Maharashtra Board Class 10 Geography Solution Chapter 5 – Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
Balbharati Maharashtra Board Class 10 Geography Solution Chapter 5: Natural Vegetation and Wildlife. Marathi or English Medium Students of Class 10 get here Natural Vegetation and Wildlife full Exercise Solution.
Maharashtra Class 10
Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
Q 1.) On the basis of the information given in the chapter, figures and maps, complete the table below:
|Type of Forest||Characteristics||Regions in India||Regions in Brazil|
|1||Tropical Forests||1. Broad-leaved evergreen trees||Andaman and Nicobar Islands, the Western Ghats||Amazon Basin, Guyana Highlands|
|2||Semi arid thorny vegetation||Leaves are small and turned into thorns||Gujarat, Rajasthan, Parts of Madhya Pradesh
|North-Eastern part of Brazil|
|3||Savannah||Scanty bushes and shrub-like trees and rain-resistant grass||Brazilian Highland|
|4||Tropical semi-deciduous||Mixed type of vegetation||Central India and South India||South Eastern part of Brazil|
|5||Grasslands||Grassland region like the Pampas of Argentina||Assam||Southern Brazil|
Q 2. Identify the odd man out
(1) Forest type of Brazil-
(a) thorny bush type vegetation (b) evergreen forests (c) the Himalayan Forests (d) Deciduous forests
(2) With reference to India
(a) Mangrove forests (b) Mediterranean forests (c) Thorny bush-type vegetation (d) equatorial forests
(3) With reference to fauna of Brazil-
(a) Anaconda (b) Tamairin (c) Red Panda (d) Lion (
4) With reference to flora of India-
(a) Deodar (b) Anjan (c) Orchid (d) Banyan
Q 3. Match the columns :
(a) Evergreen Forests (i) Pau Brasil
(b) Deciduous Frests (ii) Teak
(c) Coastal Forests (iii) Sundar trees
(d) Himalayan Forests (iv) Pine
(e) Thorny and bush-type vegetation (v) Khejadi
Q 4. Answer in short:
a) Differentiate between the forest types of Brazil and India.
Ans) Being an equatorial region Brazil experiences rains throughout the year and evergreen forests are found in the area where it rains throughout the year.In India, regions which receive more than 2000 mm of rainfall on an average along with abundant sunlight , evergreen forests are found.
In regions receiving rainfall between 1000 mm to 2000 mm in India, deciduous forests are found. There is o deciduous forest in Brazil.
b) Correlate wildlife and natural vegetation in India and Brazil.
Ans) A greater diversity in wildlife is found in Brazil and in India. In the swampy areas of the Pantanal, huge anacondas are found and one-horned rhinoceroses are found in swampy and marshy lands of Assam.Rivers, estuaries and coastal areas are homes of many turtles, crocodiles and gavials (gharial) in India andAmong the fish varieties, mainly swordfish are found in the seas while pink dolphins and piranhas are found in the rivers of Brazil.Various types of parrots, macaws, and flamingos are the major birds found IN Brazil and the forests and wetlands of India are the shelters of variety of birds like Peacocks, Indian bustard, Kingfishers, peasants, ducks,parakeets, cranes and pigeons.
c) What environmental issues are faced by Brazil and India?
Ans) Because of poachers, slash and burn agriculture (roka), deforestation, pollution, poaching etc. many endemic species and many species of wildlife are on the verge of extinction from India and Brazil.
d) What are the major causes of degradation of forest in Brazil and India?
AnS) Slash and burn agriculture (roka), deforestation, pollution, etc are the major causes of degradation of forest in Brazil.
Poaching, pollution and rapidly occurring deforestation etc are the major causes of degradation offorest in India.
e) Why does the deciduous type of vegetation occupy most of India?
Ans) Most of the region in receives rainfall between 1000 mm to 2000 mm ,which is the main cause behind the occupation of deciduous type of vegetation in India.HereiIn dry seasons, trees shed their leaves so that water is not lost due to evaporation. For e.g., teak, bamboo, banyan, peepal, etc.
Q 5. Give geographical reasons
a) The northern part of Brazil is covered by dense forests.
Ans)The northern part of Brazil is covered by dense forests because it is an equatorial region and receives rainfall throughout the year.
b) Vegetation is scarce in the high altitudes of Himalayas.
Ans) Vegetation is scarce in the high altitudes of Himalayas because of the cold weather. Maximum areas are covered by snow and experiences snowfall.At the highest altitude, seasonally flowering trees are found.
c) A wide variety of species of insects isfound in Brazil.
Ans) Evergreen forests, grasslands and swampy lands in Brazil are the main reason behind the growing species of the variety of insects. They get proper environment and ample of food over here.
d) Wildlife in India is decreasing day by day.
Ans) Wildlife in India is decreasing day by day because of poaching, pollution and rapidly occurring deforestation.
e) Like India, there is need of conservation of forests in Brazil too.
Ans) Like India, Brazil is also facing degradation of environment. Many endemic species are on the verge of getting extinct.Illegal smuggling of wild animals is increasing day by day. Because of slash and burn agriculture (roka), and deforestation pollution is also getting increased. To get rid of all these problems like India there is a need of conservation of forests in Brazil too.