Maharashtra Board Class 7 Geography Solution Chapter 6 – Natural Regions
Balbharati Maharashtra Board Class 7 Geography Solution Chapter 6: Natural Regions. Marathi or English Medium Students of Class 7 get here Natural Regions full Exercise Solution.
|Std||Maharashtra Class 7|
(Q1) Read the following statements carefully. Correct the wrong ones and write them down:
(1) Due to its mild and warm and warm climate, people from the west European region are not energetic.
Ans: – Due to its mild and warm climate, people from west European region are energetic.
(2) The prairie region is called the wheat basket of the world.
Ans: – The prairie region is called the wheat basket of the world.
(3) The trees in the Mediterranean region have oily leaves and the bark is quite thick. There is a high rate of transpiration.
Ans: – The trees in the Mediterranean region have oily leaves and the bark is quite thick. There is a low rate of transpiration.
(4) The camel is an important animal of the hot desert region as it can survive without water and is useful for transport.
Ans: – Yes, the camel is important animal of the hot desert region as it can survive without water and is useful for transport.
(5) Carnivorous animals like tiger and lions are found in large numbers in the equatorial regions.
Ans: – Wrong carnivorous animals like tiger and lion are found in large numbers in the grasslands region of Sudan type.
(Q2) Give geographical reasons.
(1) People in monsoon region are mainly engaged in agriculture.
Ans: – People in monsoon region are mainly engaged in agriculture because the rainfall during the monsoon seasons provide much needed moisture to the soil and help in the growth of crops.
(2) Trees in equatorial forests grow tall.
Ans: – The year round high temperatures and abundant rainfall support trees in equatorial forests grow tall. Equatorial forests have very dense vegetation.
They are much taller than most trees in the rainforest and their crowns are exposed to the direct sunlight.
(3) Vegetation is short-lived in the Tundra region.
Ans: – In the Tundra region is situated at a high altitude and it is covered with snow almost all the time. So vegetation can’t be grown in this region.
(Q3) answer the following questions:
(1) What is the latitudinal extent of the Jaiga region?
Ans: – The latitudinal extent of the Jaiga region is approximately between 55o and 65o N parallel.
(2) Name any three herbivorous animals from the Sudan region. What has nature endowed them with for self-protection?
Ans: – The name of three herbivorous animals from the Sudan region are zebra, giraffe, and kangaroo.
Nature has endowed them with speedy legs for self-protection.
(3) What are the characteristics of the Monsoon region?
Ans: – The characteristics of the Monsoon region are –
(i) Summer temperatures between 27o and 32oc.
(ii) Winter temperature 15o to 24oc.
(iii) Rainfall 250 to 2500 mm
(iv) Areas in this region get rains in specific seasons from SW monsoon.
(v) Here rainfall is highly variable and distribution is quite uneven.
Extra Questions and Answers Notes
1.) Write the details of each of the natural regions of the world that can be divided.
Tundra Region: –
Location and extent – The tundra region is usually seen from 65 degrees latitude to 90 degrees latitude. Greenland, north Canada, north Europe and north Asian countries are commonly found in this region.
Climate – The climate of this region is generally very cool in nature. Summer average temperature is 10 degrees Celsius and winter average temperature is – 20 to – 30 degrees centigrade. The annual rainfall is 25 to 30 mm.
Natural vegetation Animal life Human life – Due to the extreme cold in the area the forest is not visible istead grass small flowering plants and moss can be seen. The main animal I the area is the rain deer polar bear, fox seal. The main feature of the animals here is that their bodie are covered with soft and thick fur. The people of this region usually live in igloo. Their main livelihood is fishing and animal hunting. The population in this area is very low.
Location and extent – This region is found in the Alaskan and atlantic coasts and parts of Eurasia, between 55 north to 65 north axes.
Climate – The average summer temperature here is 15 to 20 degrees Celsius and the minimum winter temperature is 0 degrees Celsius. The amount of annual rainfall here is 300 to 500 mm. Rainfall in summer and snowfall in winter can be observed here.
Natural vegetation Animal life Human life – Conferous forest can be noticed here. The main feature of the plants here are the leaves are slender and sharp, the stalks are very close to the ground and the wood here is very soft in nature. The main plants here are Spruce, fir, pine, redwood, etc. The main animal here are Caribous, elks, ermine, beavers, silver fox, minks, bears etc. Very little settlement can be noticed here. The main livelihood of the people here is hunting and farming.
Location and extent – This grassland can be observed in both hemispheres between 30 degrees to 55 degrees latitude. These grasslands are known by different names on different continents such as steppes in Eurasia, velds in south Africa, pampas in south America, prairies in north America and downs Australia.
Climate – Here the summer temperature is 27 degrees centigrade and winter temperature is zero degrees centigrade. The average annual rainfall is 400 to 600 mm. Rainfall is usually in summer.
Natural vegetation Animal life Human life – Most of the grassland can be noticed here. The grassland dries up in winter. Elder poplar trees are also found here. Among the wild life animals deer horse bison rabbit kangaroovetc can be seen here. Besides sheep goats donkeys etc can be noticed among the favorite domesticated animals. The people here are mainly nomadic in nature. Their main livelihood is animal husbandry.
Hot Desert Region
Location and extent – 20 to 30 degrees north and south between the latitude of the dry nature of the region can be observed. This region is commonly observed in Africa, Australia and south America.
