Maharashtra Board Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 Introduction to the Parliamentary System Solution

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Civics Solution Chapter 1 – Introduction to the Parliamentary System

Balbharati Maharashtra Board Class 8 Civics Solution Chapter 1: Introduction to the Parliamentary System. Marathi or English Medium Students of Class 8 get here Introduction to the Parliamentary System full Exercise Solution.

Std

Maharashtra Class 8

Subject

History and Civics Solution
Chapter

Introduction to the Parliamentary System


EXERCISE SOLUTION

(1.) Choose the correct option and rewrite the statements.

1.) Parliamentary system of government developed in ENGLAND.

2.) In the Presidential system PRIME MINISTER  is the executive head.

(2.)  COMPLETE THE TABLE-

   

     NAME OF THE INSTITUTION

          

                    FUNCTIONS.

 

1.) Legislature.

  1.) Making, amending and replacing of law.

2.) Lawa are made as ‘bills’.

3.) Bills are approved as laws.

 

 

2.) Executive.

1.) Implementation of laws made by parliament.

 

 

3.)  Judiciary.

1.) Protecting the rights of the individual advisory.

2.) Supports the existing political system.

 (3. ) Explain the following statements with reasons.

1.) INDIA ADOPTED THE PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT.

ANS:- The parliamentary system of government developed primarily in England. We can see some broad similarities in the Parliamentary system of England and the Parliamentary system of India. The characteristics of the Indian government-.The parliamentary system is a system of governance. The legislature of the central government is known as the Parliament. The Indian Parliament was composed of President, Lok sabha, and Rajya sabha.

India adopted the parliamentary system of government for several reasons. The development of parliamentary institutions started during the British Rule. The British rulers governed in accordance with this system. The parliamentary system of govt. of India is also in a way a product of the freedom movement. Many discussions took place  in the constituent assembly over the system of government.  The framers of the constitution made few changes in the parliamentary system to suit the Indian constitution.  Discussions and deliberations are an integral part of the parliamentary form of government. Members of the opposition party also take part in these discussions. Oposition paties may support the  government wherever appropriate, point out shortcomings in policies and laws, put up studied arguments and questions etc. This helps the legislature to make proper laws.

2.) DISCUSSIONS AND DELIBERATIONS ARE IMPORTANT IN A PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT.

ANS:- The Parliament is a legislative, elected body of government.  Discussions and deliberations are an integral part of the Parliamentary form of government. Questions related to public welfare are discussed in the legislature. Members from the opposition party also can take part in these discussions. Opposition parties may support the government wherever appropriate, point out shortcomings in policies and laws, put up studied arguments and questions etc. This helps the legislature to make proper laws.

 (4.) Answer the following in 25 to 30 words.

1.) WHAT IS A RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT?

ANS:- Responsible government is a conception of a system of government that embodies the principle of a parliamentary accountability, the foundation of the Westminster system of pariliamentary democracy. A responsible government cannot carry out functions as per its whims and fancies as it is directly responsible to the parliament.

2.) ENUMERATE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PRESIDENTIAL SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT.

ANS:- The characteristics of the presidential system of government-

In a presidential form of government, the legislature and the executive are not directly dependent on each other. The houses of the legislature and the president are directly elected by the people. The president is the executive head and has  lot of powers including power to implement laws.

In spite of such a structure the legislature and the executive keep a check on each other. This mutual control over each other can lead to a responsible government.


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