Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solution Chapter 1 – Sources of History
Balbharati Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solution Chapter 1: Sources of History. Marathi or English Medium Students of Class 8 get here Sources of History full Exercise Solution.
Maharashtra Class 8
|History & Civics Solution|
Sources of History
1. REWRITE THE STATEMENTS BY CHOOSING THE APPROPRIATE OPTIONS.
(1) Among the historical sources AUDIO VISUAL sources are based on modern technology.
(2)The AGA KHAN PALACE is a museum in pune which gives information about the history of Mahatma Gandhi.
(3.) A unique discovery of modern technology in 20th century is PHOTOGRAPH.
2.EXPLAIN THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS WITH REASONS-
( 1) DURING THE BRITISH PERIOD NEWSPAPERS ALSO ACTED AS SOURCE OF SOCIAL REFORMATION.
ANS: Newspaper can be defined as a ‘printed means of conveying current information’. It is the proud institution of the society and its basic function is to provide information, education, entertainment. The british period was marked by severe government control and censorship. If some newspapers print any news against the government then the strict penalty was given. Therefore in the late of18th and 19th century no reputed journalist or newspaper emerged. The newspaper acted as the source of social information as-
Newspaper initiated clear journalistic practices and covered the problems of local people and their lives.
Social reforms and political leaders had started contributing to the fieldof journalism
Renowned newspapers and social reformers-
Raja Ram mohan Roy recognized the power of newspapers and started a Bengali newspaper ‘Sambad kaumudi’ in 1822.
C.Y chintamani, N.C kelkar also started newspapers.
Fardaonji Murzban in 1822 started ‘ Bombay Samachar’ . He was a pioneer of the vernacular press in Bombay.
(2.) AUDIO VISUAL RECORDINGS ARE CONSIDERED AS THE MOST TRUSTWORTHY SOURCE FOR THE STUDY OF MODERN HISTORY.
ANS:- Audio literally means “Hearing” and “ visual” means that whih is found by seeing and hearing. Audio visual aids are also called instructional material which makes the knowledge clear to us. They are considered as the most trustworthy for the following reasons:-
Make learning situation as soon as possible. For example, in the case of studying the history of Indian freedom struggle, it becomes more real when the video clips of the freedom fighters are shown.
Give us firsthand knowledge through the organs of hearing and seeing.
It is prove that we see or hear than what we read. Seeing and hearing are the basic steps of experiencing. Therefore history which is the study of the events and incidents can be studied easily.
To make the learning experience more concrete and effective
Seeing videos and listening to talks helps in more effective learning.The visual experience of Gandhiji’s Dandi march or the documentary about the 1857 revolts is more concrete than mere classroom lectures.
More realistic and dynamic
The way of the learner experience the history of India becomes dynamic because of the enriched information and data which is included in a single audiom or video file.
3.WRITE SHORT NOTES Solution:-
1.PHOTOGRAPHS:- Photography is the communication without letters. The intentions of photography according to the situations. It has different roles in different in different period of time. It takes up great responsibility in society during the time of social emergencies.
AIMS OF PHOTOGRAPHY
1.Visual interpretations 2. Meditation to oneself 3.Creation of visual art. 4. Record an event. 5.Make viewers aware about a social situation.
2.MUSEUMS AND HISTORY:- The Museum is an institution thst tells the story of the man to the world over and how humanity has survived in its environment over the years. They are agents of change and development and future research. They are instruments of progress as they preserve actions and events in history. They help in promotion and a better better understanding of its heritage. The museum target teachers, students, youthys and women organaizations through popular forum discussion. They work as material sources of study that helps in detailed learning.
3.AUDIO SOURCES- Audio sources are captured sound on a recording medium for preservations and reproduction. Audio sources have reached to its digital era in the current period. Audio sources are components that playback audio. It has very important role in the field of education, information, entertainment and research. Audio sources can be made intentionally and unintentionally. Sound recording and its reproduction are defined as “ an electrical, mechanical, electronic, or digital inscription and recreation of sound waves.
Audio sources helps in-
1.) A detailed revision of the topic. 2.) A better understanding of the subjects. 3.) In case of repeated study, audio sources allow us to be hands free in most part of the time. 4.) Intentional and unintentional audio sources serve their purpose according to the need of the study.
4.COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING DIAGRAM Solution
1. Books 2.Museums 3. Monuments. 4. Buildings. 5.Currency 6.Cities and neighbourhood. 7.Goods and products 8.Transport