Maharashtra Board Class 10 Political Science Civics Solution Chapter 3 – Political Parties
Balbharati Maharashtra Board Class 10 Political Science Civics Solution Chapter 3: Political Parties. Marathi or English Medium Students of Class 10 get here Political Parties full Exercise Solution.
|Maharashtra Class 10|
Political Science Civics (Nagrik Shashtra) Solution
1.) Choose the correct option from the given options and complete the sentences.
(1) When people come together and participate in electoral process, to acquire political power, such organisations are called ………… .
(c) Political parties
(d) Social organisations
Ans) (c) Political parties
(2) National Conference is a party in………… this region.
(d) Jammu and Kashmir
Ans) (d) Jammu and Kashmir
(3) Justice Party-a non-Brahminmovement was transformed into………. Political Party.
(a) Assam GanParishad
(d) Jammu and Kashmir National Conference
Ans) (c) Dravid Munnetra Kazhagam
2.) State whether following statements are true or false. Give reasons for your answer.
(1) Political parties act as a link between government and people.
(2) Political parties are social organisations.
(3) Coalition politics leads to instability.
(4) ShiromaniAkali Dal is a national party
Ans) False. Shiromani Akali Dal is a Indian PoiticalParty.
3.) Explain the following concepts.
Ans) After Independence Regional parties came into existence in India. These are the particular parties for the particular region which are proud for their different identity.This particular feelings gave a rise of regionalism. Though the main objective of these regional parties is to work for a particular region, they have not limited their work at the regional level. They have spread their influence in the National level as well. Their demands for regional level are-
a) Regional problems should be resolved at regional level;
b) Political power should be in the hands of the people from region
c) And residents of the region should get preference in administration and jobs.
Some important regional parties in India are Shiv Sena ,Shiromani Akali Dal, Asam Gana Parishad etc.
(2) National Parties
Ans) India has a multiparty system. Party wins 2% of seats in Loksabha from three different seats, party getsrecognition as a state party in at least four states,party gets at least 8% of total valid votes polled in 4 or more states is recognised as a National Party. Name of some Nationalparties in India are-
- Indian National Congress- Indian National Congress was established in 1885. The party believes in democratic socialism, social equality and international peace. It always follows the policy of secularism, all round development, equal rights and welfare for minorities and disadvantageous sections of the society.
- Communist Party- Communist Party was established in the year 1925.Ideology of this party was opposite to capitalism. They only works for the welfare of the labours and workers. Communist Party of India believes in Marxist ideology was formed in 1964.
- BharatiyaJanata Party- After 1951 they started working in the name of Bharatiya JanSangh. Later it was merged with Janata Party. This party always work to protect India’s cultural heritage andto reform India’s economy.
Few more important National parties are there in India ,they are-Communist Party of India (Marxist), Bahujan Samaj Party, Trinamool Congress, Nationalist Congress Party etc.
- Answer the following questions in brief.
(1) What are the major characteristics of political parties?
Ans) The major characteristics of Political parties are-
- Political Parties are one of the main characteristics of democracy.
- It is a kind of social organisation with the objective of achieving political power and participatesin the electoral process.
- Different politicalparties compete with each otherthrough election to achieve power.
- Different political parties have different party ideology.
- Every political party have their particular party agenda on the basis of their party ideology.
- Political party gets the majority votes in the election has the right to form government and the party gets the second majority votes forms opposition party.
- Political parties always act as a bridge between the public and the Government.Political parties communicate the demands andcomplaints of the people to the government.The government also tries to get support of thepeople for its policies and programmesthrough political parties.
(2) What changes have taken place in the nature of political parties in India?
Ans) Changes have taken place in the nature of political parties in India are-
- The post-independence period was called Era of ‘Single dominant party system’ as Indian politicswas controlled by the Congress Party and Congress had a majority at Centreand in most of the States.
- The non-Congress parties started working as a challenge against the ‘Single dominant party system’ from 1977.
- After the 1989 Loksabha Elections both the Bharatiya Janata Party and
Congress Party madecoalition governments and the system of one party emerging as dominant party came to an end.