Chromosomes MCQs with Answers

Chromosomes MCQs

Hello students, our today’s topic is a ‘Chromosome’. As we know DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) is gene like molecule that is made up of four different type of nucleotide (A,C, T and G). These genes code for something in the body. It codes for a protein. The proteins will make living cells, living cells will make tissue, tissue will make organs and organs will make a creature or organism. Due to different mutations and different genes every individual is different on the planet.

The following MCQ will make you understand more about ‘Chromosomes’.

MCQ.1): During metaphase stage of mitosis, the rod like structure and dark stained bodies seen, this is called as …………………………………………..

a) Genes

b) DNA

c) Chromosome

d) Cell

MCQ.2): Who did discover chromosome and in which year?

a) Waldeyer (1875)

b) Strausberger (1888)

c) Strausberger (1875)

d) Waldeyer (1885)

MCQ. 3): By which of the following component chromosomes are formed?

a) DNA

b) RNA

c) Proteins

d) All of them

MCQ.4):  The …………………………………………..Have shorter Chromosome than …………………………………………..When compared.

a) Animals than plants

b) Plants than animals

c) Plants than insects

d) Plants than molluscs

MCQ.5): How many types are there of shapes generally in the chromosomes?

a) One

b) Two

c) Three

d) Four

MCQ.6): Where the genetic chromosome number is found in the chromosome?

a) Somatic cells

b) Gametic cells

c) Both a) and b)

d) None of them

MCQ.7): The longitudinal subunits of a chromosome is known as ……………………………………………………….

a) Centromere

b) Chromatid

c) Telomere

d) Chromosome

MCQ.8):The two identical copies of chromosomes which are morphologically identical, are known as ……………………………………………..

a) Homologous chromosomes

b) Identical chromosomes

c) Heterozygous chromosomes

d) None of them

MCQ.9): The chromosomes which are involved in the sex determination is known as ………………………………………………….

a) Sex chromosomes

b) Homologous chromosomes

c) Heterozygous chromosomes

d) All of them

MCQ.10): The chromatids of homologous chromosomes are also called as

……………………………………………………..

a) Sister chromatids

b) Non-sister chromatids

c) Centromere

d) Telomere

MCQ.11):In the chromosomes, the two ends are known as …………………………………………….

a) Centromere

b) Telomere

c) Chromatid

d) Matrix

 

Answer

1) c) Chromosome

2) c) Strausberger (1875)

3) d) All of them

4) a) Animals than plants

5) c) Three

6) b) Gametic cells

7) b) Chromatid

8) a) Homologous chromosomes

9) a) Sex chromosomes

10) b) Non-sister chromatids

11) b) Telomere


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