Karnataka State Board Social Science Social Science Class 7 Chapter 7 The Sultans of Delhi Exercise Question and Answer.
Q1) FILL IN THE BLANKS:-
- Mohammad Ghori
Q2) ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN A SENTENCE EACH: –
1.) Mohammad Ghori defeated the Rajput king Prithviraj Chauhan in the II Battle of Tarain.
2.) Qutub – Ud – Dn Aibak started constructing the Qutub Minar and later it was completed by Sultan Iltutmish.
3.) The only female ruler during the Sultante period was Raziya.
4.) Malik Kafar was the commander – in – chief sent by Allauddin Khilji to conquer South India.
5.) Mohammad Bin Tughlaq shifted his capital from Delhi to Devagiri.
6) Balban declared himself as the representative of god.
Q3) DISCUSS IN GROUP AND ANSWER:
1) The results of Mohammad Ghazni’s invasion: –
Three centuries, later, Mohammad Ghazni of Turkish origin invaded India; he was the Sultan of Ghazani, a small kingdom in Afghanistan. He invaded India 17 times, looting and destroying Prosperous cities and wealthy temples, it includes Sri Krishna temple and the rich and sacred temple of Somanath.
2.) DYNASTIES OF DELHI SULTANATE ARE: –
– The Slave Dynasty,
– The Khilji Dynasty,
– The Tughlaq Dynasty,
– The Saygid, and
– The Lodi Dynasty.
3.) Achievements of Qutubuddin Aibak:-
Qutubuddin Aibak was the first Sultan of Delhi.
He strengthened the Turkish rule in India by defeating his enemies.
He has constructed Qutub Minar at Mehrauli near Delhi to mark his victory.
5.) Experiments of Mohammad Bin Tughlaq:-
To improve the functioning of the administration he undertook several experiments. One such experiment was the transfer of capital from Delhi to devangiri. He passed many strict orders that all the residents of Delhi were in trouble and forced to leave their home and property. Due to this many of them died. After this he realised the mistake and again he ordered resifting of the capital. Other experiment of Mohammad is, he issued bronze coins instead of silver coins. But he failed to pass order that the only “the government” had the authority to mint. So, all the people began to mint copper coins, and this resulted in the devolution of coins. He weakened the economic condition and it was a great failure.
Q6) the contributions of the Delhi Sultanate to architecture and literature are: –
The main structures built by the Sultans were the famous Qutub Minar (17 m tall), Alai Darwaza, an impressive entrance, Quwwat-ul-Islam Masque and the fort of Siri, All these are in Delhi.
During Sultanate period, the Urdu language evolved. Amir Khusrau and Amir Hasan were great Persian poets of the period.
Amir khusrau was a great musician and evolved musical instruments such as table, Sitar and Ahers.
The poet Jayasi wrote padmavat in Urdu which was a sufi poem.
Ramananda, Kabirdas, Raidas and Meerabai belonged to this period.
Jayasi – Padmavat
Daulatabad – Denvangiri
Allauddin khilji – Alai Darwaza.
Amir khusrau – Sitar.