Maharashtra Board Class 10 History Solution Chapter 2 – Historiography : Indian Tradition
Balbharati Maharashtra Board Class 10 History Solution Chapter 2: Historiography : Indian Tradition. Marathi or English Medium Students of Class 10 get here Historiography : Indian Tradition full Exercise Solution.
|Maharashtra Class 10|
History and Political Science Solution
Historiography : Indian Tradition
Q.1.(A) Choose the correct option from the given options and complete the statement.
(1) ….. was the first Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India.
(a) Alexander Cunningham (b) William Jones (c) John Marshall(d) Friedrich Max Muller
Ans)(a) Alexander Cunningham
(2) …… translated the Sanskrit text of ‘Hitopadesh’ in German language.
(a) James Mill (b) Friedrich Max Muller (c) MountstuartElphinstone (d) Sir John Marshall
Ans)(b) Friedrich Max Muller
(B) Identify and write the wrong pair in the following set.
(1) ‘Who were the Shudras’ – subaltern History
(2) ‘Stri-PurushTulana’ – Feminist writing
(3) ‘The Indian War of Independence 1857’ – NationalisticHistory
(4) Grant Duff – Colonial History.
2.) Explain the following with its reason.
(1) Writing of the regional history received a momentum.
Ans)) Writing of the regional history received a momentum by The nationalistic historiography because here Indian historians, trained in the British educational system worked hard to restore the pride and the ancient glory of India and the selfesteem of the Indian readers. They tried to seek the golden era of Indian history by blaming writers for ignoring the critical analysis of the historical truth. The nationalistic historiography helped in the triggering of the independencemovement of the Indian people against the British.
(2) Bakhar is an important type of historical documents.
Ans)Bakhar is an important type of historical documents as it contains eulogies of the heroes and stories of historic events, battles, lives of great men. It is a historical documents of medieval period.
3.) Write detailed Answers the following questions in detail.
(1) What is Marxist History?
Ans) The basic theme of Marxist historiography was to analyse the impact of every social event and their significance. Marxist historians were concerned about only three things- the means of production, modes of production and the industrial relations. In India studied they also the transitions within the caste system and some famous ,notable Indian historians were DamodarDharmanandKosambi, Comrade Shripad Amrut Dange, Ram Sharan Sharma, Comrade Sharad Patil who adopted the Marxist ideological framework.
(2) What is the contribution of Itihasacharya V.K. Rajwade to historiography ?
Ans) V. K. Rajawade was the founder of ‘Bharat Itihas Samshodhak Mandal’ in Pune. He was a Marathi writer on varied subjects like history, linguistics, etymology, grammar, etc. He compiled and edited 22 volumes of ‘MarathyanchyaItihasachiSadhane’and wrote very scholarly prefaces to each of the 22 volumes. It was his opinion that we should write our own history. According to him History does not include only the stories of political images, conspiracies and wars for seizing power rather History is the all-inclusive image of the past societies.
4.) (a) Complete the following chart.
James Mill – ‘History of British India’
James Grant Duff – A History of Marathas
Mountstuart Elphinstone – ‘The History of India’
S.A. Dange – Primitive Communism to Slavery
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar – ‘Who were the Shudras
5.) Explain the following concepts.
(1) Orientalist historiography.
Ans) The scholars, who felt curious about civilisations and countries of the East and felt admiration and respect for them were called Orientalist. They focused more on Vedic tradition and Sanskrit literature and found similarities between Sanskrit and some of the European languages. Sir William Jones, Friedrich Max Muller Edward Said were the famous orientalistscholars.
(2) Nationalistic historiography.
Ans) Nationalistic historiography tried to seek the golden era of Indian history by blaming writers for ignoring the critical analysis of the historical truth. The nationalistic historiography helped in the triggering of the independencemovement of the Indian people against the British. Again the writings of Indian historians who were trained in the British educational system show an inclination to restore the pride in the ancient glory of India and the self-esteem of the Indian readers. Their writings are known as ‘Nationalistic Historiography’. Mahadev Govind Ranade, Ramkrishna Gopal Bhandarkar, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, RajendraLal Mishra, Ramesh Chandra Majumdar, Kashi Prasad Jayswal, Radha Kumud Mukherjee, Bhagawan LalIndraji, Vasudev Vishnu Mirashi and Anant Sadashiv Altekar are the names of some renowned scholars among the nationalistic historians.
(3) Subaltern history.
Ans) Subaltern means the ‘bottommost ranks’ and Subaltern history developed the idea that history should be written starting from the bottommost ranks of people in the society. Antonio Gramsci played an important role in this. Again Ranjit Guha, an Indian historian played a major role in establishing subaltern history as an important academic school of historiography. Here Folklore has been considered as a very important source of writing subaltern histories.