Maharashtra Board Class 8 Civics Solution Chapter 3 – The Union Executive
Balbharati Maharashtra Board Class 8 Civics Solution Chapter 3: The Union Executive. Marathi or English Medium Students of Class 8 get here The Union Executive full Exercise Solution.
Maharashtra Class 8
|History and Civics Solution|
The Union Executive
(1.) Choose the correct option and rewrite the statements.
1.) In India, the executive power is vested in the PRESIDENT.
2.) The tenure of the president is of FIVE years.
3.) The council of Ministers is led by the PRIME MINISTER.
(2.) Find and write
1.) The president, the prime Minister, the Council of Minister are called the- UNION EXECUTIVE.
2.) During the parliamentary session the period around 12 noon is known as THE ZERO HOUR.
(3.) Write on following concepts in your own words.
1.) IMPEACHMENT PROCEDURE:- The tenure of the President is five years. The person contesting the presidential elections should be an Indian citizen whose age should be at least 35 years. The responsibility of protecting the constitution is shouldered by the president. But if any act of president violates the constitution then the parliament has the authority to remove the president. This process is known as the process of Impeachment.
2.) NO CONFIDENCE MOTION:- This is one of the most effective ways to keep a check on the council of ministers. The government stays in power till it enjoys the support of majority in lok sabha. If the members of parliament withdraw the support, it may lead to loss of majority and the government cannot stay in power. The members of the house can move a no confidence motion by simply expressing ‘we do not have confidence in the government’. If the motion is passed with majority support then the council of ministers has to resign.
3.) JUMBO MINISTRY:- This refers to huge council of ministers. There was a trend to keep large council of ministers in our country. Later, a constitutional amendment was made to limit the size of the council of Ministers. As per this amendment, the number of ministers of the council should not be more than 15% of the total number of members of members in the Lok sabha.
(4.) Answer in brief.
1.) ENUMERATE THE FUNCTIONS OF THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERS.
ANS:- The functions of council of ministers-
1.) In a parliamentary form of government the council of ministers takes initiative in the process of law making. The scheme, policy etc are drafted and discussed and then introduced in the house. The council of ministers discusses important questionsbefore making decision.
2.) Education, agriculture, health, among others are subjects upon which the council of ministers has to decide specific policies or direction of work. The parliament needs to be taken into cionfidence about the policy decisions taken by the government.
3.) Implementation of policy is the foremost responsibility of the council og ministers. Once the parliament approves this laws, the council of ministers implements them.
2.) HOW DOES THE PARLIAMENT KEEP A CHECK ON THE EXECUTIVE?
ANS:- In a parliamentary system of government the legislature tries to keep control over the executive i.e the council of ministers. The control is exercised in the lawmaking or policy making process, implementation of policies and even after that. A few ways of exercising control are-
1.)Discussions and debates.
2.) Question hour.
3.) Zero hour.
4.) No confiodence motion.
(5.) FUNCTIONS OF PRESIDENT IN INDIA-
a) President appoints the prime minister and the other ministers.
b) He prologue the parliament and dissolve the lok sabha.
c) Bill passed by lok sabha and Rajya sabha must be signed by the President.
d) He appoints judges of the supreme court and high court and Governors of state’s.
e) He is the commander in chief of the armed forces.
f) The president has the power to reduce the punishment, grant a respite or commute a sentence of a person in special circumstances grant pardons on humanitarian grounds.
g) He has the power to declare emergency in case of a crisis situation arising in the country. There are three kinds of emergency. That’s are- 1)National Emergency. 2. State Emergency. 3. Financial Emergency.