Conservation of forest and wildlife

Conservation of forest and wildlife

Conservation of forest and wild life can be defined as preservation and protection of wild life by providing optimum conditions which are essential for their life. The optimum conditions can be either natural or artificial, to save the life of endangered animals or plants. The wild life can be protected by 2 conservation methods such as In- situ and Ex-situ conservation.

There are 2 types of conservation methods such as In- situ and Ex-situ conservation.Lets see 1st about In-situ conservation.

1) In-situ conservation: In- situ conservation can be termed as the preservation or protection of wildlife under natural conditions, conserve or protect the particular species in their habitat. It is 1st approach because any species can live better in their own habitat. It is protected within the habitat. In- situ conservation can be divided into 3 types such as Sanctuary, National park and Biosphere reserves.

a) Sanctuary: In one particular area if one species is important but the only particular species is protected. Sanctuary are made for particular species.

b) National park: In a particular area or called as ecosystem which contains producers, herbivores and carnivores, then to protect a complete area or an ecosystem called as national park.

c) Biosphere reserves:If any ecosystem is very beneficial or having rich sources then such area called biosphere reserve. In which center area called as core area, in which no activity is allowed. Surrounding the core area called as buffer zone 1 in which tourism, research and education is allowed. Surrounding the buffer zone 1 next area is called buffer zone 2 in which people can live.

2) Ex-situ conservation: Ex situ conservation can be termed as the preservation or protection of an organism is not enough in natural habitat under such conditions the species kept out of natural habitat or artificial habitat called ex-situ conservation. It can be divided into 4 types such as botanical garden, zoological garden, cryopreservation and wildlife safari.

a) Botanical garden: Botanical garden can be understood by the way where the plant specimen are collected and preserve by giving them artificial environment and protect the endangered plants.

b) Zoological garden:The zoological garden as the name itself suggest all the wild animals those have not suitable condition in natural habitat are kept in zoological garden.

c) Cryopreservation: It can be termed as storage and preservation of cells which are aim to grow are grown via the cryopreservation method.

d) Wildlife safari: The animals live in all the artificial condition and it is the main attraction for tourist so without disturbing the animals, tourist can visit called as wildlife safari.

Question and answers:

1) What is conservation of forest and wildlife?

Answer: Conservation of forest and wild life can be defined as preservation and protection of wild life by providing optimum conditions which are essential for their life. The optimum conditions can be either natural or artificial, to save the life of endangered animals or plants.

2) What are the methods of wildlife conservation?

Answer:The wild life can be protected by 2 conservation methods such as In- situ and Ex-situ conservation.

3) What is in situ conservation?

Answer: In- situ conservation can be termed as the preservation or protection of wildlife under natural conditions, conserve or protect the particular species in their habitat. It is 1st approach because any species can live better in their own habitat. It is protected within the habitat. In- situ conservation can be divided into 3 types such as Sanctuary, National park and Biosphere reserves.

4) What is ex situ conservation?

Answer:Ex situ conservation can be termed as the preservation or protection of an organism is not enough in natural habitat under such conditions the species kept out of natural habitat or artificial habitat called ex-situ conservation. It can be divided into 4 types such as botanical garden, zoological garden, cryopreservation and wildlife safari.

5) What are the types of in situ conservation?

Answer:

a) Sanctuary: In one particular area if one species is important but the only particular species is protected. Sanctuary are made for particular species.

b) National park: In a particular area or called as ecosystem which contains producers, herbivores and carnivores, then to protect a complete area or an ecosystem called as national park.

c) Biosphere reserves: If any ecosystem is very beneficial or having rich sources then such area called biosphere reserve. In which center area called as core area, in which no activity is allowed. Surrounding the core area called as buffer zone 1 in which tourism, research and education is allowed. Surrounding the buffer zone 1 next area is called buffer zone 2 in which people can live.

6) What are the types of ex situ conservation?

Answer: a) Botanical garden: Botanical garden can be understood by the way where the plant specimen are collected and preserve by giving them artificial environment and protect the endangered plants.

b) Zoological garden:The zoological garden as the name itself suggest all the wild animals those have not suitable condition in natural habitat are kept in zoological garden.

c) Cryopreservation: It can be termed as storage and preservation of cells which are aim to grow are grown via the cryopreservation method.

d) Wildlife safari: The animals live in all the artificial condition and it is the main attraction for tourist so without disturbing the animals, tourist can visit called as wildlife safari.


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