Maharashtra Board Class 10 History Solution Chapter 5 – Mass Media and History
Balbharati Maharashtra Board Class 10 History Solution Chapter 5: Mass Media and History. Marathi or English Medium Students of Class 10 get here Mass Media and History full Exercise Solution.
|Maharashtra Class 10|
History and Political Science Solution
Mass Media and History
(1) The first English newspaper in India was started by …
(a) James Augustus Hickey (b) John Marshall (c) Allen Hume
Ans)(a) James Augustus Hickey
(2) Television is an ….medium.
(a) visual (b) audio (c) audio-visual
(B) Identify and write the wrong pair in the following set.
(1) ‘Prabhakar’ –BhauMahajan
(2) ‘Darpan’ – BalshastriJambhekar
(3) ‘Deenbandhu’ – KrishnaraoBhalekar (4) ‘Kesari’ – BalGangadharTilak
- ) Write short notes :
(1) The role of newspaper in the Indian struggle for independence
Ans) Newspapers played an important role in the Indian struggle for independence. Papers like ‘Darpan’, ‘Prabhakar’, ‘Dnyanoday’,‘Kesari’ and ‘Maratha’are some important names in this field. They were working as a medium of creating social awareness. Newspaper Darpan was reviewing to know about the political, economic, social and cultural events of those times. It was working on some very important topics of that time and making people aware about that. Some topics were like this- The Accounts of Expenditure from the Three Administrative Divisions of the East India Company , The Danger of Russian Attack on the Nation ,Appointment of a Committee for Cleanliness of the City ,Remarriage of Hindu Widows ,The Inception of Theatre at Calcutta , Achievements of Raja Ram Mohan Roy in England etc. Again the newspaper ‘Prabhakar’ was putting lights on The history of French revolution and ‘Shatpatre’, the letters by Lokhitvadi (Gopal Hari Deshmukh) to create social awareness. Moreover people came to about the news of installation of telegraph, used for electrically transmitting, the news of the starting of railways in India through Dnyanoday. A newspaper named ‘Induprakash’ supported widow remarriage in a big way and Deenbandhu’, a newspaper was become famous for representing the masses of the Indian society. Most importantly newspapers named ‘Kesari’ and ‘Maratha’played an important role in the field of the history of Indian newspapers before independence. Gopal Ganesh Agarkar and Bal Gangandhar Tilak spoke about the social and political issues of that period. Kesari began to publish articles about the nationwide situations, books in the native languages and the politics in England.
(2) Why do we need mass media?
Ans)The other name of mass media is mass communication, where mass means aggregation of people and ‘Media’ means various modes of communication. With the help of this we can easily send some information to a faraway destination through a medium of communication. We do not need a crier running in the streets, beating drums and crying out important news. Because of this we can say that the whole world has come to our own house. It is important for the free flowing of information to all strata of the society. Newspapers are the part of mass media which can help in making the democracy stronger because there readers can get a platform to voice their opinions. Television has crossed limitations of newspapers and the radio by showing the actual visuals of an event to people.
(3) Mass Media and professional opportunities.
Ans) There are huge professional opportunities available in this field. Journalists, editors, writers, technicians, columnist, cameraman,technicians can get the chance to work for the newspapers. Again in television here also writers, actors, editors, news anchors to read the news, directors, producers are needed.People with deep knowledge of history can get the chance to work for a large number of people who do watch ancient monuments, forts, histories of empires and also the history of culinary arts apart from serials. Again radio jockeys, technical teams ,sound engineers, singers etc. can also get the chance to work in radio stations.
3.) Explain the following statements with reasons.
1) Any information received through mass media needs to be reviewed critically.
Ans) Information received through mass media needs to be reviewed critically as they do not always represent exact truth. As it was seen that an unauthentic, forgedhandwritten diaries of Adolf Hitler were sold by ‘Stern’, a German weekly magazine to various publication companies who had purchased it. They were come in print in Germany. However, later those diaries were proved to be forged.
(2) Knowledge of history is essential for newspaper articles.
Ans) Knowledge of history is essential for newspaper articles because readerswant to get additional information to get better insights about the current news. It is also necessary to unfold the background of an event in the news to report news in detail. Reporters should try to compare it with parallel events.
(3) Television is the most popular medium
Ans)Television is the most popular medium because it is an audio-visual medium. It has crossed the inherent limitations of newspapers and the radio byshowing the actual visuals of an event to people.