participated in it. In this process ultimately the struggles was beneficial for the Indian National Movement.
4.) DISCUSS THE NATURE OF REFORM MOVEMENT RELATED TO WOMEN.
ANS:- In the Indian social system women were given secondary position. Due to many evil practices they were subjected to injustice. But during the modern period some of the male reformers took initiative in the reform movement related to women. Women leaders started coming forward. Pandita Ramabai Ranade established ‘Arya mahila samaj’ and many others like ‘Seva sadan’ founded by ‘Ramabai Ranade. Bharat mahila parishad and ‘All India Women’s conference were founded as well. For th issues such as right to inheritance, right to vote etc. women had to struggle through the medium of these organaisations. Rakhmabai Janardan was the first practicing woman doctor in India. She delivered her speech about health issues of woman. She opened a branch of Red cross in Rajkot. During 20th century participation of women in the Nartional movement and revolutionary work were increase. The act 1935 enabled women to obtain positions in provincial ministers. After Independence gender equality has been a guaranteed right as mandated by the Constitution.