Genetic terminology MCQs with Answers

Genetic terminology MCQs

Hello students, our today’s topic of MCQ is ‘Genetic terminology’. The terms that are used in the genetics are known as genetic terminology. The gametes and chromosomes are also terminologies. The gene is hereditary material. Will see all the terminologies like Gene, phenotype, genotype, homozygous and heterozygous through following MCQs.

MCQ.1): The branch of biology that deals with the study of transmission and variation of inherited characteristics among similar organisms or related organism is known as …………………………………………………………………………….

a) Chromosomes

b) Genetics

c) In vitro fertilization

d) Ornithology

MCQ.2): Which material in the body hold information to build cells and pass genetic traits to offspring?

a) Ovum

b) Golgi complex

c) Ribosome

d) Gene

MCQ. 3): When the two copies of organisms are identical, then it is called as ……………………………………………………………………….

a) Heterotrophs

b) Homozygous

c) Heterozygous

d) Autotrophs

MCQ.4): One of the two identical parts of the chromosome are ……………………………………………………………………….

a) Chromatid

b) Chromatin

c) Centromere

d) Autosome

MCQ.5): In the DNA, series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of DNA that codes for specific amino acid is known as ……………………………………………………………………………….

a) Nucleotide

b) Amino acid

c) Codon

d) Uracil

MCQ.6): Which term is used for the diseases that are present at birth?

a) Cancer disease

b) Congential disease

c) Hereditary disease

d) Familial disease

MCQ.7): The permanent change in the DNA is referred as ………………………………………………………………………..

a) Mutations

b) Defect gene

c) Genetic codes

d) Base pairs

MCQ.8): X syndrome is an example of …………………………………………………………… type of mutation.

a) Point mutation

b) Mutagenic

c) Frameshift

d) Trinucleotide repeat mutations

MCQ.9): The coding exons and non-coding introns are ………………………………………………………………………….

a) Genes

b) Coding region

c) Mutational code

d) DNA code

MCQ.10): The genetic code of every individual have ………………………………………………………………………. Letter code word.

a) Five

b) Three

c) Six

d) Eight

 

Answer

1) b) Genetics

2) d) Gene

3) b) Homozygous

4) a) Chromatid

5) c) Codon

6) b) Congential disease

7) a) Mutations

8) d) Trinucleotide repeat mutations

9) b) Coding region

10) b) Three


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