Karnataka State Board Social Science Social Science Class 7 Chapter 7 The Mughal Empire Exercise Question and Answer.
(Q1) Fill in the blanks:-
(1) Rana Pratap Singh.
(2) Raja Todarmal
(Q2) Answer in one sentence:-
(1) Babur was the founder of the Mughal Dynasty.
(2) Rana Pratap Singh opposed Akbar.
(3) Taj Mahal is at Agra. Shah Jahan constructed it.
(4) Abdul Fazl, Nizamuddin, and Badami were the important historians from the Mughal dynasty.
(Q3) Discuss in groups and answer:-
(1) Ibadat Khana:- It is a prayer hall constructed by Akbar, in new capital, Fatehpur Sikri. Here, he discussed religious matters with leaders of various Islamic sects. He invited Hindu, Jaina, Buddhist, Persi and Christian leaders to discuss their views on religious issues, as a result of the discussions, the evolved a new sect called she Din-e-Ilahi. It incorporated some of the best principles of different religions. However, it could attract only a handful of followers.
(2) Akbar’s religious policy:-
One of the greatest Ruler of Mughal Dynasty – Akbar’s religious policy are given below
– Akbar was tolerant of other religions.
– He invited Hindu, Jaina, Buddhist, Persi and Christian leaders to discuss their views on religions issues.
– He evolved a new sect called Din-e-llahi.
– Also incorporated some of the best principles of different religions.
(Q3) List of architectural constructions from Mughal Period:-
– Akbar constructed a prayer hall, in his new capital.
– He also got a massive gateway built at the entrance to the Fatehpur Sikri Fort called Buland Darwaza.
– The Agra Fort was built by Jahangir.
– He completed Akbar’s Tomb at Sikandra Sahh Jahan.
– He built many beautiful palaces, forts, mosques etc.
– Red fort and Tajmahal was also built by Akbar.
(Q4) Causes for the decline of Mughal dynasty:-
– The chieftains became corrupt.
– Intense fighting took place among the claimants to the throne.
– The provincial governors took advantage of the situation and declared their independence.
– Aurangzeb’s desire to convent India into an Islamic state met with opposition everywhere.
– The prolonged warfare with the Sikhs, The Rajputs and the Marathas fully exhausted the resource of the empire.
– In the meanwhile, Nadir Shah, a Persian invader, raided Delhi, He looted the wealth amassed by the Mughals over a period of two centuries. He carried away the world-famous Kohinoor diamond and the Peacock throne of Shah Jahan. The treasury of the Mughals became empty.
(1) Tulsidas – Rama charitha Manas.
(2) Abul Faral – Akbaranama
(3) ShahJahar – Mayura Simhasane.
(4) Jiziya – Head tax
(5) Akbar – Fatehpur Sikri.