Maharashtra Board Class 10 Geography Solution Chapter 6 – Population
Balbharati Maharashtra Board Class 10 Geography Solution Chapter 6: Population. Marathi or English Medium Students of Class 10 get here Population full Exercise Solution.
|Maharashtra Class 10|
Q 1. Are the following sentences right or wrong? Correct the wrong ones.
(a) Literacy Rate is higher in Brazil than India. -Right
(b) In Brazil, people prefer living in the south east as compared to the north east. – Right
(c) The life expectancy of Indians is decreasing. –wrong
Ans) The life expectancy of Indians is increasing
(d) The north-western part of India is densely populated. –Wrong
Ans) The northern plains of India are densely populated.
(e) The western part of Brazil is densely populated.-Wrong
Ans) The Eastern part of Brazil is densely populated.
Q 2. Answer the questions as per the instructions :
(a) Arrange the following states of India in descending order of their population.
Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh
Ans) Uttar Pradesh,Madhya Pradesh,Andhra Pradesh ,Himachal Pradesh,Arunachal Pradesh
(b) Arrange the states of Brazil in ascending order of their population :
Amazonas, Rio de Janeiro, Alaguas, Sao Paulo, Parana
Ans)Alaguas, Amazonas,, Parana,, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo
(c) Classify the factors affecting the distribution of population into favourable and unfavourable.
Nearness to sea, lack of roads, temperate climate, lack of industries, new cities and towns, tropical moist forests, minerals, semi-arid climate, cultivable land.
Ans) Favourable-Nearness to sea, temperate climate,new cities and towns,, minerals,cultivable land.
Unfavourable-lack of roads,lack of industries,tropical moist forests,semi-arid climate.
Q 3. Answer the following questions:
(1) Explain the similarities and differences between the population distribution in Brazil and India.
Ans)The distribution of population is very uneven in Brazil and in India. India’s population is around 121 crore according to Census 2011. India is the second most populous country in the world.Brazil ranks 5th in the World,with a population of around 19 crore, according to Census 2010. India supports 17.5 % of the world’s population and Brazil has 2.78% of world’s total population. Due to farming, industries and trade, the proportion of the population got concentrated in the northern plains of the country.On the contrary, in mountainous hilly regions, dry desert areas, dense forest areas, density is sparse because of inaccessibility, absence of facilities and tough life.In Brazil the Amazon Basin,the central and western part of Brazil is less populated due to unfavourable climate, heavy rainfall, accessibility and dense forests etc. Eastern coastal areas are densely populated in Brazil because of flourishing agriculture and industries .
(2) Giving examples, correlate climate and population distribution.
Ans) population distribution is correlated with climatic condition of that place. Favourable climatic condition, mainly temperate types of climate, moderate rainfall etc. is responsible behind highpopulation density. For example Northern plain of India and Eastern coastal area of Brazil are densely populated because of its favourable climatic condition.
Q 4. Give geographical reasons:
(a) Population is an important resource.
Ans) Population is an important resource because it is a qualitative aspects of a nation and important for the social and economic progress .
(b) Brazil’s population density is very less.
Ans) Brazil’s population density is very less because most of the part of Brazil is covered with Amazon Basin.Unfavourable climate, heavy rainfall, accessibility and dense forests are the barriers to development of human settlements here. Again the central , western part of Brazil and highland areas are not favourable for dense human settlement because of its climatic condition and physical environment.
(c) India’s population density is high.
Ans)India’s population density is high because of its fertile land, plain land and availability of water etc. Mainly ,the northern plains of the country, Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Pune, Bangaluru, Chennai, etc. are come under this. Developed farming, industries and trade are also the reason behind this.
(d) The density of population is sparse in Amazon basin.
Ans) The density of population is sparse in Amazon basin because of Unfavourable climate, heavy rainfall, accessibility and dense forests.
(e) Population density is high in the Ganga plains.
Ans) Population density is high in the Ganga plains because of its fertile land, plain land and availability of water etc.Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Pune, Bangaluru, Chennai, etc. are come under this.