Maharashtra Board Class 6 Civics Solution Chapter 4 – Urban Local Government Bodies
Balbharati Maharashtra Board Class 6 Civics Solution Chapter 4: Urban Local Government Bodies. Marathi or English Medium Students of Class 6 get here Urban Local Government Bodies full Exercise Solution.
|Std||Maharashtra Class 6|
|Subject||History and Civics Solution|
|Chapter||Urban Local Government Bodies|
(2) Municipal council
(3) Chief Officer
(1) What problems do people face in cities ?
Problems faced in cities are: –
Shortage of housing
Problems of disposal of waste
A large proportion of population in slums
(2) Name the various committees of the Municipal Corporation
Ans. Some important committee of corporation are Education committee, Health committee, Transport committee, etc.
|Points||Nagar Panchayat||Municipal Council||Municipal Corporation|
|Number of members||Minimum 9
|The total number of members is proportionate to the population|
|Officers||Executive officer||Chief officer||Commissioner|
(1) Which are the essential functions of the Municipal Council ?
The essential functions of the Municipal council are obligatory functions, for example, lighting of public streets, providing drinking water, public hygiene, swage, disposal, registration of birth/death/marriage etc.
(2) Where does the Nagar Panchayat function ?
Functions of Nagar Panchayat are essential service and facilities to the urban area, sanitation program, street lighting and providing roads in wards and main roads in town.
More Extra Questions
Multiple choice questions:(marks:1)
1.) The elections of Nagar Panchayat are held every:
a) 3 years
b) 5 years
c) 10 years
Ans: 5 years.
Answer the following questions:(marks:1)
1.) What is a municipal corporation?
Ans: The local bodies that provide different services to the people in big cities are called municipal corporations.
2.) In Maharashtra where was the first municipal corporation established?
Ans: The first municipal corporation established in Mumbai, the capital of Maharashtra.
3.) The elected members of municipal corporations are known as what?
Ans: The elected members of municipal corporations are known as the corporators.
4.) Who is the head of the administration of the corporation?
Ans: The municipal commissioner is the head of the municipal corporation.
Answer the following questions: (marks:2/ 3)
1.) Which functions are known as discretionary functions?
Ans: The Municipal Council also tries to provide additional facilities to the people such as planning new public roads and acquiring the necessary land, improving the condition of slums, creating public gardens and parks, providing secure shelters for cattle etc. These functions are known as ‘discretionary functions’.
2.) What is known as obligatory functions?
Ans: There are some functions that are binding on the Council. These are known as obligatory functions. Such as: lighting of public streets, providing drinking water, public hygiene, sewage disposal, registration of birth/death/marriage, etc.
3.) Write about the sources of revenue of the corporation ?
Ans: The sources of revenue of corporation are:
- House tax
- Property tax
- Water tax
- Profession tax
- Entertainment tax
- Raising loans
- State government loans.
4.) What do you mean by reservation seats?
Ans: Out of the total number of seats to which people elect their representatives in a Gram Panchayat, Panchayat Samiti and Zilla Parishad, Municipal Council and Municipal
Corporation, some seats are reserved for members of the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and the Backward Class of Citizens. Only members from that specific category can be elected to the reserved seat. This is known as reservation of seats. Also, out of the total number of seats, half of the seats are reserved for women.
Answer the following questions: (marks:5)
1.) What are the advantages and disadvantages of cities?
Ans: Our country has a large number of towns and cities and they are growing rapidly. Villages are growing into towns and cities and cities into metropolises. The rural areas neighbouring cities are also getting transformed.
- Opportunities for industry and businesses .
- Expanding service sector.
- Large scale opportunities for jobs.
- Availability of facilities for entertainment art, culture, etc.
- Shortage of housing.
- Insufficient space.
- Traffic congestion.
- Increase pollution.
- Increase in accidents.
- Problem of disposal of waste.
- Increasing crime.
- A large proportion of the population lives in slums.
2.) What is a municipal corporation? What are the functions of municipal corporations?
Ans: The municipal corporation is the local body that provides different services to the people in big cities.
The functions of municipal corporation are:
- Water supply: municipal corporation ensures safe and regular supply of drinking water.
- Elementary education: provides educational facilities to the children and also ensures compulsory primary education.
- Electricity: ensures electric supply to all people.
- Registration of birth, death and marriage: municipal corporation maintains the registration of birth, death and marriage.
- Public transports in cities: municipal corporations ensure public transports in the cities.
- Protection of environment: safe disposal of waste, maintain proper drainage system, arrange tree plantation programmes etc. Ensured by the municipal corporation.
3.) Discuss about the local government bodies – urban.
Ans: Our country has a large number of towns and cities and they are growing rapidly. Villages are growing into towns, towns into cities and cities into metropolises. The rural areas neighbouring cities are also getting transformed. The urban local government bodies include the Nagar Panchayat, the municipal council and the municipal corporation.
A.) Nagar Panchayat:
The villages that are in the process of becoming towns have a Nagar Panchayat. There are some areas which are neither fully rural nor fully urban. In such areas, the local government body is the Nagar Panchayat. Elections to a Nagar Panchayat are held every five years. The elected members choose a President and a Vice-President from among themselves. Minimum members of Nagar Panchayat are 9 and maximum members of Nagar Panchayat are 19.
B.) The municipal council: The Municipal Council is the local government body for small cities. Elections to the Council are held every five years. The elected representatives function as Councillors. They choose a President from among themselves.The President of the Municipal Council is the chairman of all its meetings. He controls the working of the Council and keeps a watch on the financial administration of the Council. In the absence of the President, the Vice-President looks after the work of the Council.There are some obligatory functions present,for example, lighting of public streets, providing drinking water, public hygiene, sewage disposal, registration of birth,death and marriage, etc.The Municipal Council also tries to provide additional facilities to the people and these functions are known as discretionary functions. Planning new public roads and acquiring the necessary land, improving the condition of slums, creating public gardens and parks, providing secure shelters for cattle etc. Minimum members of municipal council are 17 and maximum members of municipal corporation are 38.
c.) Municipal corporation: The local body that provides different services to the people in big cities is called Municipal Corporation. The total number of members of a Municipal Corporation is determined so as to be in proportion to the population of the city. The elections to the Corporations are held every five years. The elected members are known as Corporators. They elect a Mayor and a Deputy Mayor from among themselves. The Mayor is considered to be the first citizen of the city. He presides over all the meetings of the Corporation. Many important issues regarding the city are discussed, and decisions regarding the development of the city are made in the General Body meeting of the Corporation. The functions of municipal corporations are: ensure water supply, ensure elementary education, provide electricity, maintain the registration of birth, death and marriage, ensure public transports in cities, protect the environment etc.
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