Climate – the summer temperature here is 30 to 45 degrees Celsius and the winter temperature is 20 to 25 degrees Celsius. Very little rainfall is observe here. It is very cold here at night and the heat of day and night is widespread.
Natural vegetation Animal life Human life – Yet mainly thorny shrubs can be noticed. Here the leaves of the plants have changed into thorns. Here the plants die when the soil moisture dries up. Some examples of trees here are cactus sisal plan dates. Since camels can live without water for many days, for this reasons it is the main animal here. Most of the animals live here in holes in the ground. As such as snakes, rat, scorpions. The needs of the people here are met through animal hunting and also on the banks of the river. The various tribes in the region are Bedouin of the sahara desert, the bushmen of the Kalahari desert, and the aborigines of Australia.
Grassland (Sudan types)
Location and extent – This part extends from 5 degrees to 20 degrees north and south axis. The area is known as shabana in Africa, Queensland in Australia, Parkland in Africa, Llanos and campos in south America.
Climate – The main features of the climate here are hot and humid summers and dry winters. The average summer temperature is 35 degrees Celsius and the winter temperature is 24 degree Celsius. The amount of annual rainfall is 250 to 1000 mm.
Natural vegetation Animal life Human life – The plants here are very long and slender. The grass shoots here are 6 eters long. Here the leaves of the tree behave like umbrellas.
Examples: acacia, agave, sisal, pineapple, cactus etc. A large number of herbivorous and carnivores are seen here. Their main feature is that they can run very fast. Notable among these is the lion cheetah, hyenas, wolf, zebra, giraffe, elephant, rhino, wild ox, buffalo, kangaroo, emu, etc. The area is mainly inhabited by tribes such as the zulu hausa masai. Their houses are very ordinary and are made of mud walls. The height of these houses is very low and the dome shaped houses are called kraals.
Location and extent – This region is usually detailed in a very short range between 5 degrees north and 5 degrees south axis. This region is usually found in Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, kongo basin, amazon basin.
Climate – The region is extremely hot and rainy through out the year. Summer temperatures are 30 degrees Celsius. The annual rainfall is about 2500 to 3000 mm.
Natural vegetation Animal life Human life – Tropical evergreen forests are seen here for year round rainfall. Different species of trees can be noticed here. The wood of this tree here is very hard and long. Mainly trees like Mahogany, greenheart, rosewood, etc. Crocodile anacondas and hippos can be spotted here as there are more wetlands. Poisonous tse tse flies can be seen here. Also found in chimpanzee and gorillas. Population is very low in this region. The people here depend on nature for their livelihood. Most of the people here are tribal in nature. Some notable tribes are – Pygmies (Africa), Boro Indians, Semang, etc.
2.) Write down how many local climate regions in the world can divided, and what you know about them.
A:- 3 local climate zones can be observed in the world – They are
Location and extent – This region usually extends between 10 degrees to 30 degrees north and south axis. This climate is commonly found in the indian sub continent, The Philippines, the west indies, Australia, East Africa, and central America.
Climate – The average summer temperature in this region is 27 to 32 degrees Celsius. The amount of rainfall is 250 to 2500 mm. The main cause of rainfall in this region is south west monsoon.
Natural vegetation Animal life Human life – Semi evergreen and deciduous forests are found in this region. The forest here depends on the distribution of rainfall. Some of the notable trees in the region are the banyan, peepal, teak, sal, sheesham, sandalwood, cinchona, bamboo, acacia, shrubs, grasses etc. Among the wild animals tigers lions labor elephants etc. can be seen here. Numerous small hamlet people live here. There is a wide variety of people’s food and costumes. The main livelihood of the people here is agriculture. Also associated with first level economic activities.
Location and extent – This region ainly extends in both hemispheres between the 30 to 40 degrees axis. This climate is more noticeable in western European countries like Portugal spain and turkey.
Climate – It is dry in summer and rainy in winter. Summer average temperatures range from 211 to 27 degrees and winter temperatures range from 10 – 14 degrees Celsius . The average rainfall is 500 to 1000 mm. The rainy season here is usually in winter.
Natural vegetation Animal life Human life – The leaves are small and oily. Grass is seen in areas with low rainfall. The most common plant is olive oak chestnut. Domestic animals are more noticeable in animals. Among them goats sheep etc. are notable. Most of the greek roman civilizations can be seen in these areas. The main livelihood of the people here is agriculture. Cultivation of flowers and fruits is more in agricultural work. The clothes of the people here are very colorful.
West European Region
Location and extent – This region extends in both hemispheres between the 40 to 45 degrees latitude. The climate zone is found in countries like Norway, Denmark, Ireland, british, Columbia new Zealand etc.
Climate – The summer temperature here is 20 degree centigrade and the winter temperature 5 degree centigrade. The annual rainfall is 500 to 2500 mm. Rainfall can be observed here throughout the year. Rainfall in this region is mainly caused by cyclones caused by westerlies.
Natural vegetation Animal life Human life – Coniferous trees and grasslands can be observed in this region. The leaves fall off in winter. Notable trees here are oak, beech, maple, elm, pine, spruce, poplar, etc. Many domesticated animals can be observed here for animal husbandary. There are also fox bears in the wild. The people here are associated with second and third tier economic activities. People here use woolen clothes more.
3.) Write the names of two cold desert regions.
A:- The two coldest deserts are Ladakh in India and Arizona in the United States America.